Cherokee County
Cherokee County Justice Center
Cherokee County Justice Center
Map of Georgia highlighting Cherokee County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 34°14′N 84°28′W / 34.24°N 84.47°W / 34.24; -84.47
Country United States
State Georgia
Founded1831; 191 years ago (1831)
Named forCherokee people
SeatCanton
Largest cityWoodstock
Area
 • Total434 sq mi (1,120 km2)
 • Land421 sq mi (1,090 km2)
 • Water13 sq mi (30 km2)  2.9%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total266,620
 • Density586/sq mi (226/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district11th
Websitewww.cherokeega.com

Cherokee County is located in the US state of Georgia. As of 2019 estimates, the population was 258,773.[1] The county seat is Canton.[2] The county Board of Commissioners is the governing body, with members elected to office. Cherokee County is included in the Atlanta–Sandy Springs–Roswell, Georgia metropolitan statistical area.

History

Original territory

An 1822 map of Cherokee lands in Georgia
An 1822 map of Cherokee lands in Georgia

Originally, Cherokee County was more like a territory than a county, covering lands northwest of the Chattahoochee River and Chestatee River except for Carroll County. This county was created December 26, 1831, by the state legislature. It was named after the Cherokee people who lived in the area at that time.[3] Several other counties were carved out of these Cherokee lands as part of the Cherokee Land Lottery of 1832.[4]

An 1834 map of counties created from Cherokee land
An 1834 map of counties created from Cherokee land

An act of the Georgia General Assembly passed on December 3 of that year created the counties of Forsyth, Lumpkin, Union, Cobb, Gilmer, Murray, Cass (now Bartow), Floyd, and Paulding.[5] The forcible (sometimes at gunpoint) removal of the Cherokee people, leading up to the notorious Trail of Tears to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River, began in this area the year before. The push by European Americans to expel the Cherokee was accelerated by the discovery of gold in local streams.

County courts were authorized to meet at the home of Ambrose Harnage. The settlement soon became known as Harnageville, later called Marble Works, and even later Tate, when Cherokee County was first established. Since 1880, that town has been called Tate, and it is now (since 1853) in Pickens County. Part of that county was taken directly from Cherokee, the other via Gilmer County (itself earlier taken from Cherokee).

Etowah was named the first county seat in 1833. Its name was later changed to Canton.

Remaining county

In 1857, part of the southeastern corner of the county was ceded by the General Assembly to form Milton County (now the city of Milton in the county of Fulton). In the 1890s, The Atlanta & Knoxville Railroad (later renamed the Marietta & North Georgia Railroad when it could not be completed to Knoxville) built a branch line through the middle of the county. When this line was bought by the Louisville & Nashville Railroad the following decade, the L&N built railroad stations at Woodstock and other towns.

Development

Since the late 20th century, Cherokee County has been part of the Atlanta metro area. It is bisected by Interstate 575, which runs from Marietta north through Woodstock, Lebanon, Holly Springs, Canton, and Ball Ground, ending at the Pickens County line into Georgia 515, the Appalachian Parkway developmental highway. Interstate 575 is undergoing significant widening to accommodate growth in Cherokee County population.

The Georgia Northeastern Railroad operates freight service on the former L&N tracks, roughly parallel to this route. Population growth has followed the same general pattern, as well, with new suburbs in the south following the highway toward exurbs further north.

2021 Atlanta spa shootings

In 2021, four people were killed and a fifth person was wounded in a mass shooting at Young's Asian Massage, a massage parlor in unincorporated Cherokee County. The shooting was the first of a series of mass shootings targeting massage parlors in the Atlanta metropolitan area, which left a total of eight people dead. A suspect was apprehended in connection to the incidents.[6]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 434 square miles (1,120 km2), of which 422 square miles (1,090 km2) are land and 13 square miles (34 km2) (2.9%) are covered by water.[7] Much of the water is in Lake Allatoona in the southwest. The lake is fed by the Etowah and Little Rivers (the county's primary waterways), and other large streams such as Noonday Creek. Much of the northern part of the county begins to rise toward the foothills.

The vast majority of Cherokee County is located in the [Etowah River] subbasin of the Coosa-Tallapoosa River Basin, with only a small northwesterly corner of the county located in the Coosawattee River subbasin of the same basin.[8]

Mountains

Pine Log Mountain (left) and Bear Mountain (right)
Pine Log Mountain (left) and Bear Mountain (right)

Nine summits are listed by the United States Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System as being in the county. From tallest to lowest, they are:

These mountains are in the still-rural northern and western parts of the county. However, if considered part of metro Atlanta, Bear Mountain is the tallest in the metro area.

Adjacent counties

Government, politics, and policing

Government

The five-member board of commissioners is elected from four districts, with an at-large county commission chair. Thus, members are elected as residents of geographic districts, but the commission chair must receive the majority vote of the county in total. Each is elected to a four-year term.

Cherokee County sheriff and municipal police

The county is under the jurisdiction of the Cherokee County Sheriff's Office, which is headed by Sheriff Frank Reynolds. The Cherokee County Sheriff's office is triple-crown accredited by CALEA, ACA, and NCCHC.[clarification needed] The major cities within the county have individual municipal police departments, such as Woodstock, Canton, Holly Springs, and Ball Ground.

Politics

As of 2021, all state, county, and municipal elected officials representing Cherokee County are members of the Republican Party (with the exception of officials who hold officially non-partisan offices).[9][10]

Cherokee County had voting patterns similar to most Solid South and Georgia counties prior to 1964 in presidential elections, though Democratic Party candidates did not win by as wide margins as they did in the rest of the state and the Deep South. In fact, the county backed Republican candidates four times between 1900 and 1960. From 1964 on, the county has swung strongly toward the Republicans, only failing to vote for the Republican in presidential elections since then in 1968 when segregationist George Wallace appealed to anti-Civil Rights Act sentiment and in the two elections Georgian Jimmy Carter was on the ballot. In addition, unlike the inner suburban counties of the Atlanta metropolitan area, Cherokee County has continued to vote for Republicans by landslide margins, although the margins have decreased slightly in the most recent elections with the growth of the metropolitan area. In the Presidential election of 2020, the majority of votes from all of the 42 county election precincts were cast for incumbent President Donald Trump.[11]

United States presidential election results for Cherokee County, Georgia[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 99,585 68.77% 42,779 29.54% 2,451 1.69%
2016 80,649 71.51% 25,231 22.37% 6,904 6.12%
2012 76,514 77.73% 19,841 20.16% 2,084 2.12%
2008 70,279 74.79% 22,350 23.78% 1,344 1.43%
2004 58,238 78.99% 14,824 20.11% 665 0.90%
2000 38,033 72.65% 12,295 23.49% 2,020 3.86%
1996 24,527 63.41% 10,802 27.93% 3,348 8.66%
1992 16,054 54.95% 8,113 27.77% 5,047 17.28%
1988 14,593 76.45% 4,378 22.94% 117 0.61%
1984 11,146 76.11% 3,499 23.89% 0 0.00%
1980 5,250 44.96% 6,020 51.55% 408 3.49%
1976 2,609 28.52% 6,539 71.48% 0 0.00%
1972 5,509 82.62% 1,159 17.38% 0 0.00%
1968 2,675 35.85% 1436 19.24% 3,351 44.91%
1964 3,398 51.59% 3,189 48.41% 0 0.00%
1960 2,341 43.21% 3,077 56.79% 0 0.00%
1956 1,829 46.43% 2,110 53.57% 0 0.00%
1952 1,618 39.75% 2,452 60.25% 0 0.00%
1948 631 29.31% 1,267 58.85% 255 11.84%
1944 1,059 44.00% 1,348 56.00% 0 0.00%
1940 1,017 39.39% 1,552 60.11% 13 0.50%
1936 842 40.87% 1,211 58.79% 7 0.34%
1932 314 15.25% 1,727 83.88% 18 0.87%
1928 1,679 74.29% 581 25.71% 0 0.00%
1924 601 39.99% 848 56.42% 54 3.59%
1920 1,138 67.66% 544 32.34% 0 0.00%
1916 461 28.67% 855 53.17% 292 18.16%
1912 21 1.57% 603 45.20% 710 53.22%
1908 665 59.80% 326 29.32% 121 10.88%
1904 622 38.85% 622 38.85% 357 22.30%
1900 550 48.12% 535 46.81% 58 5.07%
1896 702 47.24% 712 47.91% 72 4.85%
1892 382 18.16% 927 44.06% 795 37.79%
1888 459 22.36% 1,575 76.72% 19 0.93%
1884 140 13.93% 865 86.07% 0 0.00%
1880 125 6.45% 1,813 93.55% 0 0.00%


Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18405,895
185012,800117.1%
186011,291−11.8%
187010,399−7.9%
188014,32537.8%
189015,4127.6%
190015,243−1.1%
191016,6619.3%
192018,56911.5%
193020,0037.7%
194020,1260.6%
195020,7503.1%
196023,00110.8%
197031,05935.0%
198051,69966.5%
199090,20474.5%
2000141,90357.3%
2010214,34651.1%
2020266,62024.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
1790–1960[14] 1900–1990[15]
1990–2000[16] 2010–2019[1]

2020 census

Cherokee County racial composition[17]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 197,867 74.21%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 17,326 6.5%
Native American 502 0.19%
Asian 5,429 2.04%
Pacific Islander 100 0.04%
Other/Mixed 13,285 4.98%
Hispanic or Latino 32,111 12.04%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 266,620 people, 93,441 households, and 69,257 families residing in the county.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, 214,346 people, 75,936 households, and 57,876 families were living in the county.[18] The population density was 508.3 inhabitants per square mile (196.3/km2). The 82,360 housing units averaged 195.3 per square mile (75.4/km2).[19] The racial makeup of the county was 86.6% White, 5.65% Black or African American, 1.65% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.6% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin of any race made up 9.6% of the population.[18] In terms of ancestry, 16.2% were Irish, 16.1% were German, 14.1% were English, 10.7% were American, and 5.7% were Italian.[20]

Of the 75,936 households, 41.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.9% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.8% were not families, and 18.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.20. The median age was 36.3 years.[18]

The median income for a household in the county was $66,320 and for a family was $77,190. Males had a median income of $53,773 versus $40,153 for females. The per capita income for the county was $30,217. About 5.5% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.4% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.[21]

2000 census

As of the census[22] of 2000, 141,903 people, 49,495 households, and 39,200 families resided in the county. The population density was 335 people per square mile (129/km2).

Of the 49,495 households, 41.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.20% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.80% were not families. About 16.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the county, the population was distributed as 28.30% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 35.80% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 6.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $60,896, and for a family was $66,419. Males had a median income of $44,374 versus $31,036 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,871. About 3.50% of families and 5.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.50% of those under age 18 and 9.80% of those age 65 or over.


Education

Main article: Canton, Georgia § Education

Public schools

Private schools

Private schools in Cherokee County include:

Higher education

Chattahoochee Technical College has campuses in Woodstock and Canton in Cherokee County.

Transportation

Major highways


Airport

The Cherokee County Airport (FAA LOC ID: CNI) is located adjacent to I-575 about six miles (10 km) northeast of downtown Canton.

A redevelopment project recently completed a 10,000-square-foot (930 m2) terminal, the lengthening of the runway from 3,414 to 5,000 feet (1,041 to 1,524 m), a new parallel taxiway, instrument landing equipment, and new hangars. The new facilities will accommodate 200 corporate aircraft in hangars and provide 100 tie-downs for smaller aircraft.

Public transportation

The Cherokee Area Transit Service serves all of the Cherokee County area, rural and suburban.

Pedestrians and cycling

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Notable residents

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "2019 County Metro Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 3, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 41. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  4. ^ "GeorgiaInfo has moved :: Carl Vinson Institute of Government". Cviog.uga.edu. Archived from the original on May 11, 2008. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
  5. ^ "GeorgiaInfo has moved :: Carl Vinson Institute of Government". Cviog.uga.edu. Archived from the original on February 18, 2008. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
  6. ^ Hollis, Henri; Abusaid, Shaddi; Stevens, Alexis (March 16, 2021). "8 killed in metro Atlanta spa shooting spree; suspect captured in South Georgia". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved March 16, 2021.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 19, 2015.
  9. ^ "Elected Official Directory" (PDF). Cherokee Chamber. Retrieved August 18, 2021.
  10. ^ "Elected Officials Listing" (PDF). Cherokee Elections and Voter Registration. Retrieved August 18, 2021.
  11. ^ "Election Results by Precinct" (PDF). Cherokee County Elections and Voter Registration. November 9, 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 2, 2021. Retrieved August 18, 2021.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
  13. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
  15. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
  17. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 14, 2021.
  18. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  19. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  20. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  21. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  22. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.

Local newspapers

Coordinates: 34°14′N 84°28′W / 34.24°N 84.47°W / 34.24; -84.47