Cheongyang chili pepper
Unripe Cheongyang chilli peppers in a basket
SpeciesCapsicum annuum
OriginSouth Korea
Heat Hot
Scoville scale10,000 SHU
Korean name
Hangul
청양고추
Hanja
靑陽고추
Revised RomanizationCheongyang gochu
McCune–ReischauerCh'ŏngyang koch'u
IPA[tɕʰʌŋ.jaŋ.ɡo.tɕʰu]

The Cheongyang chili pepper (Korean청양고추) is a medium-sized chili cultivar of the species Capsicum annuum, with intensity of 10,000 Scoville heat units.[1] Cheongyang chili peppers look similar to regular Korean chili peppers, but are many times spicier.

The chilli is a local speciality of Cheongyang County in South Korea.[2] However, it was named after Cheongsong and Yeongyang Counties when developed by Yoo Il-Woong, by hybridizing local Jejudo chilli with Thai chili.[3] The fruits can be light purple or green when unripe, and darken to a deep red as they ripen. The peppers retain their dark red color when dried.[4] In the 1990s, the rights to the Cheongyang pepper were sold to Monsanto.

References

  1. ^ Crawford, Matthew C. (5 September 2014). "Hot pepper town swept by heat wave". The Korea Herald. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  2. ^ "Chili pepper". cheongyang.go.kr. Cheongyang County. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  3. ^ 이, 진우 (27 February 2006). "고추품종개발 권위자 유일웅 홍초원 고추연구소 소장". The Financial News (in Korean). Retrieved 25 December 2011.
  4. ^ "Pepper (Hot) 'Dang Jo Cheongyang'". Log House Plants. Retrieved 2019-12-03.