Chaenomeles speciosa
WitteHeinrichFlora1868-035-Chaenomeles speciosa.png
Illustration by A.J. Wendel, 1868
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Chaenomeles
C. speciosa
Binomial name
Chaenomeles speciosa

Chaenomeles speciosa, the flowering quince, Chinese quince, or Japanese quince[2] (in the context of traditional Chinese medicine known as zhou pi mugua (皱皮木瓜)),[3][4] is a thorny deciduous or semi-evergreen shrub native to eastern Asia. It is taller than another commonly cultivated species, C. japonica, usually growing to about 2 m (6 ft 7 in).[2] The flowers are usually red, but may be white or pink. The fruit is a fragrant but hard pome that resembles a quince.[2]


This plant is widely cultivated in temperate regions for its twining habit and its showy flowers which appear early in the season, occasionally even in midwinter. It is frequently used as an informal low hedge. Numerous cultivars with flowers in shades of white, pink and red have been selected. The following cultivars and hybrids have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:[5]

The following cultivars have received the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:

See also


  1. ^ "Chaenomeles speciosa". Richard Pankhurst et al. Royal Botanic Gardens Edinburgh – via The Plant List.((cite web)): CS1 maint: others (link) Note that this website has been superceded by World Flora Online
  2. ^ a b c Bailey, L.H.; Bailey, E.Z.; the staff of the Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third: A concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the United States and Canada. Macmillan, New York.
  3. ^ "Chaenomeles speciosa". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2 March 2014.
  4. ^ Subhuti Dharmananda 2005. "Chaenomeles: A relaxing and strengthening fruit" in Institute for Traditional Medicine database [1]
  5. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 16. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  6. ^ "Chaenomeles speciosa 'Geisha Girl'". RHS. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  7. ^ "Chaenomeles speciosa 'Moerloosei'". RHS. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  8. ^ "Chaenomeles × superba 'Pink Lady'". RHS. Retrieved 12 April 2020.