Chamber of Deputies

Camera Deputaților
9th Legislature
Type
Type
History
Founded1862
Leadership
Ludovic Orban, PNL
since 22 December 2020
Structure
Seats330
Political groups

Government (169)

  •   PNL (93)
  •   USR-PLUS (55)
  •   UDMR (21)

Confidence and supply (18)

Opposition (142)

Elections
1992–2008, since 2016: Closed list, D'Hondt method
2008–2016: nominal vote, Mixed member proportional representation
Last election
6 December 2020
Next election
6 December 2024
Meeting place
Palace of the Parliament, Bucharest
Website
cdep.ro

The Chamber of Deputies (Romanian: Camera Deputaților) is the lower house in Romania's bicameral parliament. It has 330 seats to which deputies are elected by direct popular vote using party-list proportional representation[1] to serve four-year terms. Additionally, the organisation of each national minority is entitled to a seat in the Chamber (under the limitation that a national minority is to be represented by one organisation only).

Leadership and structure

This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (December 2014)

Standing Bureau

Main article: Standing Bureau of the Chamber of Deputies of Romania

The (Romanian: Biroul Permanent) is the body elected by the deputies that rules the Chamber. Its President is the President of the Chamber, and he/she is elected for a whole legislature (usually four years). All the other members are elected at the beginning of each parliamentary session.

There is one President, and four of each: Vicepresidents, Quaestors and Secretaries. The current composition is listed below.

Position Name Political party / Group Incumbent since
President Ludovic Orban PNL 21 December 2020
Vice-Presidents Cristina Prună USR-PLUS 21 December 2020
Laurențiu Leoreanu PNL 21 December 2020
Marius Budăi PSD 21 December 2020
Alexandru Rafila PSD 21 December 2020
Secretaries Oana Murariu USR-PLUS 21 December 2020
Cristian Buican PNL 21 December 2020
Vasile-Daniel Suciu PSD 21 December 2020
Ovidiu-Victor Ganț FDGR/DFDR
(on behalf of all ethnic minority parties)
21 December 2020
Quaestors George Tuță PNL 21 December 2020
Dénes Seres UDMR 21 December 2020
Alexandra Presură PSD 21 December 2020
Antonio Andrușceac AUR 21 December 2020

Committees of the Chamber

Standing committees and current leadership are listed below.

Committee President Group Incumbent since
Committee for Economic Policy, Reform, and Privatization
Committee for Budget, Finance, and, Banks
Committee for Industries and Services
Committee for Industries and Services
Committee for Transport and Infrastructure
Committee for Agriculture, Forestry, Food Industry and Specific Services
Committee for Human Rights, Cults and National Minorities Issues
Committee for Public Administration and Territorial Planning
Environment and Ecological Balance
Committee for Labour and Social Protection Oana Țoiu USR PLUS 21 decembrie 2020
Committee for Health and Family
Committee for Education, Science, Youth, and Sport
Committee for Culture, Arts, Mass Information Means
Committee for Legal Matters, Discipline, and Immunities
Committee for Defense, Public Order, and National Security
Committee for Foreign Policy
Committee for the Investigation of Abuses, Corrupt Practices, and for Petitions
Committee for Standing Orders
Committee for Information Technology and Communications
Committee on Equal Opportunities for Women and Men
Committee for Romanian Communities Living Abroad
Committee for European Affairs

Party composition

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Romania

2016–2020

e • d Seats in the Chamber of Deputies of Romania
Party Election seating Lost Won Present seating
Seats % Seats %
  Social Democratic Party 154 46.95% 13 0 141 42.85%
  National Liberal Party 69 21% 3 2 68 20.66%
  Save Romania Union 30 9.15% 2 0 28 8.51%
  Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 21 6.4% 0 0 21 6.38%
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 20 6.1% 7 4 19 5.77%
  People's Movement Party 18 5.5% 6 0 12 3.64%
  Independents 2 26 24 7.30%
  Parties of ethnic minorities 17 5.2% 0 0 17 5.16%
Total 329 100 329 100

2008–2012

Main article: 2008–12 legislature of the Romanian Parliament


e • d Seats in the Chamber of Deputies of Romania, 6th legislature
Parliamentary Group Election seating Lost Won Present
Seats % Seats %
  Democratic Liberal Party 115 34.43% 29 12 106 31.73%
  Social Democratic Party 114 34.13% 29 2 91 27.24%
  National Liberal Party 65 19.46% 21 6 56 16.76%
  Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 22 6.58% 2 0 20 5.98%
  Ethnic minorities parties 18 5.39% 2 0 16 4.79%
  National Union for the Progress of Romania 16 16 12 3.59%
  Independents 8 2.39%
  Vacant seats 25
Total 334 100 334 100

2004–2008

Main article: 2004–2008 legislature of the Romanian Parliament

In Romania's 2004 legislative election, held on 28 November, no party won an outright majority. The Social Democratic Party (PSD) won the largest number of seats but is currently in opposition because the Justice and Truth Alliance, the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, the Romanian Humanist Party (which later became the Conservative Party), and the National Minorities formed a governing coalition, giving it 177 seats in the Chamber of Deputies (47.9% of the total). The Conservative Party withdrew in December 2006, meaning that the government lost the majority in the Chamber of Deputies.[2] In April 2007 the liberal prime-minister, Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu, dismissed the Democratic Party ministers from the government and formed a minority government with the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, marking the end of the Justice and Truth Alliance.[3]

During the 2004–2008 legislature, the president of the Chamber of Deputies was Bogdan Olteanu from the National Liberal Party, who was elected on 20 March 2006, after the Chamber's former president, Adrian Năstase, was forced by his own party (the Social Democratic Party, PSD) to step down amidst allegations of corruption.

After the 2004 elections, several deputies from the PSD switched to other parties (including the governing Justice and Truth Alliance) or became independents, with the total number of PSD seats being reduced from 113 to 105. The number of Justice and Truth Alliance deputies also increased from 112 to 118, making it the largest formation in parliament as of October 2006. This changed again in December 2006, leaving the PSD with 107 seats and the Justice and Truth Alliance with 101. Since April 2007 the Justice and Truth Alliance has split leaving the two former members with 51 respectively 50 members. Deputies elected to the European Parliament in the 2007 election resigned, thus reducing the number of deputies to 314 as of 4 December 2007.

A new election was held in 2008. The table below gives the state of play before the 2008 election; parties in bold were part of the governing coalition.[4] That coalition was tacitly supported by the PSD.[5]

Party % of seats Seats
  Social Democratic Party 32.31 105
  Democratic Liberal Party 20.62 67
  National Liberal Party 18.15 59
  Greater Romania Party 6.77 22
  Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 6.77 22
  Conservative Party 5.85 19
  Ethnic minorities parties 5.54 18
  Independents 4.00 13
Total 100 325

2000–2004

Elections to the Chamber of Deputies were held on 26 November 2000, in which the Social Democratic Party of Romania (PSD) won plurality. The governing majority was formed from the PSD and the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR), which, with 182 members, made up 54.8% of seats. The president of the Chamber of Deputies during this period was Valer Dorneanu, who was elected on 15 December 2000. The distribution of seats was as follows:

Party % of seats Seats
  Social Democratic Party 44.93 155
  Greater Romania Party 24.35 84
  Democratic Party 8.99 31
  National Liberal Party 8.70 30
  Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 7.83 27
  Ethnic minorities parties 5.22 18
Total 100 345

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Filimon, Paul (20 July 2015). "Legea ALEGERILOR PARLAMENTARE pe LISTE, promulgată de Iohannis". România Liberă (in Romanian).
  2. ^ Guvern minoritar Archived 15 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine (Minority government), Evenimentul Zilei, 4 December 2006
  3. ^ "Romania's prime minister names new Cabinet of minority government", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), 2 April 2007.
  4. ^ source
  5. ^ [1]