Cebu Monorail Transit System
Overview
OwnerUdenna Corporation
Area servedCebu Province
LocaleMetro Cebu
Transit typeStraddle-beam monorail
Airport rail link
Number of lines2
Number of stations20 total
HeadquartersMactan–Cebu International Airport
Operation
Operation will startJune 2022 (planned)
Operator(s)Philtram Transit Consortium
CharacterElevated
Rolling stockBombardier Innovia Monorail
Train length26 to 100 m (85 to 328 ft)
Technical
System length27 km (17 mi)
No. of tracks2 monorail beams
Top speed80 km/h (50 mph)

The Cebu Monorail Transit System, simply known as the Cebu Monorail, is a proposed monorail rapid transit system to be built in Metro Cebu, Philippines. Originally proposed by the Japanese in 2015 as the Cebu MRT System, it was revised to a light rail line in the late 2010s, dubbed the Cebu Light Rail Transit System or Cebu LRT. It was then again revised to its present form in late 2019.

The system consists of two lines, one in mainland Cebu named the Central Line and another leading to the Mactan–Cebu International Airport, named the Airport Line. The system was originally set to begin construction in 2021 and to partially open before year-end. The entire system sought for full operations by May or June 2022. As of February 2021, the project is still awaiting approval with relevant government bodies.

Background

See also: Panay Railways § Cebu line

The island of Cebu was historically served by the 57 mi (92 km) Cebu Line of the Philippine Railway Company between 1911 and 1942. After the war has destroyed the system, it was never repaired and was eventually dismantled. Since the 1970s, there were already proposals to rebuild the Cebu Line although none of these plans went into fruition.[1]

Development

The first contemporary proposal to rebuild a rail-based public transit system in Cebu was when the Japan International Cooperation Agency created The Roadmap Study for Sustainable Urban Development in Metro Cebu and proposed it to the Aquino administration in April 2015. JICA introduced a five-line concept as part of the study. The proposal would have included four MRT lines: North, South, Central, and Mactan lines, as well as an automated guideway transit line named the AGT-CML Line. The first to be constructed would have been the AGT-CML Line with a target completion date by 2021, followed by the MRT Central Line between 2021 and 2030. The other MRT lines are supposed for opening before 2050.[2]

Proposals for such an MRT system were later abandoned, and the Cebu Light Rail Transit System (Cebu LRT) was introduced by the Cebu City government in 2018. The line would have featured the same characteristics as Manila LRT Line 1, and were complemented by the Cebu Bus Rapid Transit System and a monorail leading to Lapu-Lapu City in Mactan. The project initially had a targeted opening date by 2020 but it was postponed.[3] On May 26, 2019, plans for the Metropolitan Cebu Development and Coordinating Board to be legally reorganized into the Metro Cebu Development Authority was announced, so it can get better access to resources to fund projects such as the Cebu LRT. The system was then was announced to be opened by 2022.[4]

However, the project was again revised to its present form on May 28, just two days after the announcement. Dennis Uy's Udenna Corporation, a Davao City-based company, proposed a monorail instead of a light rail system in 2018. Udenna's infrastructure head Michael Jamonir stated that a monorail would cost less to construct and operate than an LRT system.[5] As of 2019, the project costs ₱77.57 billion (US$1.53 billion).[6]

Earlier in 2017, the Philtram Transportation Consortium (Philtram) was established. The group comprises Udenna, SYSTRA Philippines, CRRC Nanjing Puzhen, and Bombardier Transportation, among others.[7] By 2020, Philtram announced its interest in building the Cebu Monorail.[8] Department of Transportation Secretary Arthur Tugade announced that both the Cebu BRT and the Cebu Monorail will be complete before the end of 2021.[9]

Design

The Cebu Monorail will be a fully-elevated monorail system comprising two lines, the Central Line and the Airport Line. It will be capable of handling up to 15,000 per direction per hour. The maximum speed in the system will be 80 kilometers per hour (50 miles per hour).[8]

Lines

Central Line

The Central Line will be 17.7 kilometers (11.0 miles) long and will have 14 stations. It will connect downtown Cebu City with Talisay. There will also be a connection with the Airport Line somewhere in Cebu City.[9] So far, stations from these areas have been allotted: Talisay, Bulacao, Cebu South Bus Terminal, Kamputhaw, Mabolo and Kasambagan.[10]

Airport Line

The Airport Line will be 9.3 kilometers (5.8 miles) long and will have 6 stations connecting Cebu City with Mactan.[9] Its depot will be located near the Mactan–Cebu International Airport.[8] None of the stations have been named asides from one located in the vicinity of the airport.

Extensions

There will be an extension of the Central Line to Linao in Talisay City and to Liloan via Mandaue.[10]

Rolling stock

The system will use the Bombardier Innovia Monorail 300 series trainsets originally to be built by Bombardier Transportation.[11] However, Alstom purchased Bombardier Transportation after the consortium was announced on January 29, 2021.[12] Licensed production will also be conducted by CRRC Nanjing Puzhen of China as part of the Belt and Road Initiative.[7]

According to one of Udenna's partners in the consortium, Jose Guardo's Maglevvision Philippines, the Innovia trainsets will initially use Bombardier's regular monorail technology on prefabricated precast post-tension concrete guide beams. It will be eventually replaced by Guardo's spin-induced Lenz's law magnetic levitation technology. These can also be arranged from 2- to 8-car trainsets from 26 to 100 meters (85 to 328 feet) long.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ Palmera, Erica Jean (May 15, 2014). "The old Cebu Railway". The Philippine Star. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  2. ^ Public Transportation Introduced by 2030 (PDF). The Roadmap Study for Sustainable Urban Development in Metro Cebu (Report). Japan International Cooperation Agency. April 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  3. ^ Mercurio, Richmond (December 10, 2018). "DOTr eyes operation of Cebu LRT, BRT by 2020". philstar.com. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  4. ^ Saavedra, John Rey (May 26, 2019). "Cebu LRT seen operational by 2022". www.pna.gov.ph. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  5. ^ Ilano, Marites (May 28, 2019). "Udenna drops LRT, eyes monorail for Cebu". SunStar Manila.
  6. ^ "Cebu Monorail Transit System Project". www.ppp.gov.ph. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  7. ^ a b c Guardo, Jose. "Philtram monorail PPT". Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  8. ^ a b c Maylan, Mark (February 5, 2021). "Cebu Monorail: Fast-Tracking Decongestion of Cebu's Worsening Traffic". Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  9. ^ a b c Saavedra, John Rey (January 20, 2021). "Cebu BRT project partially operational before yearend: Tugade". www.pna.gov.ph. Philippine News Agency. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  10. ^ a b Department of Transportation and Egis documents, via "Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Is Set To Go On Full Swing On Its Operation". www.cebunibai.com. March 6, 2020. Retrieved May 6, 2021.
  11. ^ Philtram Presentation. Philtram Transportation Consortium, through the Philippine Train Enthusiasts and Railfans Club (PTERC). August 28, 2020.
  12. ^ "Bombardier sells train-making division to French multinational Alstom". CBC News. February 17, 2020. Retrieved February 18, 2020.