Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Mauritania. However, it is considered "Abolitionist in Practice" due to having a moratorium on executions since 1987. Mauritania last executed in 1987.
Mauritania has an unenforced death penalty for homosexuality; there have been no reported death sentences for homosexual acts. Mauritania also has the death penalty for blasphemy. A law was passed in 2018 making capital punishment the mandatory sentence for blasphemy.
Lawyers in the country and other experts disagree on whether federal law prescribes the death penalty for consensual homosexual sex or only for rape. In a recent Amnesty International report, the organization said it was not aware of any death sentences for homosexual acts.