Chamber of Representatives

Cámara de Representantes
49th Legislature of the Chamber of Deputies
Type
Type
Lower House of the General Assembly of Uruguay
History
Founded19 October 1830[1]
Leadership
Martín Lema, National Party
since 15 February 2020
1st Vice President
Nicolás Viera, Broad Front
since 3 March 2020
2nd Vice President
Conrado Rodríguez, Colorado
since 4 March 2020
3rd Vice President
Verónica Mato, Broad Front
since 4 March 2020
Structure
Seats99
Political groups
Government (56)
  •   National Party (30)
  •   Colorado Party (13)
  •   Open Cabildo (11)
  •   Independent Party (1)
  •   Partido de la Gente (1)

Opposition (43)

Elections
Party-list proportional representation
D'Hondt method
Last election
27 October 2019
Next election
2024
Meeting place
Chamber of Representatives, Legislative Palace, Montevideo, Uruguay
Website
Official website
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The Chamber of Representatives (Spanish: Cámara de Representantes)[2] is the lower house of the General Assembly of Uruguay (Asamblea General de Uruguay). The Chamber has 99 members, elected for a five-year term by proportional representation with at least two members per department.[3]

The composition and powers of the Chamber of Representatives are established by Article Ninety of the Uruguayan Constitution. It also requires that members must be aged at least 25 and have been a citizen of Uruguay for five years.[4] It is the competence of the House of Representatives to accuse in the Senate members of both houses, the President and Vice President of the Republic, the Ministers of State, the members of the Supreme Court, the Administrative Litigation Court, the Court of Accounts and the Electoral Court, either for violating the Constitution or other serious crimes.[5]

Latest elections

Main article: 2019 Uruguayan general election

Party Chamber of Representatives
Votes % Seats +/–
Broad Front 949,376 40.49 42 –8
National Party 696,452 29.70 30 –2
Colorado Party 300,177 12.80 13 0
Open Cabildo 268,736 11.46 11 New
Partido Ecologista Radical Intransigente 33,461 1.43 1 +1
Party of the Folk 26,313 1.12 1 +1
Independent Party 23,580 1.01 1 –2
Popular Unity 19,728 0.84 0 –1
Green Animalist Party 19,392 0.83 0 New
Digital Party 6,363 0.27 0 New
Workers' Party 1,387 0.06 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 88,399
Total 2,433,364 100 99 0
Registered voters/turnout 2,699,978 90.13
Source: Corte Electoral; El País

Representatives

Main article: 49th Legislature of the Chamber of Deputies of Uruguay

President

Main article: List of presidents of the Chamber of Representatives of Uruguay

The Presidency of the Chamber is renewed at the beginning of each session. Every year, a Representative is elected by the rest of the members as its President. The current officerholder of the Chamber of Representatives is Martín Lema, who took office on February 15, 2020.[6]

Historical seat division

1989–1994

39 30 21 9
National Party Colorado Party PE PP

1994–1999

32 31 31 5
Colorado Party National Party PE NS

1999–2004

40 33 22 4
PE Colorado Party National Party NS

2004–2009

52 36 10 1
Broad Front National Party Colorado IP

2009–2014

50 30 17 2
Broad Front National Party Colorado Party IP

2014–2019

50 32 13 3 1
Broad Front National Party Colorado Party IP PA

2019–

42 30 13 11 1 1 1
Broad Front National Party Colorado Party Open Cabildo IP PG PERI

See also

References

  1. ^ PRESIDENCIA DE LA ASAMBLEA GENERAL Y DEL SENADO PRESIDENCIA DE LA CAMARA DE REPRESENTANTES (October 29, 2013). "Parlamentarios Uruguayos 1830-2005" (PDF). www.parlamento.gub.uy. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 29, 2013.
  2. ^ "Uruguay Cámara de Representantes (House of Representatives)". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Retrieved September 24, 2011.
  3. ^ "Cámara de Representantes | Parlamento". parlamento.gub.uy. Retrieved 2020-03-30.
  4. ^ "Cámara de Representantes | Parlamento". parlamento.gub.uy. Retrieved 2020-03-27.
  5. ^ "Constitución de la República Oriental del Uruguay". www.impo.com.uy. Retrieved 2020-03-27.
  6. ^ ""HOY EMPEZAMOS A RENDIR CUENTAS": EL DIPUTADO MARTÍN LEMA ASUMIÓ LA PRESIDENCIA DE LA CÁMARA DE REPRESENTANTES | Parlamento". parlamento.gub.uy. Retrieved 2020-03-30.

Coordinates: 34°53′28″S 56°11′14″W / 34.89111°S 56.18722°W / -34.89111; -56.18722