This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages) This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Changshu" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (July 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) This article contains weasel words: vague phrasing that often accompanies biased or unverifiable information. Such statements should be clarified or removed. (July 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Changshu
常熟市
Changshu is located in Jiangsu
Changshu
Changshu
Location in Jiangsu
Coordinates (Changshu government): 31°39′22″N 120°45′11″E / 31.656°N 120.753°E / 31.656; 120.753Coordinates: 31°39′22″N 120°45′11″E / 31.656°N 120.753°E / 31.656; 120.753
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceJiangsu
Prefecture-level citySuzhou
Government
 • CPC Changshu Committee SecretaryWang Xiang
Area
 • Total1,264 km2 (488 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)
 • Total1,515,900
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
215500
Area code(s)0512
Websitechangshu.gov.cn

Changshu (Chinese: 常熟; pinyin: Chángshú; Wade–Giles: Ch'ang-shu'; lit. 'evergrow'; Suzhounese: /d͡ʐan¹³ ʐoʔ²³/)[2] is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Suzhou, Jiangsu province, and is part of the Yangtze River Delta. It borders the prefecture-level city of Nantong to the northeast across the Yangtze River. Due to the mild climate and terrain there, it has enjoyed a high level of agriculture civilization since ancient times, and is named after this, for the first character of its name () means "always, often", while the second () means "ripe". The name of the adjacent county-level city of Taicang means "great granary".

History

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (February 2022) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Changshu first became an independent county in 540 AD, but in 581 was made subordinate to Suzhou. It was promoted to seat of a full prefecture in 1295, was rebuilt and fortified in the 14th century, but in 1370 was reduced again to the level of a county. In the 15th and 16th centuries Changshu was several times attacked by Japanese pirates.

Changshu has traditionally been a market town for locally produced rice, corn, wheat, tea, and mulberry leaves, and since the 13th century has been a major cotton-producing district. Although administratively still a subordinate city to Suzhou, it is a provincial base of foreign trade. Currently a harbour is being developed on the Yangtze River near Changshu to service Suzhou and Wuxi.

Economy

The city's major industries include textiles, paper-making, fine chemicals, machinery, steel and forestry products. The city has more than 4,000 textile and apparel companies with combined annual sales of RMB50 billion. The paper-making industry has attracted more the US$15 billion of FDI. By the end of 2007, this industry exceeded 2.4 million tons.[3]

More than 2,000 foreign enterprises have invested in Changshu including big names such as Sharp and Dunlop. Of the contracted investment at least one-third has come from Taiwan – more than 500 Taiwan enterprises have invested more than US$100 million in the city.[citation needed] UPM-Kymmene from Finland has been running a paper mill in the city since 1999 and now has an annual capacity of 200,000 tons of coated and 600,000 tons of uncoated fine paper.[citation needed]

Administrative divisions

Changshu is divided into 2 subdistricts and 9 towns.[4]

2 Subdistricts

9 Towns

  • Yushan (虞山)
  • Haiyu (海虞)
  • Meili (梅李)
  • Xinzhuang (辛庄)
  • Guli (古里)
  • Zhitang (支塘)
  • Dongbang (董浜)
  • Shajiabang (沙家浜)
  • Shanghu (尚湖)

Discontinued/Merged towns

  • Xushi (徐市)
  • Heshi (何市)
  • Renyang (任阳)
  • Baimao (白茆)
  • Tangshi (唐市)
  • Xieqiao (谢桥)
  • Dayi (大义)
  • Mocheng (莫城)
  • Wangzhuang (王庄)
  • Yetang (冶塘)
  • Liantang (练塘)
  • Yangyuan (杨园)
  • Zhangqiao (张桥)

Infrastructure

The China National Highway 204 Yantai-Nantong-Changshu-Shanghai, Sujiahang Expressway and Suzhou-Jiaxing-Hangzhou all pass through Changshu. Changshu has one Yangtze River crossing, the Sutong Yangtze River Bridge, one of the longest cable-stayed bridges in the world.[5]

Education facilities

College and universities

High schools

Tourism

Gardens and parks

Hills

Archaeological sites

Religion

Local people generally believe in Buddhism, Taoism, Protestantism and Catholicism. Changshu Christian Church is a Protestant church in the city.

Transportation

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Table showing land area and population". Suzhou People's Government. 2003. Archived from the original on 2007-12-02. Retrieved 2007-09-07.
  2. ^ Spelling variants in older written sources might be Chansu (e.g. Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911) or Chanzu (e.g. The New Larned History for Ready Reference, 1922).
  3. ^ China Briefing Business Guide: Changshu Economy
  4. ^ 中国常熟-信息公开 (in Chinese (China)). Changshu People's Government. Retrieved 2015-11-02.
  5. ^ China Briefing Business Guide: Changshu Infrastructure