Charles Anthony Swainson (1820–1887) was an English theologian, Principal of Chichester Theological College, Norris–Hulse Professor of Divinity, and subsequently Lady Margaret's Professor of Divinity, Master of Christ's College, Cambridge and a canon of Chichester.[a] His published works deal mainly with the Eastern liturgies and the creeds.
He was the second son of Anthony Swainson of Liverpool, a merchant and brother of Charles Swainson of Preston. He was educated at the Royal Institution of Liverpool's school, and matriculated at Trinity College, Cambridge in 1837, graduating B.A. in 1841, M.A. in 1844, and D.D. in 1864.