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Charley Eugene Johns
Charley Eugene Johns 1963.jpg
32nd Governor of Florida
In office
September 28, 1953 – January 4, 1955
Preceded byDaniel T. McCarty
Succeeded byLeRoy Collins
Member of the Florida Senate
In office
1947–1953, 1955–1966
Personal details
BornFebruary 27, 1905
Starke, Florida
DiedJanuary 23, 1990(1990-01-23) (aged 84)
Gainesville, Florida
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Thelma Brinson
Professioninsurance agent, railroad conductor

Charley Eugene Johns (February 27, 1905 – January 23, 1990) was an American politician. Johns served as the 32nd Governor of Florida from 1953 to 1955.

Johns was born in Starke, Florida. He worked as a railroad conductor and insurance agent before being elected to the State Senate as a Democrat in 1947. Johns became the Senate President in April 1953, a position Markley Johns, his brother, had been elected to. Johns was a member of the "Pork Chop Gang", a group of 20 conservative legislators from North Florida who favored racial segregation and consolidated political power and money in the northern, more rural parts of the state. One of the Johns most remembered initiatives during his early state Senate years was to build a new, portable electric chair to be transported by truck with an electric generator and set up in a jail or a courthouse where the convicted was sentenced.[1]

After the death of Governor Dan McCarty on September 28, 1953, Johns became the Acting Governor under the provisions of the state constitution at that time, which provided for the state Senate President to become the Acting Governor upon the death, incapacitation, or resignation of the Governor. During his term as Acting Governor, Johns promoted highway construction, eliminating tolls on the Overseas Highway between Miami and Key West. He was also an advocate for prison reform. In 1954, Johns ran for election to a term as governor in his own right, but was defeated by LeRoy Collins. After leaving office on January 4, 1955, he returned to the Florida Senate, serving until 1966.

Johns is most remembered for his support and chairmanship of the infamous Florida Legislative Investigation Committee, nicknamed the "Johns Committee" because of Johns' chairmanship. This committee participated in the Red Scare and Lavender scare by investigating communists, homosexuals, and civil rights advocates among the students and faculty of Florida's university system. They were responsible for revoking teachers' certificates and firing university professors. By 1963, the committee had forced the dismissal or resignation of over 100 professors and deans at the University of Florida, Florida State University and the University of South Florida.[citation needed] One professor, Sigismond Diettrich, chair of the geography department of the University of Florida, attempted suicide after being investigated by the committee. The state legislature ended funding for the committee in 1964 after it released a report called Homosexuality and Citizenship in Florida, which infamously became known as the "Purple Pamphlet".[2] Its many photographs depicting homosexual acts outraged legislators and reportedly copies of the report were being sold as pornography in New York City.

References

  1. ^ "State: The story of Old Sparky". Archived from the original on September 30, 2000.
  2. ^ Full text: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00004805/00001, retrieved July 20, 2015.
Political offices Preceded byDaniel T. McCarty Governor of Florida September 28, 1953 – January 4, 1955 Succeeded byLeRoy Collins