Canton of Linth
Kanton Linth
Canton of the Helvetic Republic
1798–1803
Kantone Linth und Saentis.png

Cantons of Säntis (orange) and Linth (green)
CapitalGlarus
History
History 
April 12, 1798
• Canton established
June 17 1798
February 19, 1803 1803
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Glarus
Canton of Glarus
Schwyz
Canton of Schwyz
Uznach
County of Uznach
Toggenburg
County of Toggenburg
Werdenberg
County of Werdenberg
Canton of St. Gallen
Canton of St. Gallen
Canton of Glarus
Glarus
Canton of Schwyz
Schwyz

Linth was a canton of the Helvetic Republic from 1798 to 1803, consisting of Glarus and its subject County of Werdenberg, the Höfe and March districts of Schwyz and the Züricher subject Lordship of Sax, along with a handful of shared territories.

Administration

The canton contained approximately 78,500 inhabitants. Like all the cantons of the Helvetic Republic, Linth was established and administered on a French Revolutionary model. Linth and was divided administratively into seven districts

capital Werdenberg, 30 electors, approx. 10,500 inhabitants
capital Neu St. Johann, 30 electors, approx. 11,600 inhabitants
capital Mels, 25 electors, approx. 9,800 inhabitants
capital Schwanden, 29 electors, approx. 10,100 inhabitants
capital Glarus, 38 electors, 12,700 inhabitants
capital Schänis, 29 electors, 11,900 inhabitants
capital Rapperswil, 29 electors, 11,800 inhabitants

Chronology

The brief tenure of office of the cantonal heads Joachim Heer (1798), Johann Jakob Heussi (1798–99), Felix Christoph Cajetan Fuchs (1799), Niklaus Heer (1799–1802), and Franz Josef Büeler (1802–03) reflected the military and political turmoil plaguing the region, which was under French occupation from 1799, during the War of the Second Coalition, with serious effects on the local economy.

The mainly-Roman Catholic canton acquired a strong aversion to the centralised nature of the government of the Helvetic Republic, even though the canton was mainly composed of territories previously subject to the Old Swiss Confederation, rather than any of the Dreizehn Orte, and even though all citizens of the republic had equal rights. The canton sided only very reluctantly with the French Revolutionary Army. Initial fervour for public education waned as the pressure from the central government was relaxed.

Upper Toggenburg was transferred to the canton of Säntis in 1801, but the canton as a whole existed until the Act of Mediation on March 10, 1803.

Eastern Switzerland in 1798, with shared territories in grey and associate members of the Confederacy outlined  .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}     Canton of Glarus and the County of Werdenberg      Canton of Schwyz      Canton of Zürich and Lordship of Sax      Appenzell Ausserrhoden      Appenzell Innerrhoden      Shared territories of the Confederacy       Imperial Abbey of St. Gall      Free Imperial City of St. Gallen      Three Leagues
Eastern Switzerland in 1798, with shared territories in grey and associate members of the Confederacy outlined

    Three Leagues Three Leagues

References