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Champagne-Ardenne
Flag of Champagne-Ardenne
Location of Champagne-Ardenne
Country France
Disbanded31 December 2015
PrefectureChâlons-en-Champagne
Departments
4
Area
 • Total25,606 km2 (9,887 sq mi)
Population
 (2012-01-01)
 • Total1,339,270
GDP
 • Total€40.020 billion
 • Per capita€30,300
ISO 3166 codeFR-G
NUTS RegionFR2

Champagne-Ardenne (French pronunciation: [ʃɑ̃paɲaʁdɛn]) is a former administrative region of France, located in the northeast of the country, bordering Belgium. Mostly corresponding to the historic province of Champagne, the region is known for its sparkling white wine of the same name.

History

The administrative region was formed in 1956, consisting of the four departments Aube, Ardennes, Haute-Marne, and Marne. On 1 January 2016, it merged with the neighboring regions of Alsace and Lorraine to form the new region Grand Est, thereby ceasing to exist as an independent entity.[2]

Geography

Its rivers, most of which flow west, include the Seine, the Marne, and the Aisne. The Meuse flows north.

Further information on the geological formation: Grès de l'Infralias

Transportation

Highways

Rail

The rail network includes the Paris–Strasbourg line, which follows the Marne Valley and serves Épernay, Châlons-en-Champagne, and Vitry-le-François. The LGV Est TGV line also connecting Paris and Strasbourg opened in 2007 and serves Reims with a train station in the commune of Bezannes.

Water

The region's canals include the Canal latéral à la Marne and Marne-Rhine Canal, the latter connecting to the Marne at Vitry-le-François. These are petit gabarit canals.

Air

The Vatry International Airport, primarily dedicated to air freight, has a runway 3,650 m (11,980 ft) long. The airport is in a sparsely populated area just 150 km (93 mi) from Paris.

Economy

Vineyard in Champagne-Ardenne

Businesses

Food processing

Demographics

The population of Champagne-Ardenne has been in steady decrease since 1982 due to a rural exodus. With 1.3 million people and a density of 52/km2, it is one of France's least populated regions. After a brief period of stabilization in the 1990s, the region's population is now among the fastest "dying" in Europe, with several municipalities losing people at a faster rate than a lot of Eastern European areas, especially in the Haute-Marne department. The region is among the oldest in France, has a weak fertility rate, and its immigrant population, while growing,[citation needed] is still minimal compared to the national average.

Major communities

City center, Troyes
Moulin de Valmy dans les champs

See also

Coat of arms of the ancient county of Champagne.

References

  1. ^ "EU regions by GDP, Eurostat". Retrieved 18 September 2023.
  2. ^ Loi n° 2015-29 du 16 janvier 2015 relative à la délimitation des régions, aux élections régionales et départementales et modifiant le calendrier électoral (in French)

49°00′N 4°30′E / 49.000°N 4.500°E / 49.000; 4.500