Chenzhou
郴州市
Chen River and the residential on the river bank in Chenzhou City
Chen River and the residential on the river bank in Chenzhou City
Chenzhou
Chenzhou's administrative area in Hunan
Chenzhou is located in Hunan
Chenzhou
Chenzhou
Location of the city center in Hunan
Coordinates (Chenzhou municipal government): 25°46′12″N 113°00′58″E / 25.770°N 113.016°E / 25.770; 113.016Coordinates: 25°46′12″N 113°00′58″E / 25.770°N 113.016°E / 25.770; 113.016
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHunan
Municipal seatBeihu District
Area
 • Prefecture-level city19,317 km2 (7,458 sq mi)
 • Urban
 (2017)[1]
580.00 km2 (223.94 sq mi)
Population
 (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city4,581,778
 • Density240/km2 (610/sq mi)
 • Urban
 (2020)[1]
960,000
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
423000
Area code0735
ISO 3166 codeCN-HN-10
License plate prefixes湘L
GDP(2015)CNY 201.21 billion
Websiteen.czs.gov.cn

Chenzhou (Chinese: 郴州; pinyin: Chēnzhōu) is a prefecture-level city located in the south of Hunan province, China, bordering the provinces of Jiangxi to the east and Guangdong to the south. Its administrative area covers 19,317 square kilometres (7,458 sq mi), 9.2% of the provincial area, and its total population reached 4,581,779 in the 2010 census, 26% of them living in urban areas, 74% of them live in rural areas.[2]

History

Chenzhou is a historical city dating back from the Qin Dynasty. The area was historically named Guiyang (simplified Chinese: 桂阳; traditional Chinese: 桂陽; pinyin: Guìyáng) Commandery before being renamed to the current name in the year 735 during the Tang Dynasty. The Chinese character 郴, meaning "City in the Forest", uniquely refers to only the area. Known to be popular among the literacy circle of the Tang courts, poets such as Wang Changling, Du Fu, Han Yu, Liu Yuxi and Qin Guan have visited and wrote poems to the natural beauty of the area.

According to unsourced claims from Jung Chang and Jon Halliday in their book Mao: The Unknown Story, Chenzhou, along with neighboring Leiyang city was razed in 1928 by troops (Chinese Red Army) under the command of Zhu De, who was following directives which originated in Moscow and passed on by higher officials of the Chinese Communist Party. The strategy was to leave large numbers of peasants from the cities with no option but to join communist uprisings.[citation needed]

Chenzhou was the site of a large investigation when its municipal government and party committee, led by Secretary Li Dalun, was charged on multiple counts of corruption in June 2006.[citation needed]

Geography

Chenzhou is situated at the juncture of Hunan and Guangdong provinces at the foot of small Qitian Mountains of the Nanling Mountain Range. Places of interest, natural scenic spots, ancient relics and buildings make for over 100 tourism spots in the city. The major ones are the Suxian Hill, the Wanhuayan, the Dongjiang Lake, and the Wugai Mountain Hunting Field.

Climate

Chenzhou has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa), with four distinct seasons. Spring is subject to heavy rainfall, while the summers are long, hot, and humid with lesser rainfall, and autumn is comfortable and rather dry. Winter is rather brief, but cold snaps occur with temperatures occasionally dropping below freezing, and while not heavy, rain can be frequent.

Climate data for Chenzhou (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.0
(80.6)
31.5
(88.7)
33.7
(92.7)
35.6
(96.1)
35.9
(96.6)
38.0
(100.4)
40.3
(104.5)
40.5
(104.9)
38.6
(101.5)
36.3
(97.3)
33.5
(92.3)
27.4
(81.3)
40.5
(104.9)
Average high °C (°F) 10.3
(50.5)
12.4
(54.3)
16.7
(62.1)
23.3
(73.9)
27.8
(82.0)
31.1
(88.0)
34.4
(93.9)
33.2
(91.8)
29.1
(84.4)
24.1
(75.4)
18.8
(65.8)
13.4
(56.1)
22.9
(73.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.4
(43.5)
8.6
(47.5)
12.6
(54.7)
18.7
(65.7)
23.3
(73.9)
26.8
(80.2)
29.6
(85.3)
28.3
(82.9)
24.6
(76.3)
19.4
(66.9)
13.9
(57.0)
8.5
(47.3)
18.4
(65.1)
Average low °C (°F) 3.8
(38.8)
6.0
(42.8)
9.6
(49.3)
15.4
(59.7)
19.8
(67.6)
23.5
(74.3)
26.0
(78.8)
24.8
(76.6)
21.3
(70.3)
16.0
(60.8)
10.4
(50.7)
5.1
(41.2)
15.1
(59.2)
Record low °C (°F) −4.3
(24.3)
−3.6
(25.5)
−1.9
(28.6)
2.9
(37.2)
10.0
(50.0)
13.4
(56.1)
18.6
(65.5)
18.3
(64.9)
13.2
(55.8)
4.2
(39.6)
−1.6
(29.1)
−6.3
(20.7)
−6.3
(20.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 80.1
(3.15)
116.2
(4.57)
155.4
(6.12)
190.3
(7.49)
186.6
(7.35)
191.9
(7.56)
123.0
(4.84)
170.6
(6.72)
96.1
(3.78)
77.5
(3.05)
67.9
(2.67)
47.9
(1.89)
1,503.5
(59.19)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 17.1 16.8 19.9 18.5 18.3 15.5 11.3 14.0 12.2 13.5 11.6 10.4 179.1
Average relative humidity (%) 82 82 81 79 77 75 67 73 77 78 77 77 77
Source 1: China Meteorological Data Service Center[3]
Source 2: Weather China (precipitation days 1971-2000)

Administrative divisions

Map including Chenzhou (labeled as (Walled) CH'EN HSIEN 郴縣) (AMS, 1954)
Map including Chenzhou (labeled as (Walled) CH'EN HSIEN 郴縣) (AMS, 1954)
Map

Economy

Major deposits of tungsten, bismuth and molybdenum make Chenzhou a production base for non-ferrous metals.

Colleges and universities

Notable people

Government

Main article: Politics of Chenzhou

The current CPC Party Secretary of Chenzhou is Yi Pengfei and the current Mayor is Liu Zhiren.

Tourism

The areas of interest in Chenzhou include: Wanhua Rock (万华岩), Wugai Mountain Hunting Field, Suxian Hill and Dongjiang Lake. The city is served by Chenzhou Beihu Airport.

References

  1. ^ a b Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 68. Archived from the original on 18 June 2019. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. ^ (in Chinese) Demographics of Chenzhou Archived May 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Official website of Chenzhou Government, August 28, 2007.
  3. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  4. ^ "The Fate of a Novel Amid China's Reform". University of California Los Angeles. Retrieved 2022-07-29.