Chandler
City of Chandler
Location within Le Rocher-Percé RCM.
Chandler
Chandler
Location in eastern Quebec.
Coordinates: 48°21′N 64°41′W / 48.350°N 64.683°W / 48.350; -64.683Coordinates: 48°21′N 64°41′W / 48.350°N 64.683°W / 48.350; -64.683[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionGaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine
RCMLe Rocher-Percé
Settled1729
ConstitutedJune 27, 2001
Government
 • MayorLouisette Langlois
 • Federal ridingGaspésie—Îles-de-la-Madeleine
 • Prov. ridingBonaventure
Area
 • Total435.50 km2 (168.15 sq mi)
 • Land419.53 km2 (161.98 sq mi)
Population
 • Total7,703
 • Density18.4/km2 (48/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011
Decrease 2.7%
 • Dwellings
3,506
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)418 and 581
Highways Route 132
Websitewww.villedechandler.com

Chandler is a town in the Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine region of Quebec, Canada. It is the second-most populous town on the Gaspé Peninsula after the Town of Gaspé. It was known as Pabos between June 27, 2001 and May 4, 2002.[1]

The city is the birthplace of NHL player Mathieu Garon, and Quebec politician Joseph-Léonard Duguay as well as Mary Rose Anna Travers dit "La Bolduc" and world curling champion John Kawaja. Chandler's major industries include fishing and tourism.

In addition to Chandler itself, the town's territory also includes the communities of Newport, Grand-Pabos-Ouest, Pabos, Pabos Mills, and Saint-François-de-Pabos.

History

Grand-Pabos in 1900
Grand-Pabos in 1900

The area was first settled in 1729, making it one of the oldest places on the Gaspé coast. It was known over time as Paboc, Pabo, Pabok, Pabeau, and Pas-bos. In 1815, the final spelling of Pabos was assigned in the Description topographique de la province du Bas Canada (Topographical Description of the Province of Lower Canada). The meaning of this name is uncertain, although there are various theories: from the Mi'kmaq word papôg (meaning "playful waters");[4] a Basque name; from the Spanish pavo; a place in France, home of the first seignoral lord; or from the French words pas[sage] beau (meaning "beautiful passage").[5]

In 1758, the settlement was destroyed by General James Wolfe during his Gulf of St. Lawrence Campaign. It was rebuilt and by 1860, the Parish of Sainte-Adélaïde-de-Pabos was formed. In 1876, it had become the most important civil and religious town in the Gaspésie region, and the place was incorporated as the Municipality of Pabos. 3 years later, its post office opened.[5]

Dismantling of the Gaspésia Pulp and Paper Mill in 2012.
Dismantling of the Gaspésia Pulp and Paper Mill in 2012.

In 1912, Percy Milton Chandler, a Philadelphian manufacturer, built the first pulp and paper mill in the Gaspésie at the mouth of the Grand Pabos River, originally known as Portage-du-Grand-Pabos. By 1916, this village separated from Pabos and was incorporated as the Village Municipality of Chandler. The name Grand-Pabos was also used and in the 1930s, it was even tried to officially rename the village to Grand-Pabos. In 1958, Chandler gained ville (city) status.[1]

On June 27, 2001, the municipalities of Newport, Pabos, Pabos Mills, and Saint-François-de-Pabos, as well as the City of Chandler, were merged to form the new City of Pabos, renamed to Chandler on May 4, 2002.[1]

Demographics

Population

Canada census – Chandler, Quebec community profile
2011 2006
Population: 7,703 (-2.7% from 2006) 7,914 (-4.4% from 2001)
Land area: 419.53 km2 (161.98 sq mi) 419.50 km2 (161.97 sq mi)
Population density: 18.4/km2 (48/sq mi) 18.9/km2 (49/sq mi)
Median age: 50.7 (M: 50.1, F: 51.5) 47.3 (M: 45.9, F: 48.2)
Total private dwellings: 3,506 3,556
Median household income: $41,440 $38,500
References: 2011[6] 2006[7] earlier[8]
Historical Census Data - Chandler, Quebec[9]
YearPop.±%
1991 3,382—    
1996 3,358−0.7%
YearPop.±%
2001 3,004−10.5%
2001M 8,278+175.6%
YearPop.±%
2006 7,914−4.4%
2011 7,703−2.7%
(M) merged with municipalities of Newport, Pabos, Pabos Mills and Saint-François-de-Pabos on June 27, 2001.

Language

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Chandler, Quebec[9]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
7,600
7,195 Decrease 3.3% 94.67% 335 Increase 31.4% 4.41% 50 Increase 400.0% 0.66% 20 Decrease 73.3% 0.26%
2006
7,780
7,440 Increase 167.6% 95.63% 255 Increase 131.8% 3.28% 10 Decrease 60.0% 0.13% 75 Increase 400.0% 0.96%
2001
2,930
2,780 Decrease 7.3% 94.88% 110 Decrease 48.8% 3.75% 25 Decrease 28.6% 0.85% 15 Increase 50.0% 0.51%
1996
3,260
3,000 n/a 92.02% 215 n/a 6.60% 35 n/a 1.07% 10 n/a 0.31%

Attractions

Saint Dominique's Church is a large Roman Catholic church in Newport.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Chandler (Ville)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2011-12-13.
  2. ^ a b "Chandler". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Archived from the original on 2012-04-07. Retrieved 2011-12-08.
  3. ^ a b "Chandler census profile". 2011 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  4. ^ Rand, Silas Tertius (1875-01-01). A First Reading Book in the Micmac Language: Comprising the Micmac Numerals, and the Names of the Different Kinds of Beasts, Birds, Fishes, Trees, &c. of the Maritime Provinces of Canada. Also, Some of the Indian Names of Places, and Many Familiar Words and Phrases, Translated Literally Into English. Nova Scotia Printing Company.
  5. ^ a b "Pabos (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2011-12-13.
  6. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-28.
  7. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  8. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  9. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census