The Earl of Liverpool
Charles Jenkinson, 3rd Earl of Liverpool (cropped).jpg
Lord Steward of the Household
In office
3 September 1841 – 29 June 1846
MonarchQueen Victoria
Prime MinisterSir Robert Peel, Bt
Preceded byThe Earl of Erroll
Succeeded byThe Earl Fortescue
Personal details
Born(1784-05-29)29 May 1784
Died3 October 1851(1851-10-03) (aged 67)
NationalityBritish
Political partyTory
Spouse(s)Julia Shuckburgh-Evelyn
(d. 1814)

Charles Cecil Cope Jenkinson, 3rd Earl of Liverpool GCB PC (29 May 1784 – 3 October 1851), styled The Honourable Charles Jenkinson between 1786 and 1828, was a British politician.

Background

Liverpool was the son of Charles Jenkinson, 1st Earl of Liverpool, by his second wife Catherine, daughter of Sir Cecil Bishopp, 6th Baronet, and the younger half-brother of Prime Minister Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool.[1] He was educated at Charterhouse School and Christ Church, Oxford.

Between school and university he was placed as a rating (at his father's insistence) in the Royal Navy until a mutiny in 1797 led to him fleeing his ship, HMS Pomone.[2] During the Napoleonic Wars, he was a cornet in the Surrey Yeomanry in 1803[2] and later served as a volunteer in the Austrian Army at the Battle of Austerlitz in 1805.[3] In 1810, he was lieutenant-colonel of the Cinque Ports militia.[2]

In 1807, he inherited the Pitchford Hall estate in Shropshire following the death of Adam Ottley (the last of his family's male line).[4]

Political career

The Hon. Charles Jenkinson, as he was then, was elected Member of Parliament for Sandwich in 1807, a seat he held until 1812,[5] and then sat for Bridgnorth from 1812 to 1818,[6] and for East Grinstead from 1818 to 1828.[7] He held office under the Duke of Portland as Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department from 1807 to 1809 and under Spencer Perceval as Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies from 1809 to 1810, but did not serve in his brother's 1812 to 1827 Tory administration. Liverpool succeeded in the earldom of Liverpool in 1828 on the death of his elder brother and took his seat in the House of Lords. In 1841 he was invested a member of the Privy Council[8] and appointed Lord Steward of the Household in the government of Sir Robert Peel,[9] a post he held until 1846.[10]

Family

On 19 July 1810, Jenkinson married Julia Evelyn Medley Shuckburgh-Evelyn, daughter of Sir George Shuckburgh-Evelyn, 6th Baronet, and Julia Annabella Evelyn.[11] The couple had had three daughters:

Julia died in April 1814, shortly after the birth of their youngest child, Louisa. Jenkinson remained a widower until his death in October 1851, aged 67.

In 1828, he inherited the Jenkinson baronetcy, the barony of Hawkesbury and the earldom of Liverpool at the death of his older half-brother, the former prime minister. On his own death, the barony and the earldom became extinct, but the baronetcy (created in 1661) survived, and was passed on to a cousin.

The barony was revived in 1893 in favour of Liverpool's grandson, the Liberal politician Cecil Foljambe, the son of Liverpool's second daughter Lady Selina and her husband George Foljambe. In 1905, the earldom was also revived in favour of Lord Hawkesbury.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b thepeerage.com Charles Cecil Cope Jenkinson, 3rd Earl of Liverpool
  2. ^ a b c "Jenkinson, Hon. Charles Cecil Cope (1784-1851), of Pitchford Hall, Salop and Buxted Park, Suss". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 11 March 2021.
  3. ^ Dictionary of National Biography
  4. ^ "Shropshire Houses-Past and Present". Retrieved 5 November 2012.
  5. ^ "leighrayment.com House of Commons: Salisbury to Shaftesbury". Archived from the original on 14 September 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2009.((cite web)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  6. ^ "leighrayment.com House of Commons: Bradford North to Brightside". Archived from the original on 25 June 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2009.((cite web)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  7. ^ "leighrayment.com House of Commons: Ealing to Elgin". Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 22 November 2009.((cite web)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  8. ^ "No. 20014". The London Gazette. 3 September 1841. p. 2221.
  9. ^ "No. 20015". The London Gazette. 7 September 1841. p. 2247.
  10. ^ "No. 20621". The London Gazette. 10 July 1846. p. 2534.
  11. ^ "Person Page".
  12. ^ Collen, Henry. "Lady Catherine Vernon-Harcourt (1837-1877)". Royal Collection Trust.
  13. ^ "Person Page".