This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages) This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Caserta" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (May 2022) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Italian. (January 2010) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Italian article. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Italian Wikipedia article at [[:it:Caserta]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|it|Caserta)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation. (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Caserta
Skyline
Skyline
Flag of Caserta
Coat of arms of Caserta
Location of Caserta
Caserta is located in Italy
Caserta
Caserta
Location of Caserta in Italy
Caserta is located in Campania
Caserta
Caserta
Caserta (Campania)
Coordinates: 41°04′N 14°20′E / 41.067°N 14.333°E / 41.067; 14.333Coordinates: 41°04′N 14°20′E / 41.067°N 14.333°E / 41.067; 14.333
CountryItaly
RegionCampania
ProvinceCaserta (CE)
FrazioniAldifreda, Briano, Casertavecchia, Casola, Casolla, Centurano, Ercole, Falciano, Garzano, Mezzano, Piedimonte di Casolla, Pozzovetere, Puccianiello, Sala di Caserta, San Benedetto, San Clemente, San Leucio, Santa Barbara, Staturano, Tredici, Tuoro, Vaccheria
Government
 • MayorCarlo Marino
Area
 • Total54.07 km2 (20.88 sq mi)
Elevation
68 m (223 ft)
Population
 (1 January 2016)[2]
 • Total76,326
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
DemonymCasertani
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
81100 (Caserta), 81020 (Caserta Vecchia, Casola di Caserta)
Dialing code0823
Patron saintSt. Sebastian and St. Anne
Saint dayJanuary 20 and July 26
WebsiteOfficial website

Caserta (Italian pronunciation: [kaˈzɛrta] (listen)) is the capital of the province of Caserta in the Campania region of Italy. It is an important agricultural, commercial, and industrial comune and city. Caserta is located on the edge of the Campanian plain at the foot of the Campanian Subapennine mountain range. The city is best known for the Royal Palace of Caserta.

History

Anciently inhabited by Osco-Samnite tribes, modern Caserta was established around the defensive tower built in Lombard times by Pando, Prince of Capua. Pando destroyed the original city around 863. The tower is now part of the Palazzo della Prefettura that was once the seat of the counts of Caserta, as well as a royal residence. The original population moved from Casertavecchia (former bishopric seat) to the current site in the sixteenth century. Casertavecchia was built on the Roman town of Casa Irta, meaning "home village located above" and later contracted as "Caserta".

The city and vicinity were the property of the Acquaviva family who, being pressed by huge debts, sold all the land to the royal family. The royal family then selected Caserta for the construction of their new palace which, being inland, was seen as more defensible than the previous palace fronting the Bay of Naples.

At the end of World War II, the royal palace served as the seat of the Supreme Allied Commander. The first Allied war trial took place there in 1945; German general Anton Dostler was sentenced to death and executed nearby, in Aversa.[3]

Pope Francis visited Caserta on Monday, 28 June 2014, together with a friend named Giovanni Traettino, the pastor of an evangelical, charismatic-Pentecostal Protestant church. The Pope apologized for the complicity of some Catholics in the persecution of Protestant Pentecostals during the fascist regime in Italy.[4]

Geography

Caserta is located 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of Naples. Its municipality borders with Capua, Casagiove, Casapulla, Castel Morrone, Curti, Limatola (BN), Maddaloni, Marcianise, Recale, San Felice a Cancello, San Marco Evangelista, San Nicola la Strada, San Prisco, Sant'Agata de' Goti (BN), Santa Maria Capua Vetere, and Valle di Maddaloni.

Frazioni

Climate

The city of Caserta is located in the largest flat area of Campania and is surrounded by the Apennine mountains. The particular position favors the beneficial influences of the sea which, especially in winter, makes temperatures mild. During the summer season, this area is one of the hottest in the region, with maximum temperatures sometimes exceeding 30 degrees. The inland areas extend to the surrounding mountains, often affected by the cold currents of the north-east with fairly low temperatures and snow in winter. The Matese is the coldest and snowiest in the whole area.

Honors

The city of Caserta distinguished itself during the Second World War, in fact, it was decorated with the gold medal for civil valor and the bronze medal for military valor for the heroic actions and losses suffered during the war. The city was fiercely bombed and suffered a violent reprisal, but it managed to resist and, with the return of peace, all the people collaborated in the reconstruction of Caserta.

Government

See also: List of mayors of Caserta

Carlo Marino, mayor of Caserta was elected mayor of Caserta in June 2016 with 62.74%.[5]

Main sights

As one of the most visited monuments in Italy, the palace has more than 1200 rooms, decorated in various styles. It has been the set for several famous movies such as Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace, Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones, Angels & Demons, and Mission: Impossible III. The park is 2 miles (3.2 km) long and contains many waterfalls, lakes, and gardens, including a very famous English garden.

Piazzas

Gallery

Sports

The city has some experience in hosting major international sports events, such as the EuroBasket 1969.

It is home to Juvecaserta Basket, Italy's 1991 basketball champion.

Transport

Caserta railway station is a hub for regional and national traffic, and represents an important interchange linking Rome and Naples to Bari. The nearest airport is Naples-Capodichino, located approximately 30 kilometres (19 mi) south.

Caserta is the starting point of the A30 motorway to Salerno and is served by two exits of A1 motorway: Caserta Nord (Caserta North, near Casagiove and Casapulla) and Caserta Sud (Caserta South, near Marcianise and San Marco Evangelista).

Twin towns — sister cities

Caserta is twinned with:

Notable people

See also: Category:People from Caserta

Yenni Apperti, Planetary Fellow of Raggio dell'Raggio Planetary Centre & "orthopedist"

See also

References

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ Anthony Cave Brown (1984). The last hero: Wild Bill Donovan. Vintage Books. ISBN 9780394723051.
  4. ^ Fournier K. A. Spiritual Ecumenism: Pope Francis Visits Evangelical/Pentecostal Church in Caserta Italy at Catholic Online. Accessed 26 October 2014
  5. ^ "Carlo Marino eletto all'unanimità nuovo presidente di Anci Campania: tutte le foto - Anci-Campania". www.ancicampania.it. Archived from the original on 2019-10-21.
  6. ^ Caserta War Cemetery at Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Accessed 26 October 2014