Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Mauritania. However, it is considered "Abolitionist in Practice" due to having a moratorium on executions since 1987. Mauritania last executed in 1987.[1]

Mauritania has an unenforced death penalty for homosexuality; there have been no reported death sentences for homosexual acts.[2][3] Mauritania also has the death penalty for blasphemy. A law was passed in 2018 making capital punishment the mandatory sentence for blasphemy.[4]


  1. ^ "Abolitionist and retentionist countries (as of July 2018)". Amnesty International. 23 October 2018. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  2. ^ Bearak, Max; Cameron, Darla (16 June 2016). "Analysis – Here are the 10 countries where homosexuality may be punished by death". The Washington Post. Lawyers in the country and other experts disagree on whether federal law prescribes the death penalty for consensual homosexual sex or only for rape. In a recent Amnesty International report, the organization said it was not aware of any death sentences for homosexual acts.
  3. ^ Mendos, Lucas Ramón (2019). State-Sponsored Homophobia 2019 (PDF). Geneva: ILGA. p. 347.
  4. ^ "Mauritania: Mandatory Death Penalty for Blasphemy". Human Rights Watch. 4 May 2018. Retrieved 25 July 2022.