Casino
New South Wales
Casinowalkerst.jpg
Walker Street shopping precinct in Casino
Casino is located in New South Wales
Casino
Casino
Coordinates28°52′0″S 153°03′0″E / 28.86667°S 153.05000°E / -28.86667; 153.05000Coordinates: 28°52′0″S 153°03′0″E / 28.86667°S 153.05000°E / -28.86667; 153.05000
Population9,982 (2016 census)[1]
Postcode(s)2470
Elevation26 m (85 ft)[2]
Location
LGA(s)Richmond Valley Council
State electorate(s)Clarence
Federal division(s)Page
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
26.8 °C
80 °F
13.1 °C
56 °F
1,097.5 mm
43.2 in
Barker St., Casino
Barker St., Casino

Casino is a town in the Northern Rivers area of New South Wales, Australia, with a population of 10,914 people at the 2016 census.[1] It lies on the banks of the Richmond River and is situated at the junction of the Bruxner Highway and the Summerland Way.

It is located 726 km (451 mi) north of Sydney and 228 km (142 mi) south of Brisbane.

Overview

Casino is the seat of the Richmond Valley Council, a local government area.

Settlement of the area began in 1840 when pastoral squatters George Robert Stapleton and his business partner, Mr. Clay, set up a cattle station which they initially called Cassino after Cassino (near Monte Cassino) in Italy.[3][4][5] The town now has a sister city agreement with the Italian village.[6][7]

Casino is among Australia's largest beef centres. It is the regional hub of a very large cattle industry and positions itself as the "Beef Capital" of Australia,[8][9] although the city of Rockhampton also claims this title. In addition it is the service centre for a rich agricultural area.

Each year the town celebrates Casino Beef Week. It was not held in 2007 but since that year, has continued to be held and celebrated with the 2019 one being held from 18 to 28 May.[10] The Richmond River runs through the town separating South Casino from the rest of the town.

Climate

Casino experiences a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cfa, Trewartha: Cfal), with hot, humid summers and mild, comfortably dry winters.[11]

Climate data for Casino Airport AWS, New South Wales, Australia (1995–present normals and extremes); 21 m AMSL
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 43.2
(109.8)
45.7
(114.3)
39.6
(103.3)
34.3
(93.7)
31.8
(89.2)
31.0
(87.8)
28.8
(83.8)
36.3
(97.3)
40.2
(104.4)
40.7
(105.3)
44.1
(111.4)
42.5
(108.5)
45.7
(114.3)
Mean maximum °C (°F) 35.2
(95.4)
33.9
(93.0)
31.7
(89.1)
29.2
(84.6)
26.2
(79.2)
23.7
(74.7)
24.1
(75.4)
26.6
(79.9)
30.4
(86.7)
33.0
(91.4)
34.1
(93.4)
35.5
(95.9)
35.5
(95.9)
Average high °C (°F) 30.6
(87.1)
29.7
(85.5)
28.4
(83.1)
26.0
(78.8)
23.2
(73.8)
20.7
(69.3)
20.8
(69.4)
22.7
(72.9)
25.8
(78.4)
27.6
(81.7)
29.0
(84.2)
30.1
(86.2)
26.2
(79.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.9
(76.8)
24.3
(75.7)
23.1
(73.6)
20.1
(68.2)
16.9
(62.4)
14.6
(58.3)
13.7
(56.7)
14.9
(58.8)
18.1
(64.6)
20.5
(68.9)
22.5
(72.5)
24.0
(75.2)
19.8
(67.6)
Average low °C (°F) 19.1
(66.4)
18.9
(66.0)
17.7
(63.9)
14.1
(57.4)
10.5
(50.9)
8.4
(47.1)
6.6
(43.9)
7.0
(44.6)
10.3
(50.5)
13.4
(56.1)
15.9
(60.6)
17.9
(64.2)
13.3
(56.0)
Mean minimum °C (°F) 15.6
(60.1)
15.8
(60.4)
14.4
(57.9)
10.4
(50.7)
6.0
(42.8)
3.6
(38.5)
1.9
(35.4)
2.8
(37.0)
5.9
(42.6)
8.5
(47.3)
11.8
(53.2)
13.9
(57.0)
1.9
(35.4)
Record low °C (°F) 11.4
(52.5)
11.0
(51.8)
9.0
(48.2)
4.4
(39.9)
0.6
(33.1)
−0.7
(30.7)
−2.2
(28.0)
−3.5
(25.7)
−1.1
(30.0)
4.3
(39.7)
6.0
(42.8)
10.9
(51.6)
−3.5
(25.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 131.0
(5.16)
162.5
(6.40)
146.5
(5.77)
68.5
(2.70)
80.8
(3.18)
75.0
(2.95)
32.1
(1.26)
43.3
(1.70)
32.6
(1.28)
68.2
(2.69)
106.6
(4.20)
137.6
(5.42)
1,084.7
(42.71)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 9.2 10.2 11.4 8.2 7.2 6.5 4.7 4.3 4.7 7.3 8.8 10.0 92.5
Average relative humidity (%) 64.5 68.5 69.0 63.0 65.5 65.0 59.5 54.0 51.0 52.5 59.0 59.5 60.9
Average dew point °C (°F) 18.2
(64.8)
18.6
(65.5)
17.3
(63.1)
14.2
(57.6)
11.8
(53.2)
9.5
(49.1)
7.4
(45.3)
7.3
(45.1)
9.9
(49.8)
12.1
(53.8)
14.8
(58.6)
16.7
(62.1)
13.2
(55.7)
Source: Australian Bureau of Meteorology (temperature, precipitation, humidity- 1992-present normals and extremes)[12]

Population

According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 10,914 people in Casino.

Transport

Casino railway station is situated on the main North Coast railway line between Sydney and Brisbane, north of Grafton. A branch line ran via Lismore to Murwillumbah; that line has since been closed, although lobbying is taking place to re-open it.[13][14] Casino railway station is the terminus of the daily Casino XPT from Sydney and there is a daily service to and from Brisbane via the Brisbane XPT.

In the 1920s, a never completed railway branch line to Bonalbo was started. A line was also proposed from Casino via Tabulam[15] and even a line all the way to Tenterfield,[16]

A Miniature Railway is situated next to the Casino Golf Club. The railway operates on Sundays between 10am and 4pm on a 2.5km stretch of track, with a museum at the end. A round trip is usually 25 minutes however on busier days it can vary.

Casino is serviced by Lismore Airport with several daily flights to Sydney.

Northern Rivers Buslines operates rural services to Lismore (670) and Kyogle (675) each weekday, with one return service to Tenterfield available on Monday, Wednesday and Friday.

Casino Bus Service operates local town loops, including a loop service to Gays Hill.

Among its many schools are the main ones: Casino High School, Casino Public School, Casino West Public School, St. Mary's Primary School, St. Mary's Catholic College School and Casino Christian Community School.

Heritage listings

Casino has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Location for filming

The 2014 drama series The Gods of Wheat Street was set and partly filmed in Casino.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Casino (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 19 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
    CC-BY icon.svg
    Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
  2. ^ "Casino". Climate Averages for Australian Sites. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 24 November 2006.
  3. ^ "Early Bay History". The Richmond River Herald And Northern Districts Advertiser. New South Wales, Australia. 19 November 1937. p. 7. Retrieved 12 October 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  4. ^ "Casino". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Edit this at Wikidata
  5. ^ "Place Names". The Australian Women's Weekly. 13 May 1964. p. 61. Retrieved 22 February 2011 – via National Library of Australia.
  6. ^ "Minutes Ordinary Meeting" (PDF). Richmond Valley Council. 16 July 2002. p. 32. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2005. Retrieved 7 August 2008.
  7. ^ "Minutes Ordinary Meeting" (PDF). Richmond Valley Council. 18 March 2003. p. 42. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2005. Retrieved 7 August 2008.
  8. ^ George, Thomas (30 May 2000). "Northern Star Casino Beef Week 2000". Hansard. Parliament of New South Wales. Archived from the original on 10 September 2007. Retrieved 10 August 2008. I speak about Casino, the true beef capital of Australia
  9. ^ "Casino Tourism". Casino Tourist Information Centre. Retrieved 10 August 2008.
  10. ^ Beef Week Beef Week
  11. ^ "Casino climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Casino weather averages - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org. Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  12. ^ "Casino Airport AWS, NSW Climate (1992-present normals and extremes)". Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  13. ^ "No plans to reopen line". Retrieved 25 May 2009.
  14. ^ "State Nationals member lobbies to reopen line". Retrieved 25 May 2009.
  15. ^ "COUNTRY NEWS". Daily Mail. No. 5393. Brisbane. 2 January 1920. p. 2. Retrieved 1 April 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  16. ^ "Casino-Tenterfield Railway". The Richmond River Express and Casino Kyogle Advertiser. New South Wales. 17 December 1920. p. 4. Retrieved 1 April 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  17. ^ "Casino Post Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment & Heritage. H01405. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  18. ^ "Old Casino Railway Station". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment & Heritage. H01216. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  19. ^ "Casino Railway Station and yard group". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment & Heritage. H01111. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  20. ^ L Daley. "Irving, Clark (1808–1865)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
Preceding station TfNSW T.png NSW TrainLink Following station
Kyogle
toward Brisbane
NSW TrainLink North Coast Line
Brisbane XPT
Grafton
toward Sydney
Terminus NSW TrainLink North Coast Line
Casino XPT