Capital punishment is abolished in Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

Venezuela was the first country (still existing) in the world to abolish the death penalty for all crimes, doing so by Constitution in 1864.[1] San Marino had abolished the death penalty only for ordinary crimes in 1848, abolishing it for all crimes in 1865.

Costa Rica followed suit in 1877, making Venezuela one of just three countries to have abolished the death penalty by 1900.[2][3][4]


  1. ^ Hood, Roger; Hoyle, Carolyn (2008). The death penalty: a worldwide perspective. New York: Oxford University Press, USA. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-19-922846-1.
  2. ^ Determinants of the death penalty: a comparative study of the world, Carsten Anckar, Routledge, 2004, ISBN 0-415-33398-9, p.17
  3. ^ Death Penalty: Beyond Abolition, Council of Europe, 2004, ISBN 92-871-5332-9, p.32
  4. ^ "THE DEATH PENALTY: ABOLITION GAINS GROUND" Archived March 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, Martine Jacot, UNESCO Courier, October 1999