Chanho
Community development block
Chanho is located in Jharkhand
Chanho
Chanho
Location in Jharkhand
Chanho is located in India
Chanho
Chanho
Chanho (India)
Coordinates: 23°31′N 84°57′E / 23.51°N 84.95°E / 23.51; 84.95Coordinates: 23°31′N 84°57′E / 23.51°N 84.95°E / 23.51; 84.95
Country India
StateJharkhand
DistrictRanchi
Government
 • TypeFederal democracy
Area
 • Total272.80 km2 (105.33 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total107,503
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
835239
Telephone/ STD code06351
Literacy73.00%
Lok Sabha constituencyLohardaga
Vidhan Sabha constituencyMandar
Websiteranchi.nic.in

Chanho block is a community development block in the Ranchi Sadar subdivision of Ranchi district in the Indian state of Jharkhand.

Geography

Chanho is located at 23°31′N 84°57′E / 23.51°N 84.95°E / 23.51; 84.95'

Chanho CD block is located on the Ranchi plateau proper. It has an average elevation of 2,140 feet (650 m) above mean sea level and the land is undulating.[1]

Chanho CD block is bounded by the Khelari CD block on the north, Burmu CD block on the east, Mandar and Bero CD blocks on the south and Kuru and Kairo CD blocks in Lohardaga district and Chandwa CD block in Latehar district on the west.[2][3][4]

Chanho CD block has an area of 272.80 km2.[5]Chanho police station serves Chano CD block.[6] The headquarters of Chano CD block is located at Chanho village.[7]

Demographics

Population

According to the 2011 Census of India, Chanho CD block had a total population of 107,503, all of which were rural. There were 54,283 (50%) males and 53,220 (50%) females. Population in the age range 0–6 years was 17,712. Scheduled Castes numbered 2,171 (2.02%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 57,608 (53.59%).[5]

The percentage of Scheduled Tribes in Ranchi district, in 2011, was 47.67% of the population (rural) in the blocks.[8] The percentage of Scheduled Tribes, numbering 1,042,016, in the total population of Ranchi district numbering 2,914,253 in 2011, was 35.76%. The Oraons forming 18.20% of the population and the Mundas forming 10.30% of the population, were the main tribes. Other tribes included (percentage of population in brackets) Lohra (2.46), Bedia (1.32) and Mahli (1.09).[9]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Chanho CD block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Balsokra (5,518), Patratu (5,941) and Choreya (4,994).[10]

Literacy

As of 2011 census, the total number of literate persons in Chanho CD block was 47,911 (73.00% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 27,129 (81.72% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 20,782 (64.08% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 17.64%.[5]

As of 2011 census, literacy in Ranchi district was 77.13%. Literacy in Jharkhand was 67.63% in 2011.[11] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[12]

See also – List of Jharkhand districts ranked by literacy rate

Literacy in CD Blocks of
Ranchi district
Ranchi Sadar subdivision
Burmu – 64.54%
Khelari – 74.83%
Kanke – 73.75%
Ormanjhi – 67.53%
Silli – 73.73%
Angara – 64.92%
Namkum – 73.72%
Ratu – 73.00%
Nagri – 71.59%
Mandar – 67.63%
Chanho – 66.81%
Bero – 67.49%
Itki – 73.58%
Lapung – 60.29%
Bundu subdivision
Rahe – 69.19%
Bundu – 66.38%
Sonahatu – 66.04%
Tamar – 62.76%
Source: 2011 Census: CD block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data


Language and religion

Religions in Chanho CD block (2011)[13]
Religion Percent
Others*
48.15%
Muslims
25.01%
Hindus
22.48%
Christians
4.01%
Other or not stated
0.35%
*mainly tribal religions like Sarna

Hindi is the official language in Jharkhand and Urdu has been declared as an additional official language.[14]

Languages of Chanho CD block (2011)[15]

  Sadri (38.06%)
  Kurukh (37.06%)
  Urdu (16.19%)
  Hindi (7.39%)
  Others (1.30%)

Rural poverty

60-70% of the population of Ranchi district were in the BPL category in 2004–2005.[16] In 2011-12, the proportion of BPL population in Ranchi district came down to 27.82%.[17] According to a study in 2013 (modified in 2019), "the incidence of poverty in Jharkhand is estimated at 46%, but 60% of the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes are still below poverty line."[18]

Economy

Livelihood

Livelihood
in Chanho CD block

  Cultivators (58.10%)
  Agricultural labourers (29.91%)
  Household industries (1.75%)
  Other Workers (10.24%)

In Chanho CD block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators numbered 27,385 and formed 58.10%, agricultural labourers numbered 14,097 and formed 29.91%, household industry workers numbered 827 and formed 1.75% and other workers numbered 4,829 and formed 10.24%. Total workers numbered 47,138 and formed 43.85% of the total population, and non-workers numbered 60,365 and formed 56.15% of the population.[19]

Infrastructure

There are 67 inhabited villages in Chanho CD block. In 2011, 15 villages had power supply. 1 village had tap water (treated/ untreated), 67 villages had well water (covered/ uncovered), 67 villages had hand pumps, and all villages have drinking water facility. 8 villages had post offices, 7 villages had sub post offices, 3 villages had telephones (land lines), 47 villages had mobile phone coverage. 59 villages had pucca (paved) village roads, 17 villages had bus service (public/ private), 14 villages had autos/ modified autos, 4 villages had taxi/vans, 2 villages had tractors. 3 villages had bank branches, 6 villages had agricultural credit societies, 7 villages had public distribution system, 58 villages had assembly polling stations.[20]

Agriculture

In Ranchi district, 23% of the total area is covered with forests. "With the gradual deforestation of the district, more and more land is being brought under cultivation." Terraced low lands are called don and the uplands are called tanr. The hill streams remain almost dry, except in the rainy season, and does not offer much scope for irrigation.[21]

In Chanho CD block, 35.44% of the total area was cultivable, in 2011. Out of this, 10.51% was irrigated land.[22]

Backward Regions Grant Fund

Ranchi district is listed as a backward region and receives financial support from the Backward Regions Grant Fund. The fund, created by the Government of India, is designed to redress regional imbalances in development. As of 2012, 272 districts across the country were listed under this scheme. The list includes 21 districts of Jharkhand.[23][24]

Transport

National Highway 39 (Ranchi-Daltonganj), an important roadway in Ranchi district, passes through Chanho block.[25][26]

Education

Chanho CD block had 3 villages with pre-primary schools, 65 villages with primary schools, 33 villages with middle schools, 9 villages with secondary schools, 3 villages with senior secondary schools, 2 villages with no educational facilities.[27]
.*Senior secondary schools are also known as Inter colleges in Jharkhand

Healthcare

Chanho CD block had 4 villages with primary health centres, 20 villages with primary health subcentres, 3 villages with maternity and child welfare centres, 5 villages with allopathic hospitals, 8 villages with dispensaries, 5 villages with family welfare centres, 6 villages with medicine shops.[27]

Government hospital and private hospital also here present.


.*Private medical practitioners, alternative medicine etc. not included

References

  1. ^ "District Census Handbook Ranchi, Series 21 Part XII A, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Page 9: Administrative Setup, Page 10: Physiography. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  2. ^ "Ranchi CD block/ Tehsil map". Maps of India. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  3. ^ "Lohardaga CD block/ Tehsil map". Maps of India. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  4. ^ "Latehar CD blocks/ Tehsil map". Maps of India. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  5. ^ a b c "District Census Handbook, Ranchi, Series 21, Part XII B" (PDF). Page 28: District primary census abstract, 2011 census. Directorate of Census Operations Jharkhand. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  6. ^ "District Police Profile - Ranchi". Jharkhand Police. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  7. ^ "District Census Handbook, Ranchi, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Map of Ranchi district on the third page. Directorate of Census Operations Jharkhand. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  8. ^ "District Census Handbook, Ranchi, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 56, Table 14: Number and percentage of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes (rural) population in CD Blocks, 2011. Directorate of Census Operations Jharkhand. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  9. ^ "District Census Handbook, Ranchi, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 39-40: Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes of Cenus 2011. Directorate of Census Operations Jharkhand. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  10. ^ "District Census Handbook, Ranchi, Series 21, Part XII B" (PDF). Page 250, 256. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  11. ^ "Provisional Population Totals Paper 1 of 2011: Jharkhand". Sr. No. 5, Sheet 2. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Government of India. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  12. ^ "Ranking of states and union territories by literacy rate: 2011" (PDF). Page 110. Government of India. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  13. ^ "Table C-01 Population By Religion - Jharkhand". census.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  14. ^ "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. p. 35. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  15. ^ "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Jharkhand". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  16. ^ "Rural Poverty in Jharkhand, India" (PDF). Table I: Spatial Distribution of Poverty in Jharkhand. Munich Personal RePEc Archive. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  17. ^ "Spatial poverty in Jharkhand". Mint. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  18. ^ "Rural Poverty in Jharkhand, India: An Empirical Study based on Panel Data". MPRA. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  19. ^ "District Census Handbook 2011 Ranchi, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Tables 30 and 33, pages 67 and 71. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  20. ^ "District Census Handbook, Ranchi, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 595-598, Appendix I: Village Directory. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 2 September 2021.
  21. ^ "District Census Handbook, Ranchi, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 11:Forestry and Flora and Fauna, Page12: Soil and Cropping, Land and Land use pattern, tenancy and agriculture, Page 13: Irrigation. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 2 September 2021.
  22. ^ "District Census Handbook, Ranchi, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 84, Table 41: Distribution of villages according to land use. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 2 September 2021.
  23. ^ "Backward Regions Grant Funds: Programme Guidelines" (PDF). Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 October 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2021.
  24. ^ "Backward Regions Grant Fund". Press Release, 14 June 2012. Press Information Bureau, Government of India. Retrieved 3 September 2021.
  25. ^ "District Census Handbook Ranchi, Census of India 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 15 Transport. Directorate of census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 25 September 2021.
  26. ^ Google maps
  27. ^ a b "District Census Handbook Ranchi, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 595-596. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 3 September 2021.