|• Type||Selectman-town meeting|
|• First selectman||Christopher J. Lippke (R)|
|• Selectman||Mark O. Weeks (R)|
|• Selectman||Jonathan T. Lane (D)|
|• Total||40.2 sq mi (104.1 km2)|
|• Land||39.9 sq mi (103.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)|
|Elevation||351 ft (107 m)|
|• Density||130/sq mi (49/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0213403|
Canterbury is a town in Windham County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 5,132 at the 2010 census.
The area was first settled in the 1680s as Peagscomsuck, consisting mainly of land north of Norwich, south of New Roxbury, Massachusetts (now Woodstock, Connecticut), and west of the Quinebaug River, Peagscomsuck Island, and the Plainfield Settlement. In 1703 it was officially separated from Plainfield and named The Town of Canterbury. The town's name is a transfer from Canterbury, in England.
Main article: Canterbury Female Boarding School
Canterbury was a very influential town at this period, and was particularly noted for the public spirit and high character of its leading men, and its cultivated and agreeable society. Andrew T. Judson, State attorney and successful lawyer, Dr. [Andrew] Harris, the skillful surgeon. Esquire Frost, the devoted champion of temperance, Rufus Adams, with his fund of dry humor, George S. White, with his strong character and multifarious knowledge, Luther Paine, John Francis, Thomas and Stephen Coit, Samuel L. Hough, all solid men interested in public affairs — had their homes at or near Canterbuiy Green, and gave tone and prominence to the town. Few country towns could boast such social attractions. Dr. Harris was one of the most genial and hospitable of men, and his new model house with its rare appendage of a conservatory and choice flower-garden, was the wonder of all the County. Mrs. Harris had inherited the social characteristics of her distinguished father, General Moses Cleaveland, and received their unnumbered guests with all his ease and heartiness. A handsome new house had been also built by Mr. Judson, in which much company was entertained, although it was said that Mrs. Judson as a Windham lady assumed superiority over her neighbors. Her husband, who liked to rally her upon this weakness, once called her down to the parlor to receive a Windham visitor, and most blandly piesented to her an intrusive frog, which had hopped into the hall. His own tact and courtesy made ample amends for liis wife's reputed deficiencies. Pleasant familiar intercourse was maintained among the village residents. All united with uncommon unanimity in plans for village improvement and public benefit, and it was in carrying out one of these projects that they struck upon the rock which foundered them.:490
In 1832, Prudence Crandall, a schoolteacher raised as a Quaker, stirred controversy when she opened the Canterbury Female Boarding School and admitted black girls to it. Prominent Canterbury resident Andrew T. Judson led efforts against the school. The Connecticut General Assembly passed a "Black Law" which prohibited the education of black children from out of state, but Crandall persisted in teaching, and in 1833 was arrested and spent a night in jail. Drawn- outlegal proceedings not leading to success, violence by a mob of Canterbury residents forced the closure of the school in 1834. Crandall left the state snd never returned. Connecticut repealed the Black Law in 1838, and later recognized Crandall with a small pension in 1886, four years before her death. In 1995, the Connecticut General Assembly designated Prudence Crandall as the state's official heroine because she opened the first school in the United States for black girls. The school still stands in Canterbury, and currently houses the Prudence Crandall Museum. It is a National Historic Landmark, and the leading tourist attraction in Canterbury. In 2009 a life-size bronze statue of Prudence Crandall with one of her African-American students was installed in the state capital.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 40.2 square miles (104 km2), of which, 39.9 square miles (103 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (0.62%) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,692 people, 1,717 households, and 1,339 families residing in the town. The population density was 117.6 people per square mile (45.4/km2). There were 1,762 housing units at an average density of 44.2 per square mile (17.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.34% White, 0.36% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.07% of the population.
There were 1,717 households, out of which 37.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.5% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.0% were non-families. 16.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the town, the population was spread out, with 25.7% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $55,547, and the median income for a family was $65,095. Males had a median income of $41,521 versus $28,672 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,317. About 3.5% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.
Canterbury's new administration was elected in November 2019. They will serve through November 2021. Christopher J. Lippke (R) is First Selectman, Mark O. Weeks (R) is Second Selectman, Jonathan T. Lane (D) is Third Selectman. Natalie Ruth Ellston was elected to serve as Town Clerk and Tax Collector of Canterbury CT. Laurie Epler is the hired Town Treasurer.
|Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 29, 2019|
|Party||Active Voters||Inactive Voters||Total Voters||Percentage|
|Presidential Election Results|
|2020||39.2% 1,182||58.3% 1,755||2.5% 75|
|2016||34.5% 932||59.5% 1,609||6.0% 161|
|2012||47.1% 1,197||50.9% 1,294||2.0% 52|
|2008||48.6% 1,334||49.0% 1,345||2.4% 65|
|2004||45.3% 1,193||51.9% 1,370||2.8% 73|
|2000||47.8% 1,085||44.1% 1,001||8.1% 182|
|1996||42.0% 917||36.6% 799||21.4% 466|
|1992||32.3% 754||31.8% 742||35.9% 840|
|1988||37.5% 662||61.5% 1,086||1.0% 17|
|1984||28.2% 450||71.5% 1,141||0.3% 4|
|1980||28.3% 428||61.4% 928||10.3% 155|
|1976||47.0% 610||52.5% 681||0.5% 7|
|1972||30.5% 365||68.1% 816||1.4% 17|
|1968||35.8% 365||55.9% 571||8.3% 84|
|1964||54.9% 535||45.1% 438||0.00% 0|
|1960||41.2% 415||58.8% 592||0.00% 0|
|1956||33.2% 278||66.8% 559||0.00% 0|
Students from grades Kindergarten through 8 are zoned to the Canterbury School District. The district has two schools:
The local elementary school for kindergarten through fourth grades is Canterbury Elementary School, whose mascot is the Kitt Fox. The local middle school for fifth through eighth grades is Dr. Helen Baldwin Middle School, whose mascot is the bulldog.
As Canterbury has no high school of its own, Canterbury students have the option of attending H.H. Ellis Technical High School, Norwich Technical High School, Windham Vocational-Technical High School, Woodstock Academy, Norwich Free Academy, or Griswold Senior High School.