Logo of the BCRP
Central Reserve Bank Building
|Headquarters||Jr. Santa Rosa de Lima, 441-445|
|Established||March 9, 1922|
|Ownership||100% state ownership|
|President||Julio Velarde Flores|
|Central bank of||Peru|
PEN (ISO 4217)
|Reserves||59 400 million USD|
|Interest rate target||2.75%|
The Central Reserve Bank of Peru (Spanish: Banco Central de Reserva del Perú; BCRP) is the Peruvian central bank. It mints and issues metal and paper money, the sol.
Its branch in Arequipa was established in 1871, and it served the city by issuing money as well as maintaining a good reputation for savings accounts in Southern Peru. It is the equivalent of the Federal Reserve of the United States or the European Central Bank in Europe.
The Constitution states that the purpose of the Central Reserve Bank is to preserve monetary stability. The Central Reserve Bank's target annual inflation is 2.0 percent, with a tolerance of one percentage point upward and downward; its policies are aimed at achieving that goal.
The Constitution also assigns the following functions to the Central Reserve Bank: regulating currency and credit of the financial system, administering the international reserves in its care, issuing banknotes and coins, reporting regularly to the country on national finances, and managing the profitability of funds.