Rashtriya school Chail
Rashtriya Military School Chail (crest).jpg
Location
Chail Shimla Hills, Himachal Pradesh

India
Coordinates30°57′46″N 77°11′55″E / 30.9629°N 77.1985°E / 30.9629; 77.1985Coordinates: 30°57′46″N 77°11′55″E / 30.9629°N 77.1985°E / 30.9629; 77.1985
Information
TypeMilitary school
MottoSheelam Param Bhushanam
(Character is the Greatest Virtue)
Established1925
School districtSolan
AdministratorMajor Yashwant Singh
PrincipalLt.Col. SPS Chauhan
Staff100
Faculty20
GradesClass 6-12
Number of students300
Campus size174.80-acre (0.7074 km2)
Campus typeBoarding school
Colour(s)Light blue and dark blue   
AffiliationCBSE
FounderKing George V
HousesNalanda, Taxila, Ujjain
NalandaRed (new dorms and annexe)  
TaxilaGreen (Sidh and Oak)  
UjjainBlue (Glen View)  
Websitechailmilitaryschool.webs.com

Rashtriya Military School Chail (or Chail Military School) is a residential school in Himachal Pradesh, India, established after the First World War in 1922 with a donation of 250,000 from King George V’s patriotic fund. The school's origins lie with the establishment of King George's Royal Indian Military School in Jullunder (later Jalandhar), Punjab, in 1925. The foundation stone of this school was laid in the Jullunder Cantonment by King George V in February 1922, and the school started functioning in 1925. The school was moved to its present location in Chail, Himachal Pradesh, in 1960. Cadets are known as Georgians after their founder's father.

It is one of the only five RMS (Rashtriya Military Schools which were formerly called Royal Indian Military Schools) of its kind in India; the other four being Ajmer Military School founded in 1930, Belgaum Military School in 1945, Bangalore Military School in 1946 and Dholpur Military School in 1962.[1] RIMC (established in 1922), RIMs and various Sainik Schools contribute 25% to 30% to various training academies of the Armed Forces. 1 RIMC and 5 RMS were established by the government after the World War I to Indianise the British Colonial Military in India by providing western style education with the aim to prepare the potential pool of future military officers.

The school is located amidst pine and deodar forests in the heart of the 110 km2 Chail Sanctuary at an altitude of 2144 meters. The world's highest cricket ground[2] is located in Chail and is used as a training and playground for cadets.

History

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Chail Military School is the oldest military school in India.[3] Similar schools were established at Ajmer in 1930, Belgaum in 1945, Bangalore in 1946, and Dholpur in 1962. After renaming, these 5 military schools are now collectively known as the "Rashtriya Military Schools" (RMS) and the cadets from these institutions call themselves Georgians.

British colonial origin

King George V (1865-1936) was the king of Great Britain and the emperor of India from 1910 to 1936. Though during World War I he had no direct responsibility, his duties took him to 450 military and naval installations, 300 military hospitals, and to several other places for personally distributing as many as 58,000 decorations. It was during these visits that King George V was so impressed with the courage and fighting abilities of the Indian troops that at the conclusion of the war, he decided to set up some institutions for the education of children of Indian Jawans. Hence these schools were named "King George Royal Indian Military Colleges" (KGRIMC). Along with its sister KGRIMS institute now located in Jhelum, Pakistan, Chail Military School was named as King George Royal Indian Military School after King George V. After the World War I, in February 1922 the foundation stone of the school was laid at Jalandhar Cantonment and regular classes were started in Punjab in September 1925 at Jalandhar Cantonment and the second campus at KGRIMS Jhelum (now in Pakistan). In 1945 when World War II came to an end, two more King George Royal Indian Military Colleges were started at Belgaum and Bangalore by King George VI.[4]

The school was founded to provide free education to the sons of JCOs, NCOs and ORs to prepare them for Army examinations including the Indian Special Certificate of Education. The curriculum of the school was based on military requirements with English as a medium of instruction. The strength of the school was 250 and the staff consisted mostly of military personnel. In the beginning, the staff were entirely military personnel, with exception of office staff who were civilians. Initially, all instructors were officers, but they were gradually replaced by JCOs.

During the Second World War the school was designated as a college. One hundred more cadets were admitted under the expansion scheme. The eligibility norms were relaxed to facilitate enrollment of near relatives of Army personnel and admissions were thrown open to all branches of the armed forces. At that time, Jalandhar and Jhelum military colleges were affiliated with the Panjab University for matriculation and intermediate examinations. The institution produced a large number of officers. During World War II the cadets of these institutions were granted an emergency commission and subsequently, permission was granted for entry of the Cadets to the Armed Forces looking to the training they received at these institutions.

Reorganisation after independence of India

Till 1952 Regimental Centres sponsored the sons of JCOs/ORs for admission to KGRIMCs. The aim then was to give education up to Army Special Classes and then make them VCOs. Some of them were also commissioned as officers.

On 26 January 1950, these KGIMS were renamed the "King George’s Military College" (KGMC).

In July 1952, these were renamed the "King George’s School" (KGS). On the recommendations of a committee headed by educationist Dr. Hridaya Nath Kunzru, KGS was reorganized as residential public schools, and admissions were thrown open to the sons of Service Officers as well as Civilians. This brought the schools within the reach of the middle class for the first time. Instead of the Army Exams, the students switched over to the Senior Cambridge Certificate Examination, and the condition that all students should join the military services were dropped. The motto then was "Play The Game".

On 1 July 1960, the King George’s School Nowgong, which was earlier moved from Jalandhar to Kitchner College in Nowgong, was relocated to its current location in Chail in Himachal Pradesh.

In 1962, the fifth KGS school was started at Dholpur in Rajasthan.

In 1963, the affiliation of KGS to the University of Cambridge was replaced by the Higher Secondary School Examination conducted by Central board of secondary education (CBSE) Delhi.

On 1 January 1966, the KGS was renamed the "Military School" with the "xyz Military School" nomenclature, e.g. "Chail Military School". On reorganization, public school education was, for the first time, brought within the reach of the middle class. Admission was thrown open to sons of service officers and civilians as well. The motto of the schools was changed to "Sheelam Param Bhushanam" which translates to "Character is the Greatest Virtue".

In January 1998, the nomenclature changed again when the location prefix "xyz" was dropped, and the KGS was re-designated "Military School, xyz", e.g. "Military School, Chail".

Present status

In 2007, to reflect the 'All India' outlook of the school the Chail Military School along with its sister institutes Bangalore Military School (Karnataka), Belgaum Military School (Karnataka), Ajmer Military School (Rajasthan) and Dholpur Military School (Rajasthan) were renamed as the "Rashtriya Military Schools (RMS)" of India.[5]

All RMS is Category 'A' military training institutes at par with Rashtriya Indian Military College and National Defence Academy. All RSM are under the direct control of the Army's Directorate General of Military Training (DGMT) at IHQ of Ministry of Defence (MoD), and the instructions pertaining to finance, training, admission and recruitment are received directly from Army Head Quarters AHQ.[6] In 2019, it was decided to merge the DGMT with Army Training Command (ARTRAC).[7] The Central Governing Council (CGC), headed by the Defence Secretary, is the apex body for the school. RMS prepare boys from the age of 10 to 18 years for the All India Secondary School Examination and All India Senior School Certificate Examination, New Delhi and also for the Entrance Examination to the National Defence Academy.

Cadets of RMS institutions have risen to the rank of Generals, Air marshals, and Admirals, Secretaries to the government of India and to top positions in the police and Paramilitary forces. Many have established industries and reached international level recognition in their fields and also hold high positions in companies. Many cadets are Ministers and Members of Parliament, surgeons, and scientists.

Admissions

Admission to class VI

Reservations

Life at campus

Academics

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The school is affiliated with the CBSE board of India. Unit tests are held quarterly in addition to half-yearly and annual examinations. Students appear for AISSCE (10th) and AISSE (12th) along with other CBSE affiliated schools in India. Student to staff ratio is about 2.5:1 and student to teaching staff ratio is 10:1. Students are offered Science subjects in 11th and 12th classes. The School curriculum includes seven periods of 40 minutes each. Daily three hours of compulsory prep is included in a routine for students to concentrate on their studies. Students undergo exams as per the CBSE guidelines.

Subdivisions/Houses

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CCA

CCA is a part of the school curriculum. Cadets participate in debates, declamations, quizzes, extempore, dance, theatre, and poetry recitation in English and Hindi. They also participate in inter-house and inter-school arts competitions. The school team is a participant in national and state-level CCA meets. Chail Gurudwara and Sidh temple are also actively administered by the school.

Sports and physical education

Cricket ground
Cricket ground

Cadets undergo compulsory physical training in the morning and play sports in the evening. The school has facilities for cricket, basketball, volleyball, athletics, cross-country, and boxing. The school is a member of the Indian Public Schools' Conference (IPSC) and participates in the state as well as national level sports competitions. The Inter Military Schools Pentagular meet is an annual sports and CCA event where all five military schools (and previously Rashtriya Indian Military College Dehradun) compete in several fields.

Commandants and principals

Commandants Years
Lt. AL Hadden 1925–1928
Capt. HE Sharpe 1928–1932
Capt. THL Stebbing 1932–1936
Capt. JH Bell 1936–1939
Maj. WS Beddal 1939–1944
Lt Col RCF Caulifield 1944–1947
Lt Col F Mitchell 1947
Maj N L Gujral 1947–1948
Maj R Som Dutt 1948–1949
Maj F S Shergill 1949–1952
Shri Din Dayal 1952–1954
Shri PD Gadre 1954–1960
Maj S Mazumdar 1960–1961
Cdr BS Ranjit 1961–1963
Maj SS Nakra 1963–1964
Lt Col SS Nakra 1964–1967
Lt Col Randhir Singh 1967–1968
Lt Col Ramji Chugh 1968–1973
Maj JC Kohli 1973–1976
Shri UK Chaturvedi 1976–1983
Maj BN Arjunan 1983–1984
Maj MPS Tyagi 1984–1985
Shri L William 1985–1986
Shri KK Arora 1986–1988
Lt Col TS Aulakh 1988–1990
Shri RC Chopra 1990–1992
Dr SN Pandey 1992–1993
Lt Col AK Maini 1993–1996
Maj Vijai Singh 1996–1999
Shri TS Panwar 1999–2001
Maj Kamal Padha 2001–2003
Lt Col Raju Peter 2003–2006
Lt Col. V Ravindra Kumar 2006–2008
Lt Col. VK Bhat 2008–2011
Lt Col. Arun M Kulkarni 2011-2014
Lt Col. Vineet Ohri 2014-2017
Lt Col. SPS Chauhan 2017-2020

Alumni

Chail Military School in Siachen

Cadets from the school have reached the world's highest battlefield 'Siachen Glacier'. The team consisted of four cadets each from the Rashtriya Indian Military College (RIMC) and the Chail Military School, two cadets from the Indian Military Academy, six cadets - including four girls - from the National Cadet Corps, four civilians, including the wife of an army officer, four officers, 15 personnel below officer rank and seven media persons.[8][9][10]

Notable alumni

This article's list of alumni may not follow Wikipedia's verifiability policy. Please improve this article by removing names that do not have independent reliable sources showing they merit inclusion in this article AND are alumni, or by incorporating the relevant publications into the body of the article through appropriate citations. (February 2021)

The school has produced several Generals (Lt Gen and Maj Gen), Brigadiers, and thousands of Colonels and Lt Colonels along with Governors, Ministers, Civil servants and paramilitary officers(CAPFs). Many Students have joined elite government services like Indian Foreign Service and Indian Administrative Service.

Georgian Association North

All students and their family members are the part of the extended Georgian family. President of the Georgian Association (North) is Sh Vipin Pubby who was elected on 13 April 2018 at Chandigarh. The Official address of the Georgian Asscn North is : First Floor, House No. 1538, Sector :33-D, Chandigarh- 160020 (UT)[20]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Bangalore Military School". Archived from the original on 23 February 2020. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
  2. ^ "News". 15 March 2016 – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  3. ^ A special day for oldest military school retrieved 27 October 2008
  4. ^ "History of the School". Georgian Association, Military School Bangalore. Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved 26 August 2012.
  5. ^ "Message Military School". Archived from the original on 21 July 2011.
  6. ^ "Bangalore Military School, Bangalore Military School detailed information, Admission Process for Bangalore Military School". Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  7. ^ In the works for Army Training Command — wings for training, validation & more officers, The Print, 24 August 2019.
  8. ^ "15 trekking teams have visited Siachen: Antony - Monsters and Critics". Archived from the original on 11 July 2012. Retrieved 27 December 2007.
  9. ^ "Microsoft OneDrive - Access files anywhere. Create docs with free Office Online". onedrive.live.com.
  10. ^ "Siachen trekking expedition takes off, Kashmir news Kashmir Discussion Forum, Kashmir Tour, Srinagar, Book hotel in Kashmir, Kashmir Bazaar, kashmir SMS, All about kashmir, Kashmir Gifts, Kashmir Websites, Great Kashmiris, kashmir travel forum, forum ..."
  11. ^ "CAPT GURBACHAN SINGH SALARIA, PVC" Archived 9 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine, Indian Army
  12. ^ "Lt Gen Thamburaj appointed Vice Chief of the Army". 1 December 2008. Archived from the original on 1 December 2008.
  13. ^ "Lt General R. S. Dyal MVC - Indian Army - Maha Veer Chakra - Haryana - India". 25 July 2008. Archived from the original on 25 July 2008. Retrieved 9 September 2021.
  14. ^ "Lt Gen R.S. Dayal". India Today. 3 June 2009. Archived from the original on 9 September 2021. Retrieved 9 September 2021.
  15. ^ "City News, Indian City Headlines, Latest City News, Metro City News". The Indian Express.
  16. ^ The Official Home Page of the Indian Army
  17. ^ Captain Mani, PRS (29 May 1945). "Mani: Indian Army Observer 17/3A - Major Korla" (PDF). Retrieved 1 August 2022.
  18. ^ "Distinguished Alumni". Rashtriya Military School ChailAn institute of excellence. Retrieved 17 August 2022.
  19. ^ "Information - Pram and Maha Veer Chakra Winners from Haryana". 28 October 2008. Archived from the original on 28 October 2008.
  20. ^ Manipal elected president of Georgians’ Association, The Indian Express, 14 April 2013