The centre promotes historical, theological, and social scientific research in the field of World Christianity – broadly speaking, Christianity in Africa, Asia, Latin America, Oceania, and eastern Europe, as well as diasporic forms of non-Western Christianity emerging in contexts such as Western Europe and North America. Closely related to the centre is the peer-reviewed academic journal Studies in World Christianity, published three times a year. The centre is one of the main sponsors of the Yale-Edinburgh Group on the History of the Missionary Movement and World Christianity, and maintains its own research archive.
Some notable books produced by scholars affiliated with the Centre include:
Adogame, Afeosemime U (2013). The African Christian Diaspora: New Currents and Emerging Trends in World Christianity. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN978-1441188588.
——— (2002). The Cross-Cultural Process in Christian History: Studies in the Transmission and Appropriation of Faith. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books. ISBN978-1570753732.
——— (2017). Crossing Cultural Frontiers: Studies in the History of World Christianity. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books. ISBN978-1-62698-258-1.
As part of the School of Divinity, it offers a one-year MTh teaching program and a PhD research degree producing, by the first decade of the twenty first century, 129 MTh and 65 PhD theses. Some of the centre's notable alumni include:
Siga Arles, director of the Centre for Contemporary Christianity, Bangalore, India
Kwame Bediako, former rector for the Afroki-Christaller Institute for Theology, Mission and Culture, Akropong, Ghana
Jonathan Bonk, executive director emeritus of the Overseas Ministries Study Center in New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.A.
^"Collection". Centre for the Study of World Christianity. 20 March 2014. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
Stanley, Brian (2011). "Founding the Centre for the Study of Christianity in the Non-Western World". In Burrows, William R.; Gornik, Mark R.; McLean, Janice A. (eds.). Understanding World Christianity: The Vision and Work of Andrew F. Walls. Orbis Books. pp. 51–59. ISBN9781608330218.