Charles Welter
Charles Welter in 1926
Parliamentary leader in the
House of Representatives
In office
27 July 1948 – 28 May 1956
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byOffice discontinued
Parliamentary groupCatholic National Party
Leader of the Catholic
National Party
In office
11 December 1948 – 28 May 1956
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byOffice discontinued
Chairman of the Catholic
National Party
In office
11 December 1948 – 28 May 1956
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byOffice discontinued
Member of the Senate
In office
20 November 1945 – 24 July 1946
Parliamentary groupCatholic People's Party
(1945–1946)
Roman Catholic
State Party

(1945)
Minister of Finance
In office
3 September 1940 – 27 July 1941
Prime MinisterPieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
Preceded byDirk Jan de Geer
Succeeded byMax Steenberghe
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
27 July 1948 – 5 June 1963
In office
8 June 1937 – 28 June 1937
Parliamentary groupCatholic People's Party
(1956–1963)
Catholic National Party
(1948–1956)
Roman Catholic
State Party

(1937)
Minister of Colonial Affairs
In office
10 August 1939 – 17 November 1941
Prime MinisterDirk Jan de Geer
(1939–1940)
Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
(1940–1941)
Preceded byCornelis van
den Bussche
Succeeded byPieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
In office
24 June 1937 – 25 July 1939
Prime MinisterHendrikus Colijn
Preceded byHendrikus Colijn
Succeeded byCornelis van
den Bussche
In office
1 October 1925 – 8 March 1926
Prime MinisterHendrikus Colijn
Preceded byHendrikus Colijn (Ad interim)
Succeeded byJacob Koningsberger
Personal details
Born
Charles Joseph Ignace Marie Welter

(1880-04-06)6 April 1880
The Hague, Netherlands
Died28 March 1972(1972-03-28) (aged 91)
The Hague, Netherlands
NationalityDutch
Political partyCatholic People's Party
(from 1956)
Other political
affiliations
Catholic National Party
(1948–1956)
Independent Christian Democrat
(Conservative Catholic)
(1947–1948)
Catholic People's Party
(1945–1947)
Roman Catholic
State Party
(1926–1945)
General League of
Roman Catholic
Caucuse
(until 1926)
Spouse(s)
Geertruida Burger
(m. 1921)
Children4 daughters and 2 sons
Alma materDelft Polytechnic School
(Bachelor of Letters)
OccupationPolitician · Diplomat · Civil servant · Nonprofit director · Political pundit · Critic · Lobbyist

Charles Joseph Ignace Marie Welter (6 April 1880 – 28 March 1972) was a Dutch politician and diplomat of the defunct General League of Roman Catholic Caucuses (ABRK) party later the Roman Catholic State Party (RKSP), the Catholic People's Party (KVP) and founder of Catholic National Party (KNP) before rejoining the Catholic People's Party now merged into the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) party and nonprofit director.[1]

Welter worked as a civil servant for the Ministry of the Interior from July 1901 until October 1902 and for the Ministry of Colonial Affairs in the Kedu Residency and Pekalongan in the Dutch East Indies from October 1902 until April 1908 and in Batavia from April 1908 until May 1911. Welter moved back to the Netherlands and worked for the Ministry of Colonial Affairs in The Hague from May 1911 until November 1915 and returned to the Dutch East Indies working for the Ministry of Colonial Affairs in Batavia from November 1915 until October 1925. After the election of 1925 Welter was appointed as Minister of Colonial Affairs in the Cabinet Colijn I, taking office on 1 October 1925. The Cabinet Colijn I fell just 3 months laste on 11 November 1925 and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity until the cabinet formation of 1926 with Welters not giving a cabinet post in the new cabinet, the Cabinet Colijn I was replaced by the Cabinet De Geer I on 8 March 1926. In March 1926 Welters was nominated as a Member of the Council of India, serving from 30 March 1926 until 30 March 1931. Welter semi-retired from active politic and became active in the public sector served on several state commissions and councils on behalf of the government (Cadastre Agency, Statistics Netherlands and the Welter Commission) and as an diplomat and lobbyist for several economic delegations on behalf of the government. Welter was elected as a Member of the House of Representatives after the election of 1937, taking office on 8 June 1937. Following the cabinet formation of 1937 Welter was appointed again as Minister of Colonial Affairs in the Cabinet Colijn IV, taking office on 24 June 1937. The Cabinet Colijn IV fell on 29 June 1939 and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity until the first cabinet formation of 1939 with Welters not giving a cabinet post in the new cabinet, the Cabinet Colijn IV was replaced by the Cabinet Colijn V on 25 July 1939. On 25 July 1939 just three days later Cabinet Colijn V was dismissed by Queen Wilhelmina and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity until the second cabinet formation of 1939 when it was replaced by the Cabinet De Geer II with Welter again appointed as Minister of Colonial Affairs, taking office on 10 August 1939.

On 10 May 1940 Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands and the government fled to London to escape the German occupation. The Cabinet De Geer II fell on 26 August 1940 after a conflict between Queen Wilhelmina and Prime Minister Dirk Jan de Geer and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity until the cabinet formation of 1940 when it was replaced by the Cabinet Gerbrandy I with Welter continuing as Minister of Colonial Affairs and was appointed as Minister of Finance dual serving in both positions, taking office on 3 September 1940. The Cabinet Gerbrandy I fell on 12 June 1941 after a conflict between Queen Wilhelmina and Minister of Defence Adriaan Dijxhoorn and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity until the cabinet formation of 1941 when it was replaced by the Cabinet Gerbrandy II with Welter continuing as of Minister of Colonial Affairs, taking office on 27 July 1941. On 17 November 1941 Welter and Minister of Finance and Minister of Commerce, Industry and Shipping Max Steenberghe resigned after disagreeing with the cabinets war policies.

Decorations

Honours
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
Knight of the Order of the Netherlands Lion Netherlands 13 August 1923
Grand Officer of the Order of Oranje-Nassau Netherlands 16 May 1933

References

  1. ^ "Welter, Charles Joseph Ignace Marie (1880-1972)" (in Dutch). Huygens ING. 12 November 2013. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
Official
Party political offices Preceded byOffice established Leader of the Catholic National Party 1948–1956 Succeeded byOffice discontinued Chairman of the Catholic National Party 1948–1956 Parliamentary leader of the Catholic National Party in the House of Representatives 1948–1956 Political offices Preceded byHendrikus Colijn Ad interim Minister of Colonial Affairs 1925–1926 1937–1939 1939–1941 Succeeded byJacob Koningsberger Preceded byHendrikus Colijn Succeeded byCornelis van den Bussche Preceded byCornelis van den Bussche Succeeded byPieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy Preceded byDirk Jan de Geer Minister of Finance 1940–1941 Succeeded byMax Steenberghe Records Preceded bySimon de Vries Oldest living former cabinet member 27 September 1961 – 28 March 1972 Succeeded byLaurentius Nicolaas Deckers