Changbai County
长白县 · 장백현
Changbai Korean Autonomous County
长白朝鲜族自治县 · 장백조선족자치현
China–North Korea border crossing in Changbai
China–North Korea border crossing in Changbai
Location within Baishan City
Location within Baishan City
Changbai is located in Jilin
Changbai
Changbai
Location of the seat in Jilin
Coordinates: 41°25′N 128°12′E / 41.417°N 128.200°E / 41.417; 128.200
CountryChina
ProvinceJilin
Prefecture-level cityBaishan
County seatChangbai [zh]
Area
 • Total2,497.6 km2 (964.3 sq mi)
Elevation
730 m (2,400 ft)
Population
 (2020 census)[1]
 • Total58,266
 • Density23/km2 (60/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
134400
Websitewww.changbai.gov.cn
Changbai Korean Autonomous County
Simplified Chinese长白朝鲜族自治县
Traditional Chinese長白朝鮮族自治縣
Hanyu PinyinChángbái Cháoxiǎnzú Zìzhìxiàn
Chinese Korean name
Chosŏn'gŭl장백조선족자치현
Hancha長白朝鮮族自治縣
South Korean name
Hangul창바이 조선족 자치현

Changbai Korean Autonomous County[a], or simply Changbai County[b], is a county in southern Jilin province, China, facing Hyesan, North Korea. It is under the administration of the city of Baishan, 160 kilometres (99 mi) to the west-northwest, and has an area of 2,497.6 km2 (964.3 sq mi). The county has a total population of 85,000 people, 14,000 of which are ethnic Koreans (16.9% of the county's population).

Changbai is one of only two Korean autonomous areas of China, the other being Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture.

Administrative divisions

There are seven towns and one township.[2]

Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Korean McCune–Reischauer Administrative division code
Towns
Changbai Town [zh] 长白镇 Chángbái zhèn 장백진 changbaek chin 220623100
Badaogou Town 八道沟镇 Bādàogōu zhèn 팔도구진 p'altoku chin 220623101
Shisidaogou Town 十四道沟镇 Shísìdàogōu zhèn 십사도구진 sipsatoku chin 220623102
Malugou Town 马鹿沟镇 Mǎlùgōu zhèn 마록구진 marokku chin 220623103
Baoquanshan Town 宝泉山镇 Bǎoquánshān zhèn 보천산진 poch'ŏnsan chin 220623104
Xinfangzi Town 新房子镇 Xīnfángzi zhèn 신방자진 sinpangcha chin 220623105
Shi'erdaogou Town 十二道沟镇 Shí'èrdàogōu zhèn 십이도구진 sipitoku chin 220623106
Township
Jinhua Township 金华乡 Jīnhuá xiāng 금화향 kŭmhwa hyang 220623200

Climate

Climate data for Changbai, elevation 775 m (2,543 ft), (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
10.9
(51.6)
19.4
(66.9)
29.0
(84.2)
32.2
(90.0)
33.6
(92.5)
34.8
(94.6)
34.4
(93.9)
29.7
(85.5)
23.9
(75.0)
17.0
(62.6)
6.4
(43.5)
34.8
(94.6)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −9.2
(15.4)
−4.0
(24.8)
3.7
(38.7)
13.0
(55.4)
20.5
(68.9)
24.4
(75.9)
26.9
(80.4)
26.1
(79.0)
21.2
(70.2)
13.5
(56.3)
2.2
(36.0)
−7.7
(18.1)
10.9
(51.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −16.8
(1.8)
−12.1
(10.2)
−3.6
(25.5)
5.2
(41.4)
12.3
(54.1)
16.8
(62.2)
20.2
(68.4)
19.4
(66.9)
13.0
(55.4)
5.2
(41.4)
−4.6
(23.7)
−14.6
(5.7)
3.4
(38.1)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −22.9
(−9.2)
−19.1
(−2.4)
−10.1
(13.8)
−1.6
(29.1)
5.0
(41.0)
10.5
(50.9)
15.2
(59.4)
14.5
(58.1)
6.9
(44.4)
−1.3
(29.7)
−10.0
(14.0)
−20.1
(−4.2)
−2.7
(27.1)
Record low °C (°F) −36.4
(−33.5)
−33.1
(−27.6)
−25.8
(−14.4)
−12.0
(10.4)
−3.3
(26.1)
1.4
(34.5)
6.1
(43.0)
0.9
(33.6)
−5.2
(22.6)
−13.7
(7.3)
−24.7
(−12.5)
−31.9
(−25.4)
−36.4
(−33.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.1
(0.28)
13.1
(0.52)
16.8
(0.66)
33.3
(1.31)
66.9
(2.63)
90.6
(3.57)
147.4
(5.80)
122.7
(4.83)
58.1
(2.29)
29.7
(1.17)
24.8
(0.98)
11.9
(0.47)
622.4
(24.51)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.8 7.4 9.7 10.8 15.0 16.2 17.5 15.9 8.7 8.4 10.2 9.3 136.9
Average snowy days 10.8 10.0 11.6 6.8 0.5 0 0 0 0 2.5 10.5 12.8 65.5
Average relative humidity (%) 66 62 58 56 60 70 77 78 74 63 68 69 67
Mean monthly sunshine hours 194.9 196.1 225.6 219.9 232.5 214.8 203.3 203.5 212.9 213.1 169.0 170.1 2,455.7
Percent possible sunshine 66 65 61 55 52 47 45 48 58 63 58 60 57
Source: China Meteorological Administration[3][4]

See also

Notes

  1. ^
    • Chinese: 长白朝鲜族自治县; pinyin: Chángbái Cháoxiǎnzú Zìzhìxiàn
    • Korean장백조선족자치현; RRJangbaek Joseonjok Jachihyeon; MRChangbaek Chosŏnjok Chach'ihyŏn
  2. ^

References

  1. ^ "白山市第七次全国人口普查公报(第一号)——全市人口情况" (in Chinese). Baishan Bureau of Statistics. 2021-06-15.
  2. ^ 2022年统计用区划代码:长白朝鲜族自治县 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China.
  3. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 7 July 2023.
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 7 July 2023.