Chakrata
चक्राता G S A
Town
चकराता
Chakrata is located in Uttarakhand
Chakrata
Chakrata
Location in Uttarakhand, India
Chakrata is located in India
Chakrata
Chakrata
Chakrata (India)
Coordinates: 30°42′07″N 77°52′08″E / 30.702°N 77.869°E / 30.702; 77.869Coordinates: 30°42′07″N 77°52′08″E / 30.702°N 77.869°E / 30.702; 77.869
Country India
StateUttarakhand
DistrictDehradun
Elevation
2,118 m (6,949 ft)
Population
 (2001)
 • Total3,498
Languages
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUK
Websiteuk.gov.in

Chakrata is a cantonment town and also a sub district/tehsil, in Dehradun district[1] in the state of Uttarakhand, India.

It lies between the Tons and Yamuna rivers, at an elevation of 2118 m, 98 km from the state capital, Dehradun. Chakrata was originally a cantonment of the British Indian Army. To the west lies Himachal Pradesh, and to the east are Mussoorie (73 km) and Tehri Garhwal.

History

The area is known as Jaunsar-Bawar,[2] which has a marked presence in few surrounding villages.

In 1901, Chakrata Tehsil was part of the Dehradun district, of United Provinces, with a collective population of 51,101, which consisted of the towns of Chakrata (population 1250) and Kalsi, with a population of 760,[2] which is most known for the rock edict of the Mauryan king Ashoka 2nd century BC, first discovered by John Forest, in 1860.[3]

The cantonment

A cantonment of British Indian Army, was established in 1869 [4] by Colonel Hume of the 55th Regiment, British Indian Army,[5] and the troops and officers first occupied the cantonment in April 1869.[1]

View from Deoban of Chakrata
View from Deoban of Chakrata

Chakrata is an access-restricted military cantonment, and foreigners face severe restrictions in visiting. Notably, it is the permanent garrison of the secretive and elite Special Frontier Force, also known as 'Establishment 22' (called "Two-Two"), the only ethnic Tibetan unit of the Indian Army, which was raised after the Sino-India War of 1962. Weapons and survival training is also imparted by other intelligence services in Chakrata, in support of Indian foreign policy goals, especially pertaining to other countries in the Indian Subcontinent.

Tourism and nature

Misty mornings at Budher forest rest house
Misty mornings at Budher forest rest house
Forest Rest House – Deoban
Forest Rest House – Deoban
Ancient Wooden Mahasu Devta Temple at Hanol.
Ancient Wooden Mahasu Devta Temple at Hanol.

Chakrata can be reached from Dehradun via Mussoorie or Vikasnagar passing through kalsi Gate (where Ashoka Stumbh is situated). Both routes pass through beautiful mountainous roads. Travelling in the monsoon can be tricky as the area sees frequent road blockages due to landslides.

The area has an abundance of conifers, rhododendrons and oaks. The red rhododendrons are the most abundantly found in this region. The attractions near Chakrata are:

Extended destinations

Hanol is 100 km from Chakrata and is a beautiful getaway in the middle of nowhere. For those who want to explore and drive/ride nearby, Hanol is a good destination. A Garhwal Mandal Vikas Nigam Ltd. (GMVN) hotel provides basic accommodation in Hanol. Hanol has Mahasu Devta Temple dedicated to Lord Mahasu. Mahasu Devta is worshiped in the entire Jaunsar-babar region and is at seven places across this region like Radina, Thaina, Indroli, Lakhwar, and Lakhamandal.

There are a dozen decent private hotels and some eateries. Petrol and diesel are hard to come by (for civilians) but can be obtained in small quantities from local traders. The hotels of Chakrata are Blue Canvas Resort, Golden arc, Hotel Burans, Hotel Himalayan Paradise, Hotel Snow View, and Gwasa Water Valley Resort, Hotel MRB Residency.

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[6] Chakrata town falls under 15.70 square km. There are 759 households, and urban Chakrata has a population of 5,117 of which males are 3,717 (73%) and females 1,400 (27%). 73% of the population falls under the general category, while 11% are from schedule caste and 17% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Chakrata (CB) cantonment board is 7%, among them 54% are boys and 46% are girls. There are 759 households in the city and an average 7 persons live in every family. 84% of the population (4,293 persons) is 'literate'.[7]

The sub-district Chakrata has a total population of 67,258, with 34,938 males and 32,320 females. The total area of the sub-district is 542.59 square km. Apart from the area under the cantonment board, Chakrata falls under the 'rural' category.[8]

In the sub-district, the demographics are starkly different from the urban area, with 34.6% (23,265 persons) belonging to Scheduled castes, and 54.9% (36,919 persons) to Scheduled Tribes. 51.2% of the population, i.e. 34,440 persons are 'literate'.[6]

Civic Administration

The urban area of Chakrata falls under the jurisdiction of the Urban Local Body in Chakrata, the Cantonment Board (CB). There are 6 wards.[6] The cantonment board consists of 12 members, including 6 elected members.[9]

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chakrata" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 802..
  2. ^ a b Chakrata Tahsil & Town The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 10, p. 125.
  3. ^ Kalsi[permanent dead link] Official website of Dehradun city.
  4. ^ "History – CHAKRATA CANTONMENT BOARD". chakrata.cantt.gov.in. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  5. ^ Chakrata Archived 29 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine Official website of Dehradun city.
  6. ^ a b c "Census of India 2011: Data from the District Handbook" (PDF). Census India. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  7. ^ "District Census Handbook 2011" (PDF). Census India. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  8. ^ "District Census Handbook 2011" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in/. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  9. ^ "CANTONMENT BOARD : CHAKRATA". Archived from the original on 8 April 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.