.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Italian. (May 2019) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Italian article. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 2,953 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Italian Wikipedia article at [[:it:Carnaroli]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|it|Carnaroli)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Grains of dried Carnaroli rice
Grains of dried Carnaroli rice

Carnaroli is an Italian medium-grained rice grown in the Pavia, Novara and Vercelli provinces of northern Italy. Carnaroli is used for making risotto, differing from the more common arborio rice due to its higher starch content and firmer texture, as well as having a longer grain.[1] Carnaroli rice keeps its shape better than other forms of rice during the slow cooking required for making risotto due to its higher amylose content. It is the most widely used rice in Italian cuisine, and is highly prized.

History

The history of Carnaroli is not well defined,[2] the sources date its birth to 1945 thanks to the crossing between Vialone and Lencino, following the numerous attempts made in various provinces. This variety was named after Professor Emiliano Carnaroli, President of the "Ente Nazionale Risi" (National Rice Body) at that time. [3]

The first registration of the Carnaroli variety in the Varietal Register is from 1974 and the responsibility for the conservation in purity was entrusted to Achille De Vecchi.

In 1983, after the conservation tasks were passed to the "Ente Nazionale Risi",[2] it was re-registered in the national register and the person responsible for conservation in purity became the National Organism itself. [4]

It is often described as a "superfino" rice or as "the king of rices".[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Ponzio, Michael (2011). Cibo: Anybody's Guide to Italian Cooking. AuthorHouse. p. 64. ISBN 9781452039015.
  2. ^ a b di chiamarsi carnaroli
  3. ^ "Tutti vogliono il Carnaroli". La Stampa (in Italian). 28 June 1987. The merit is of the farm "De Vecchi" of Paullo (Milan) which decided to baptize the new variety with the name of a manager of the National Rice Authority, Carnaroli
  4. ^ "Caratterizzazione sensoriale e chimico-merceologica di risi (III)" (PDF). ERSAF. 2015. Retrieved 6 April 2020.