Cherwell
Front page of Cherwell on 8 October 2021
TypeWeekly newspaper during Oxford University term time
FormatCompact
Owner(s)Oxford Student Publications Limited
Founder(s)Cecil Binney and George Adolphus Edinger
EditorMaurício Alencar and Estelle Atkinson
Founded1920; 102 years ago (1920)
LanguageEnglish
HeadquartersSalter’s Yard, Oxford, OX1 4LA
CountryUnited Kingdom
Circulationc. 15,000[1]
ISSN0308-731X (print)
1742-3597 (web)
WebsiteCherwell.org

Cherwell is a weekly student newspaper published entirely by students of Oxford University. Founded in 1920 and named after a local river, Cherwell is a subsidiary of independent student publishing house Oxford Student Publications Ltd. Receiving no university funding, the newspaper is one of the oldest student publications in the UK.

History

Cherwell was conceived by two Balliol College students, Cecil Binney and George Adolphus Edinger, on a ferry from Dover to Ostend during the summer vacation of 1920 while the students were travelling to Vienna to do relief work for the Save the Children charity. Edinger recalls the early newspaper having a radical voice: "We were feeling for a new Oxford …. We were anti-convention, anti-Pre War values, pro-feminist. We did not mind shocking and we often did." The publication was independent of the University of Oxford and it was entirely financed, staffed, and owned by students.[2]

Early editions combine this seriousness with whimsy and parochialism. The first editorial gives the newspaper's purpose as being "to exclude all outside influence and interference from our University. Oxford for the Oxonians".[citation needed]

Cherwell was the only newspaper printed in Britain during the UK General Strike of 1926, other than the British Gazette and the British Worker, during which time it was produced at the offices of the Daily Mail in London.[citation needed]

Throughout the 1920s Cherwell had a strong literary focus, and a policy of not editing literary contributions. Undergraduate contributors included Evelyn Waugh, Graham Greene, John Betjeman, L. P. Hartley, Cecil Day-Lewis and W. H. Auden.[citation needed]

The newspaper's focus broadened over the coming decades until January 1953, when the owners of the paper decided to turn it into a university newspaper.[3] In 1946 Cherwell was briefly banned by the university for distributing a survey on the sex lives of undergraduates, and in 1954 ran a series of pin-up photographs entitled "Girls of the Year". In 1970 then-editor Peter Stothard published a current Oxford theatre poster featuring a naked female, possibly a first for a British newspaper. Under his editorship Cherwell also published a backless photo of Gully Wells, considered very daring for the time. Both editions caused much comment. In 1973 the paper became a 'cause celebre' in the national papers when the Cherwell published a photo of General Editor David Soskin with a topless model. This resulted in a personal fine by the proctors for David Soskin.[citation needed]

In 1964, the newspaper's longest-running feature was created, the "John Evelyn" gossip column, and it has run almost uninterrupted since then; its founding editors were Christopher Meakin and Michael Morris. Meakin then moved over to become Editor of Isis the following term, in days when the parallel undergraduate magazine (although not then linked with Cherwell) also appeared weekly. Over the decades, many famous people have been the subject of "John Evelyn"'s wry and faux-condescending style, among them future Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto, politician Jonathan Aitken, and actor Imogen Stubbs. In 1981, Hugh Grant is described as "New College's answer to Brooke Shields", and his unsuccessful attempts to infiltrate a ball with his date are reported. Cherwell's Editor in Michaelmas Term 1964 had been Patrick Marnham, who on leaving Oxford became a staff journalist on Private Eye, the British satirical magazine, and was author of the standard reference book on the history of the magazine which Marnham wrote as its 21st birthday celebration in 1982. The Editor for the following Hilary Term 1965 was Martin Linton, who became the Labour member of parliament for Battersea. Linton's News Editor on Cherwell, Sarah Boyd-Carpenter, is better known today as Baroness Hogg.[citation needed]

In the mid-1970s Cherwell survived one of its periodic financial crises, and politically the paper campaigned against Oxford University's investments in apartheid-era South Africa.[citation needed]

Cherwell and the English language

The Oxford English Dictionary lists the terms 'sherry party' and 'Marxism' (as pertaining to the Marx Brothers) as having been coined in Cherwell.[4][5] Additions from recent decades are lacking probably because Cherwell is only sporadically lodged at copyright libraries, and because it is not included in electronic text search systems such as LexisNexis. Xerox University Microfilms has micro-fiche copies of the paper for some years, especially the 1970s.[citation needed]

Notable Cherwell contributors

Cherwell.org

Cherwell has had a website since Trinity 1996, with the current website developed by Mack Grenfell in 2016.[citation needed]

The site is updated every day during term and regularly during the vacation. It contains all of the articles from the print edition, as well as breaking news, videos, features, arts reviews, sport reports and podcasts such as the soap opera podcast Staircase 22. Students use the website to vote on the paper's regular feature, Fit College and also to post comments on articles.[citation needed]

In 2008, Cherwell won the 'Guardian Student Media' award for Best Student Website.[11]

Recent Cherwell Editors

Trinity 2020: David Alexander & Tilly Walters

Michaelmas 2020: Joe Hyland-Deeson & Maya Misra

Hilary 2021: Amelia Horn & Lucy Tansley

Trinity 2021: Abigail Howe & Trudy Ross

Michaelmas 2021: Sasha Mills & Irene Zhang

Hilary 2022: Jill Cushen & Charlie Hancock

Sources

References

  1. ^ "Advertising | Cherwell".
  2. ^ "Cherwell History Pt 1 – the Founders". 23 September 2016.
  3. ^ "Cherwell History Pt 4 – 'The Cherwell Renaissance'". 27 September 2016.
  4. ^ "sherry party, n." Oxford English Dictionary. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  5. ^ "Marxism, n.2". Oxford English Dictionary. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  6. ^ Sherry, Norman (26 May 2016). The Life of Graham Greene Volume 1: 1904-1939. ISBN 9781473512139.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "Cherwell – independent since 1920". Cherwell. 18 April 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2021.
  8. ^ a b Bage, David Brown and Tom. "University of Oxford: Cherwell editors quit over racist, explicit parody". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 21 August 2021.
  9. ^ Charles Butler, Four British Fantasists: Place and Culture in the Children's Fantasies of Penelope Lively, Alan Garner, Diana Wynne Jones, and Susan Cooper (Rowman & Littlefield, 2006), page 14.
  10. ^ Waugh, Evelyn (1983). A Little Learning: The First Volume of an Autobiography. ISBN 9780413519306.
  11. ^ Baraniuk, Chris. "Cherwell win website of the year award". Cherwell. Archived from the original on 29 January 2009. Retrieved 25 March 2010.