This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Chandpur District" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (August 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Chandpur District
চাঁদপুর জেলা
Tanvir alin chandpur.jpg
রূপসা জমিদার বাড়ির মূল ভবন ০২.jpg
Small boats at Chandpur port.jpg
Hajigonj big mosque.jpg
Historical Tomb @ Lohagore, Faridgonj, Chandpur, Bangladesh 2013-12-29 17-38.jpg
Chandpur seen from the river 02.jpg
Clockwise from top-left: Aerial view of Chandpur bridge, Rupsha Zamindar Bari, Chandpur Port, Lohagor Math, Meghna River, Hajiganj Boro Masjid
Location of Chandpur District within Bangladesh
Location of Chandpur District within Bangladesh
Expandable map of Chandpur District
Coordinates: 23°12′50″N 90°38′10″E / 23.2139°N 90.6361°E / 23.2139; 90.6361Coordinates: 23°12′50″N 90°38′10″E / 23.2139°N 90.6361°E / 23.2139; 90.6361
Country Bangladesh
DivisionChittagong Division
Formed (Mahkuma)1878
Formed (City)1894
Established as District15 February 1984 (split from Comilla)
Parliamentary seat5
Government
 • Deputy CommissionerAnjana Khan Mojlish
Area
 • District of Bangladesh1,704.06 km2 (657.94 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • District of Bangladesh2,416,018
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
 • Urban
435,724
 • Rural
1,980,294
Literacy rate
 • Total69.80%
Time zoneUTC+06:00 (BST)
ISO 3166-2
BD-09
HDI (2018)0.614[1]
medium · 7th of 21
Calling code0841
Websitehttp://www.chandpur.gov.bd

Chandpur (চাঁদপুর) is a district located in Bangladesh's Chittagong Division.[2] It was a part of Comilla until 15 February 1984.[3]

History

During the ruling of the Baro-Bhuiyans, this region was occupied by Chand Ray, the Zamindar of Bikrampur and son of Kedar Ray. According to historian J. M. Sengupta, the region was named Chandpur, following the name of Chand Ray. On the other hand, others say that the name of this region comes from Chand Faqir of Purindapur mahalla of Chandpur, Bangladesh. It is said that an administrator named Shah Ahmed Chand came here from Delhi in the fifteenth century and established a river port.

In 1779 AD, Major James Rennel, a British surveyor, drew a map of Bengal during the British rule and included an obscure town called Chandpur. At that time, there were offices and courts at a place called Narsinghpur (which has now sunk) south of Chandpur. The confluence of the Padma and the Meghna was about 60 miles south-west of the present place. This area has now disappeared due to the game of breaking the Meghna river.

The first Chandpur subdivision was formed in 1878 as a result of administrative reorganization during the British rule. On 1 October 1896, Chandpur city was declared as a municipality. It was declared as Chandpur district on 15 February 1984.[4]

Geography

The Geological formation of Chandpur was taken place in Pleistocene and Holocene Era. Geographical history of Chandpur was found in the East-Indian country-map of Perguitar. In the map, south to Bangladesh, Sagornooper, to the north Pragjyotish and the Eastern plain beside hills was known as ‘Kiratas.’ The then Red River (Brammhaputra of today) borne alluvial soil contributed the formation of ‘Kiratas’ and Comilla was under it. That is Chandpur was under ‘Kiratas.’ In the map of Tomas Water, a land named ‘Srikhetra’ was shown to the south of the combined course of both the Titas and Gomati (probably). It is guessed that Chandpur and the west part of Noakhali were under ‘Srikhetra.’ In the map of Jean de Brosse in 1560, ‘Tropo’ was shown by river banks. This ‘Tropo’ was actually Tripura or Comilla region. That is, Chandpur was a part of Tripura. In the map of Portuguese sailor Sanson de Abevil in 1652, Bander, a place was marked where there was a big river port. This port was actually Chandpur. In 1779, English surveyor Major James Rennel drew a map where not only Tripura, but also Chandpur and Comilla were rightly spotted.[5]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1974 1,543,183—    
1981 1,796,777+2.20%
1991 2,032,449+1.24%
2001 2,271,229+1.12%
2011 2,416,018+0.62%
Sources:[6]

According to the 2011 Bangladesh census, Chandpur District had a population of 2,416,018, of which 1,145,831 were males and 1,270,187 females. Rural population was 1,980,294 (81.97%) while the urban population was 435,724 (18.03%). Chandpur district had a literacy rate of 56.78% for the population 7 years and above: 56.14% for males and 57.34% for females.[6]

Religions in Chandpur district (2011)[6]
Religion Percent
Muslims
93.93%
Hindus
6.02%
Other or not stated
0.05%

Muslims make up 93.93% of the population, while Hindus are 6.02% of the population. The Hindu population has decreased slightly from 1981.[6]

Administrative subdivisions

Upazilas

Chandpur District is divided into the following sub-districts (upazilas):[2]

  1. Chandpur Sadar Upazila
  2. Faridganj Upazila
  3. Haimchar Upazila
  4. Hajiganj Upazila
  5. Kachua Upazila
  6. Matlab Dakshin Upazila
  7. Matlab Uttar Upazila
  8. Shahrasti Upazila

Education

See also

References

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  2. ^ a b Khan, Abul Khaer (2012). "Chandpur District". In Islam, Sirajul; Miah, Sajahan; Khanam, Mahfuza; Ahmed, Sabbir (eds.). Banglapedia: the National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Online ed.). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Banglapedia Trust, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. OCLC 52727562. Retrieved 7 August 2022.
  3. ^ Musa, Muhammad. Brahmanbariar Itibrittyo, Shetu Prokashoni, Brahmanbaria,1998.
  4. ^ "Naming of Chandpur". chandpur.gov.bd. Retrieved 30 October 2020.
  5. ^ "Chandpur Geological Structure". chandpur.gov.bd. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d "Bangladesh Population and Housing Census 2011 Zila Report – Chandpur" (PDF). bbs.gov.bd. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
  7. ^ "Home". Matripith Government Girls' High School. Archived from the original on 16 November 2015.
  8. ^ "Matripith Govt. Girls High School - Sohopathi | সহপাঠী". 4 May 2018.
  9. ^ "搞淫五月天伊人,2021天天操,天天干,天天射,天天操Bb,精品人人视屏".
  10. ^ "Home". aaac.comillaboard.gov.bd.