Cannabis in Malta is illegal but partially decriminalized. In 2018, Malta legalized medical cannabis.


In 2015, Malta introduced new policies to decriminalize cannabis. Simple possession will still remain an "arrestable offense" is for the police to be able to fight drug trafficking, and says that the possession of a minimal amount of drugs (3.5g) for personal consumption will effectively be decriminalized. First-time offenders will be handed fines of between €50 and €100 in the case of cannabis possession. Repeat offenders will appear before a Drug Offenders Rehabilitation Board, headed by retired Chief of Justice, which will set conditions for rehabilitation. Breaching the conditions would be tantamount to a criminal offense. The Magistrates Court - in cases not involving the use of weapons or violence - would be able to act as a Drugs Court and refer the accused for treatment to the rehabilitation board.[1][2]

Medical cannabis

Sativex was approved for prescription use in 2015. As of July 2017, however, no patients have been treated with it.[3]

In March 2018, the Maltese president signed into law legislation approving medical cannabis with a prescription, though the legislation did not detail which specific conditions would merit the use of cannabis.[4][5]

Recreational cannabis

On 18 February 2021, Prime Minister Robert Abela announced plans to introduce a law that would legalise possession of a small amount of cannabis and plants for personal use.[6]

Guerrilla gardening

In 2014 news media reported that cannabis saplings were appearing in roundabouts and centre strips in Gozo and Zebbug.[7]


  1. ^ "New drugs reform law into force today– what has changed?". Malta Today.
  2. ^ "Simple possession to remain an 'arrestable offence' - but only to fight drug trade – Bonnici - The Malta Independent".
  3. ^ Diacono, Tim (2017-07-19). "Thousands in Malta suffering over extreme restrictions on medical cannabis, says family doctor". Malta Today. Retrieved 2017-12-01.
  4. ^ "Malta legalizes marijuana prescriptions; production law nears approval". MJ Biz Daily. 5 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Malta has officially legalised medical cannabis". Malta Today.
  6. ^ "PM plans law banning arrests for cannabis for personal use". Times of Malta. Retrieved 2021-02-18.
  7. ^ Allied Newspapers Ltd (2014-05-19). "Cannabis saplings in Zebbug roundabout removed". Retrieved 2017-01-13.

Further reading