In Panama, the consumption of cannabis for recreational use is illegal, but it is often unenforced and its use is often tolerated by the general public. Its use is regarded as a taboo subject and it may be masked by the addition of food flavorings.[1] It is often consumed by the youth and cannabis extracts are sometimes used in e-cigarettes.[2][3]

Medical use of cannabis was legalized in 2021, after a bill passed the national assembly by a unanimous vote and was signed into law by President Laurentino Cortizo in October.[4][5] Panama became the first Central American country to legalize medical cannabis in doing so.[4]


The cultivation and use of cannabis (kan-jac) was banned in Panama in 1923.[6]


The Panamanian 1935 Judicial Register refers to cannabis being commonly known locally as "Canyac" or "Kan Jac".[7]


  1. ^ "Desmantelan red que supuestamente se dedicaba a la venta de marihuana líquida | La Prensa Panamá". (in Spanish). 2019-10-19. Retrieved 2020-06-10.
  2. ^ AP (2019-10-10). "Vuelve a debate legalización de cannabis medicinal en Panamá". Telemetro (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-06-10.
  3. ^ Panamá, GESE-La Estrella de. "Sí al cannabis medicinal, pero no al cultivo de la planta en Panamá". La Estrella de Panamá (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-06-10.
  4. ^ a b "Panama's Congress approves medical cannabis bill in unanimous vote". Reuters. 30 August 2021. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  5. ^ "El gobierno de Panamá legalizó el uso medicinal y terapéutico del cannabis". Infobae. 14 October 2021. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  6. ^ Rowan Robinson (1996). The Great Book of Hemp: The Complete Guide to the Environmental, Commercial, and Medicinal Uses of the World's Most Extraordinary Plant. Inner Traditions / Bear & Co. pp. 58–. ISBN 978-0-89281-541-8.
  7. ^ Registro judicial: Organo del poder judicial de la República de Panamá. Imprenta Nacional. 1935.