Canton, Mississippi
City of Canton
Madison County Courthouse in Canton
Madison County Courthouse in Canton
Location of Canton, Mississippi
Location of Canton, Mississippi
Canton, Mississippi is located in the United States
Canton, Mississippi
Canton, Mississippi
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 32°36′43″N 90°1′54″W / 32.61194°N 90.03167°W / 32.61194; -90.03167Coordinates: 32°36′43″N 90°1′54″W / 32.61194°N 90.03167°W / 32.61194; -90.03167
CountryUnited States
 • Total21.57 sq mi (55.87 km2)
 • Land21.29 sq mi (55.13 km2)
 • Water0.28 sq mi (0.74 km2)
233 ft (71 m)
 • Total10,948
 • Density514.30/sq mi (198.57/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code601
FIPS code28-11100
GNIS feature ID0691133

Canton is a city in Madison County, Mississippi, United States. The population was 13,189 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Madison County,[2] and situated in the northern part of the metropolitan area surrounding the state capital, Jackson.

Much of Canton is on the National Register of Historic Places. The courthouse square is a historic shopping district and host to the Canton Flea Market. The picturesque Georgian courthouse is particularly notable and often appears in photographic exhibits of the South. The east side of town is a large part of the historic district with many homes.

Although not a major battle site during the Civil War, Canton was important as a rail and logistics center. Many wounded soldiers were treated in or transported through the city, and as a consequence it has a large Confederate cemetery.

Canton is near a large auto manufacturing facility owned by Nissan.


Canton is located at 32°36′43″N 90°1′54″W / 32.61194°N 90.03167°W / 32.61194; -90.03167 (32.612015, -90.031638).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.7 square miles (48 km2), of which 18.6 square miles (48 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.69%) is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
Courthouse Square
Courthouse Square

2020 census

Canton Racial Composition[5]
Race Num. Perc.
White 1,664 15.2%
Black or African American 7,988 72.96%
Native American 33 0.3%
Asian 47 0.43%
Pacific Islander 1 0.01%
Other/Mixed 234 2.14%
Hispanic or Latino 981 8.96%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 10,948 people, 4,774 households, and 2,953 families residing in the city.

2010 census

As of the census[6] of 2010, there were 13,189 people and 4,494 households in the city with an average household size of 2.99. The population density was 621.1 people per square mile (239.8/km2). There were 4,933 housing units. The racial makeup of the city was 19.5% White, 74.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.5% of the population.

The age distribution was 27.5% under the age of 18 and 10.8% 65 or older. 50.8% of the population were female.

The median household income was $33,350. The per capita income for the city was $15,192. About 31.4% of the population were below the poverty line.

2000 census

At the 2000 census, there were 12,911 people in 4,093 households, including 2,991 families, in the city. The population density was 694.1 people per square mile (268.0/km2). There were 4,333 housing units at an average density of 232.9 per square mile (89.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 18.64% White, 80.30% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.14% from other races, and 0.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.43% of the population.

Of the 4,093 households 37.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.4% were married couples living together, 34.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.9% were non-families. 23.8% of households were one person and 10.9% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.55.

The age distribution was 32.3% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% 65 or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.7 males.

The median household income was $24,237 and the median family income was $27,782. Males had a median income of $25,179 versus $20,815 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,643. About 27.7% of families and 34.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 49.8% of those under age 18 and 25.5% of those age 65 or over.


There is a Nissan plant nearby. In 2011 Canton officials considered pursuing annexing it.[7]

Notable people

Mississippi Blues Trail

Canton is officially on the Mississippi Blues Trail. Elmore James, a blues singer and a familiar figure in Canton, learned electronics by working in a radio repair shop on Hickory Street. Canton is rich in blues history centered on the juke joints of Hickory Street, known to locals as "The Hollow", as well as other places in Canton. A Mississippi Blues Trail historic marker was placed in Canton on Hickory Street to honor the contribution of James to the development of the blues in Mississippi. Other noted blues performers associated with Canton include Grady Champion, Little Brother Montgomery, William “Do-Boy” Diamond, Boyd Rivers and Johnny Temple. Musicians include studio guitarist Bucky Barrett and the slide guitarist Sonny Landreth. Gospel singers include the Canton Spirituals and Reverend Cleophus Robinson.[11]

In his dedication of Hickory Street, Governor Haley Barbour said,

With his innovative contributions to the electric slide guitar style, legendary Elmore

James is among the many reasons Mississippi is truly the birthplace of America’s music. Like so many others, Elmore’s work was greatly influenced by his childhood home in Canton, where he joined the ranks of musicians like B.B. King and Little Milton to play the blues on Hickory Street. Today’s blues trail marker not only recognizes the achievements of the talented Elmore James but also pays tribute

to Canton’s colorful blues heritage.[11]


The city of Canton is served by the Canton Public School District and Canton High School. Canton Academy is a segregation academy in the area.

In popular culture


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Canton has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[12]

January February March April May June
Average High in °F: 55 60 68 76 83 89
Average Low in °F: 33 36 43 50 59 67
Average Precipitation in Inch: 5.16 5 4.92 5.2 5.43 3.7
July August September October November December
Average High in °F: 92 92 87 78 67 58
Average Low in °F: 69 69 62 50 41 34
Average Precipitation in Inch: 3.82 3.58 3.46 4.02 4.72 5.59



  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
  5. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved 2021-12-08.
  6. ^ "Canton (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". Archived from the original on 2015-09-05. Retrieved 2015-07-27.
  7. ^ "Canton considering annexing Nissan plant". WLBT. 2011-05-06. Retrieved 2021-07-01.
  8. ^ "Sister Thea Bowman Home". Canton Tourism.
  9. ^ Ownby, Ted; Wilson, Charles Reagan; Abadie, Ann J.; Lindsey, Odie; Jr, James G. Thomas (2017-05-25). "Brown-Wright, Flozie (Goodloe) b. 1942, activist". The Mississippi Encyclopedia. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 147. ISBN 978-1-4968-1159-2.
  10. ^ Career statistics. Retrieved on 5 December 2015.
  11. ^ a b "Canton To Honor Blues Legend with Mississippi Blues Trail Marker" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-10-04. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
  12. ^ a b "Canton, Mississippi Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2015-07-27.