Cao Li
Prince of Yuancheng (元城王)
Tenure225 – May or June 229
SuccessorCao Ti
Prince of Jingzhao (京兆王)
Duke of Qin (秦公)
DiedMay or June 229 (aged 21)[2][a]
Family name: Cao (曹)
Given name: Li (禮)
Posthumous name
Prince Ai (哀王)
HouseHouse of Cao
FatherCao Pi
MotherConsort Xu

Cao Li (208 – May or June 229)[1] was a prince in the state of Cao Wei in the Three Kingdoms period of China. He was a son of Cao Pi, the first emperor of Wei. His mother, Consort Xu (徐姬), was a concubine of Cao Pi.[4] He had two full sisters: the elder one was Princess Linfen (臨汾公主) while the younger one, who was unnamed, died early.[5] Cao Li was enfeoffed as the Duke of Qin (秦公) in 221, with his dukedom in Jingzhao Commandery (京兆郡). In 222, he was elevated to the status of Prince of Jingzhao (京兆王). In 225, his title was changed to Prince of Yuancheng (元城王).[6] He died in 229 during the reign of his half-brother Cao Rui. He has no offspring.[2]

In 231, Since Cao Li had no descendants, Cao Rui designated Cao Ti (曹悌), a son of Cao Kai (曹楷) and grandson of Cao Zhang, as Cao Li's heir; Cao Ti thus became the new Prince of Yuancheng. In 232, Cao Ti's title was changed to Prince of Liang (梁王). Throughout the reigns of the subsequent Wei emperors, the number of taxable households in Cao Ti's princedom increased until it reached 4,500.[7]

See also


  1. ^ Cao Rui's biography in the Sanguozhi recorded that Cao Li died in the 4th month of the 3rd year of the Taihe era of Cao Rui's reign.[3] This month corresponds to 11 May to 9 June 229 in the Gregorian calendar.


  1. ^ a b (建安十三年,生元城王禮。) Sanguozhi buzhu vol. 1.
  2. ^ a b (太和三年薨。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  3. ^ ([太和]三年夏四月,元城王禮薨。) Sanguozhi vol. 3.
  4. ^ (文皇帝九男: ... 徐姬生元城哀王禮, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  5. ^ (徐姬者,京兆新豐人也,有容色。太祖將定冀州,文帝之在黎陽,納以為姬,甚有寵。生二女,長即臨汾公主,次早卒。) Sanguozhi buzhu vol. 1.
  6. ^ (元城哀王禮,黃初二年封秦公,以京兆郡為國。三年,改為京兆王。六年,改封元城王。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  7. ^ ([太和]五年,以任城王楷子悌嗣禮後。六年,改封梁王。景初、正元、景元中,累增邑,并前四千五百戶。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.