The Earl of Liverpool
Portrait by George Romney
President of the Board of Trade
In office
23 August 1786 – 7 June 1804
MonarchGeorge III
Prime MinisterWilliam Pitt the Younger
Henry Addington
Preceded byThe Lord Sydney (President of the Committee on Trade and Foreign Plantations)
Succeeded byThe Duke of Montrose
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
In office
6 September 1786 – 11 November 1803
MonarchGeorge III
Prime MinisterWilliam Pitt the Younger
Henry Addington
Preceded byThe Earl of Clarendon
Succeeded byLord Pelham
Personal details
Born26 April 1729 (2022-02-07UTC01:39:38)
Oxfordshire, England
Died17 December 1808 (1808-12-18) (aged 79)
London, England
NationalityBritish
Spouse(s)
Amelia Watts
(m. 1769; died 1770)

Catherine Bishopp
(m. 1782)
Alma materUniversity College, Oxford

Charles Jenkinson, 1st Earl of Liverpool, PC (26 April 1729 – 17 December 1808), known as Lord Hawkesbury between 1786 and 1796, was a British statesman. He was the father of Prime Minister Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool.

Early years, family and education

He was born in Oxfordshire,[where?] the eldest son of Colonel Charles Jenkinson (1693–1750) and Amarantha (daughter of Wolfran Cornewall). The earl was the grandson of Sir Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Baronet, of Walcot, Oxfordshire. The Jenkinson family was descended from Anthony Jenkinson (died 1611), who was a sea-captain, merchant, and traveller and the first known Englishman to penetrate into Central Asia. Liverpool was educated at Charterhouse School and University College, Oxford, where he graduated Master of Arts in 1752.[1]

Political career

In 1761, Liverpool entered parliament as member for Cockermouth and was made Under-Secretary of State by Lord Bute. He won the favour of George III, and when Bute retired Jenkinson became the leader of the "King's Friends" in the House of Commons. In 1763, George Grenville appointed him joint Secretary to the Treasury.[1]

In 1766,after a short retirement, he became a Lord of the Admiralty and then a Lord of the Treasury in the Grafton administration. In 1772, Jenkinson became a Privy Councillor and Vice Treasurer of Ireland, and in 1775 he purchased the lucrative sinecure of Clerk of the Pells in Ireland and became Master of the Mint of Ireland.[1]

From 1778 until the close of Lord North's ministry in 1782 he was Secretary at War. From 1786 to 1804, he was President of the Board of Trade and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, and he was popularly regarded as enjoying the confidence of the king to a special degree.[1]

Addiscombe Place, c. 1859
Addiscombe Place, c. 1859

In 1786 he was created Baron Hawkesbury, of Hawkesbury in the County of Gloucester, and ten years later, Earl of Liverpool. He also succeeded his cousin in 1790 as the 7th Baronet of Walcot and to the family estates. He lived at Addiscombe Place, Surrey and in Hawkesbury, Gloucestershire. He died in London on 17 December 1808.[1]

Family

Liverpool was twice married. In 1769 he married first Amelia, daughter of William Watts, governor of Fort William, Bengal, and of his wife, better known as Begum Johnson.[1] Amelia died in July 1770, a month after the birth of her only child, Robert.[2]

Liverpool married secondly Catherine, daughter of Sir Cecil Bishopp, 6th Baronet, and widow of Sir Charles Cope, 2nd Baronet,[1] on 22 June 1782 at her house in Hertford Street, London.[3] They had one son, Charles, who became 3rd Earl of Liverpool, and one daughter, Charlotte, who married James Grimston, 1st Earl of Verulam.[2]

On Lord Liverpool's death, he was succeeded by his son from his first marriage, Robert, who became a prominent politician and eventually Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.[4] The Countess of Liverpool died in October 1827, aged 82.[3]

Legacy

Liverpool wrote several political works, but according to the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, other than for his Treatise on the Coins of the Realm (1805) these are "without striking merits".[1]

The Hawkesbury River in New South Wales, Australia and Hawkesbury, Ontario, Canada were named after Jenkinson shortly after he was created Baron Hawkesbury.

At least two ships were named after Jenkinson under his title of Lord Hawkesbury: one launched in America in 1781—presumably under another name—but entered in Lloyd's Register from 1787 as the Lord Hawkesbury, sailing as a whaler; and the East Indiaman Lord Hawkesbury, launched in 1787.

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Chisholm 1911.
  2. ^ a b Petrie 1954, p. 4.
  3. ^ a b Cokayne 1906, p. 19.
  4. ^ Petrie 1954, p. 130.

References

Attribution:

Further reading

Political offices Preceded byFrancis Gashry Treasurer of the Ordnance 1762–1763 Succeeded byJohn Ross Mackye Preceded byThe Lord Sydneyas President of the Committee on Trade and Foreign Plantations President of the Board of Trade 1786–1804 Succeeded byThe Duke of Montrose Preceded byThe Earl of Clarendon Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1786–1803 Succeeded byThe Lord Pelham Parliament of Great Britain Preceded bySir John MordauntPercy Wyndham-O'Brien Member of Parliament for Cockermouth 1761–1767 With: Sir John Mordaunt Succeeded bySir John MordauntJohn Elliot Preceded byJohn StanwixPhilip Honywood Member of Parliament for Appleby 1767–1772 With: Philip Honywood Succeeded byFletcher NortonPhilip Honywood Preceded byEdward HarveyJohn Roberts Member of Parliament for Harwich 1772–1774 With: Edward Harvey Succeeded byEdward HarveyJohn Robinson Preceded bySamuel MartinWilliam Ashburnham Member of Parliament for Hastings 1774–1780 With: The Viscount Palmerston Succeeded byThe Viscount PalmerstonJohn Ord Preceded byGrey CooperPaul Wentworth Member of Parliament for Saltash 1780–1786 With: Grey Cooper 1780–1784Charles Ambler 1784–1786 Succeeded byCharles AmblerThe Earl of Mornington Peerage of Great Britain New creation Earl of Liverpool 1796–1808 Succeeded byRobert Jenkinson Baron Hawkesbury 1786–1803 Baronetage of England Preceded byBanks Jenkinson Baronet (of Hawkesbury) 1790–1808 Succeeded byRobert Jenkinson