Charlton County
Charlton County Courthouse in Folkston
Map of Georgia highlighting Charlton County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 30°47′N 82°08′W / 30.78°N 82.14°W / 30.78; -82.14
Country United States
State Georgia
Founded1854; 168 years ago (1854)
Named forRobert M. Charlton
SeatFolkston
Largest cityFolkston
Area
 • Total782 sq mi (2,030 km2)
 • Land774 sq mi (2,000 km2)
 • Water8.8 sq mi (23 km2)  1.1%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2019)
13,392[1]
 • Density16.4/sq mi (6.3/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitehttps://www.charltoncountyga.us/

Charlton County is the southernmost county of the U.S. state of Georgia, located in the southeastern part of the state. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,171.[2] The county seat is Folkston.[3]

History

Georgia, by an act of the Georgia General Assembly on February 18, 1854.[4] The original county seat was at Trader's Hill, until 1901. Additional lands from Ware County, Georgia, were added to Charlton's borders by an 1855 act of the General Assembly. In 1856, an additional legislative act redefined the Charlton–Camden borders again with each county ceding land to the other.[5]

The county is named for Robert Milledge Charlton, a U. S. Senator from Georgia.[6]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 782 square miles (2,030 km2), of which 774 square miles (2,000 km2) is land and 8.8 square miles (23 km2) (1.1%) is water.[7] It is the fifth-largest county by area in Georgia. It is the southernmost county in Georgia. A large portion of the county lies within the Okefenokee Swamp and its federally protected areas.

The entire central and southern portion of Charlton County is located in the St. Marys sub-basin of the St. Marys-Satilla basin. The county's northeastern portion, north of Homeland, is located in the Satilla River sub-basin of the St. Marys-Satilla basin. The western portion of Charlton County is located in the Upper Suwannee River sub-basin of the larger Suwannee River basin.[8] The country's southern region is level with the northern most part of the central and eastern Panhandle of the Florida peninsula.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18601,780
18701,8976.6%
18802,15413.5%
18903,33554.8%
19003,5927.7%
19104,72231.5%
19204,536−3.9%
19304,381−3.4%
19405,25620.0%
19504,821−8.3%
19605,31310.2%
19705,6806.9%
19807,34329.3%
19908,49615.7%
200010,28221.0%
201012,17118.4%
2019 (est.)13,392[9]10.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2019[2]

2000 census

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 10,282 people, 3,342 households, and 2,499 families living in the county. The population density was 13 people per square mile (5/km2). There were 3,859 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 68.59% White, 29.26% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. 0.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,342 households, out of which 37.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.40% were married couples living together, 15.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.20% were non-families. 21.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.50% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 31.70% from 25 to 44, 20.60% from 45 to 64, and 9.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 112.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,869, and the median income for a family was $33,364. Males had a median income of $26,631 versus $17,978 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,920. About 17.80% of families and 20.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.10% of those under age 18 and 20.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 12,171 people, 3,927 households, and 2,866 families living in the county.[15] The population density was 15.7 inhabitants per square mile (6.1/km2). There were 4,475 housing units at an average density of 5.8 per square mile (2.2/km2).[16] The racial makeup of the county was 68.6% white, 28.5% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.5% of the population.[15] In terms of ancestry, 7.9% were American, 7.3% were English, and 6.2% were Irish.[17]

Of the 3,927 households, 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.0% were non-families, and 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.10. The median age was 38.2 years.[15]

The median income for a household in the county was $40,850 and the median income for a family was $45,913. Males had a median income of $36,675 versus $25,140 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,652. About 18.1% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.4% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.[18]

2020 census

Charlton County racial composition[19]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 7,532 60.17%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 2,386 19.06%
Native American 40 0.32%
Asian 109 0.87%
Pacific Islander 2 0.02%
Other/Mixed 413 3.3%
Hispanic or Latino 2,036 16.26%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 12,518 people, 3,675 households, and 2,685 families residing in the county.

Communities

Education

Main article: Charlton County School District

Politics

United States presidential election results for Charlton County, Georgia[20]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,419 74.85% 1,105 24.19% 44 0.96%
2016 2,951 73.48% 1,004 25.00% 61 1.52%
2012 2,527 67.12% 1,197 31.79% 41 1.09%
2008 2,466 66.70% 1,197 32.38% 34 0.92%
2004 2,311 68.15% 1,064 31.38% 16 0.47%
2000 1,770 62.86% 1,015 36.04% 31 1.10%
1996 1,374 45.33% 1,368 45.13% 289 9.53%
1992 1,333 46.09% 1,127 38.97% 432 14.94%
1988 1,327 57.60% 943 40.93% 34 1.48%
1984 1,368 55.18% 1,111 44.82% 0 0.00%
1980 779 34.08% 1,469 64.26% 38 1.66%
1976 452 20.53% 1,750 79.47% 0 0.00%
1972 1,244 80.05% 310 19.95% 0 0.00%
1968 332 17.08% 455 23.41% 1,157 59.52%
1964 1,179 67.26% 574 32.74% 0 0.00%
1960 289 28.28% 733 71.72% 0 0.00%
1956 204 21.38% 750 78.62% 0 0.00%
1952 288 26.11% 815 73.89% 0 0.00%
1948 70 12.32% 339 59.68% 159 27.99%
1944 89 16.15% 462 83.85% 0 0.00%
1940 60 9.65% 562 90.35% 0 0.00%
1936 28 5.63% 468 94.16% 1 0.20%
1932 32 8.82% 330 90.91% 1 0.28%
1928 160 27.83% 415 72.17% 0 0.00%
1924 20 11.24% 151 84.83% 7 3.93%
1920 28 15.14% 157 84.86% 0 0.00%
1916 11 4.74% 169 72.84% 52 22.41%
1912 49 22.17% 150 67.87% 22 9.95%


See also

References

  1. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Charlton County, Georgia". Census Bureau QuickFacts.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 39. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  5. ^ "Charlton County". New Georgia Encyclopedia.
  6. ^ "Charlton County". Georgia.gov. Archived from the original on June 14, 2012. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 27, 2015.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  15. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  16. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  17. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  18. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  19. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  20. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 19, 2018.

Media related to Charlton County, Georgia at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 30°47′N 82°08′W / 30.78°N 82.14°W / 30.78; -82.14