Chelan County
Chelan County Courthouse
Chelan County Courthouse
Official seal of Chelan County
Map of Washington highlighting Chelan County
Location within the U.S. state of Washington
Map of the United States highlighting Washington
Washington's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 47°53′N 120°38′W / 47.88°N 120.64°W / 47.88; -120.64
Country United States
State Washington
FoundedMarch 13, 1899
SeatWenatchee
Largest cityWenatchee
Area
 • Total2,994 sq mi (7,750 km2)
 • Land2,921 sq mi (7,570 km2)
 • Water73 sq mi (190 km2)  2.5%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total79,074
 • Estimate 
(2021)
79,646 Increase
 • Density26/sq mi (10/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
Congressional district8th
Websitewww.co.chelan.wa.us

Chelan County (/ʃəˈlæn/) is a county in the U.S. state of Washington. As of the 2020 census, its population was 79,074.[1] The county seat and largest city is Wenatchee.[2] The county was created out of Okanogan and Kittitas Counties on March 13, 1899.[3][4] It derives its name from a Chelan Indian word meaning "deep water," likely a reference to 55-mile (89 km)-long Lake Chelan, which reaches a maximum depth of 1,486 feet (453 m).

Chelan County is part of the Wenatchee, Washington, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,994 square miles (7,750 km2), of which 2,921 square miles (7,570 km2) is land and 73 square miles (190 km2) (2.5%) is water.[5] It is the third-largest county in Washington by area.

Geographic features

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19003,931
191015,104284.2%
192020,90638.4%
193031,63451.3%
194034,4128.8%
195039,30114.2%
196040,7443.7%
197041,3551.5%
198045,0619.0%
199052,25016.0%
200066,61627.5%
201072,4538.8%
202079,0749.1%
2021 (est.)79,646[6]0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790–1960[8] 1900–1990[9]
1990–2000[10] 2010–2020[1]

2000 census

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 66,616 people, 25,021 households, and 17,364 families living in the county. The population density was 23 people per square mile (9/km2). There were 30,407 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 83.63% White, 0.26% Black or African American, 0.99% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 12.19% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. 19.26% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.9% were of German, 11.2% English, 9.3% United States or American and 7.1% Irish ancestry. 80.9% spoke English and 18.1% Spanish as their first language.

There were 25,021 households, out of which 34.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.40% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.60% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.00% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,316, and the median income for a family was $46,293. Males had a median income of $35,065 versus $25,838 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,273. About 8.80% of families and 12.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.00% of those under age 18 and 7.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 72,453 people, 27,827 households, and 18,795 families living in the county.[12] The population density was 24.8 inhabitants per square mile (9.6/km2). There were 35,465 housing units at an average density of 12.1 per square mile (4.7/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 79.3% white, 1.0% American Indian, 0.8% Asian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 15.7% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 25.8% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 17.6% were German, 15.0% were American, 11.3% were English, and 8.3% were Irish.[14]

Of the 27,827 households, 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.5% were non-families, and 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.10. The median age was 39.3 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $48,674 and the median income for a family was $57,856. Males had a median income of $41,076 versus $34,261 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,378. About 8.2% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.8% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Communities

Old barn, Chumstick, Washington
Old barn, Chumstick, Washington

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

Politics

Chelan County is part of the 8th Congressional District federally, represented by Democrat Kim Schrier. Formerly a Republican Party stronghold, it has narrowed up considerably in recent years, with Donald Trump only carrying the county by around 8 points over Joe Biden in 2020. [16]

United States presidential election results for Chelan County, Washington[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 22,746 52.52% 19,349 44.68% 1,211 2.80%
2016 18,114 52.61% 13,032 37.85% 3,287 9.55%
2012 18,402 56.64% 13,112 40.36% 974 3.00%
2008 17,605 54.74% 13,781 42.85% 777 2.42%
2004 18,482 62.80% 10,471 35.58% 477 1.62%
2000 16,980 63.89% 8,412 31.65% 1,184 4.46%
1996 12,363 51.79% 8,595 36.01% 2,912 12.20%
1992 10,716 45.65% 7,860 33.48% 4,900 20.87%
1988 11,601 57.82% 8,183 40.78% 281 1.40%
1984 13,667 65.10% 6,978 33.24% 349 1.66%
1980 11,299 56.92% 6,483 32.66% 2,068 10.42%
1976 10,492 56.13% 7,623 40.78% 577 3.09%
1972 10,470 60.13% 5,889 33.82% 1,054 6.05%
1968 9,093 52.77% 6,787 39.39% 1,350 7.84%
1964 7,406 41.56% 10,295 57.77% 121 0.68%
1960 9,854 54.10% 8,177 44.89% 183 1.00%
1956 10,405 57.42% 7,600 41.94% 117 0.65%
1952 11,164 61.73% 6,867 37.97% 53 0.29%
1948 7,392 48.15% 7,702 50.17% 257 1.67%
1944 7,081 51.64% 6,557 47.82% 75 0.55%
1940 8,019 52.50% 7,181 47.02% 73 0.48%
1936 4,975 36.89% 8,030 59.54% 481 3.57%
1932 5,584 40.29% 7,316 52.79% 959 6.92%
1928 7,672 77.07% 2,239 22.49% 43 0.43%
1924 4,543 55.56% 995 12.17% 2,639 32.27%
1920 3,885 58.55% 1,540 23.21% 1,210 18.24%
1916 3,011 47.63% 2,747 43.46% 563 8.91%
1912 970 18.83% 1,331 25.84% 2,849 55.32%
1908 1,639 59.71% 871 31.73% 235 8.56%
1904 1,248 72.18% 372 21.52% 109 6.30%
1900 577 48.98% 573 48.64% 28 2.38%


See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ McCormick, Ida Skarson (1999). "Links to Okanogan County, Washington". Archived from the original on May 5, 2006.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
  15. ^ "Presidential Election Results: Biden Wins". The New York Times. November 3, 2020. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 26, 2020.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 5, 2018.

Further reading

Coordinates: 47°53′N 120°38′W / 47.88°N 120.64°W / 47.88; -120.64