Chin Hills
Chin Hills
Chin Hills
Location in Myanmar
Highest point
PeakNat Ma Taung
Elevation3,053 m (10,016 ft)
Coordinates22°30′N 93°30′E / 22.500°N 93.500°E / 22.500; 93.500Coordinates: 22°30′N 93°30′E / 22.500°N 93.500°E / 22.500; 93.500
LocationChin State, Burma
Parent rangePatkai Range

The Chin Hills[1] are a range of mountains in Chin State, northwestern Burma (Myanmar), that extends northward into India's Manipur state.[2]


The highest peak in the Chin Hills is Khonu Msung, or Mount Victoria, in southern Chin State, which reaches 3,053 metres (10,016 ft). The Chin Hills–Arakan Yoma montane forests ecoregion has diverse forests with pine, camellia and teak. Falam is the largest town in the Chin Hills, lying at their southern edge.

The Chin Hills are the eastern part of the Patkai Range, which includes the Lushai Hills and runs through Nagaland in India, as well as part of Burma. The Lushai Hills are frequently discussed with the Chin Hills as the topography, people's culture and history are similar. The southern prolongation of the Chin Hills is the Arakan Range (Arakan Yoma), stretching as well from north to south.


Historically the area of the range has been populated by the Chin people who like their neighbours to the west are a Laimi people. In addition to subsistence agriculture the Chin raided the villages of the Burman on the plains of the Myittha and Chindwin rivers, as well as each other.[3] In 1888, the British began a military campaign to end these raids which resulted in pacification of the province by 1896,[3] and it was administratively added to Burma as a special division.

In the Second World War the hills formed a point of armed conflict between Japanese forces and a combined British and Indian force.[4]

See also


  1. ^ "Chin Hills (Approved)" Chin Hills at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  2. ^ "1:250,000 topographic map, Series U502, Imphal, India, NG 46-15" U.S. Army Map Service, April 1960; "1:250,000 topographic map, Series U542, Mawlaik, Burma; India, NF 46-3" U.S. Army Map Service, March 1960; and "1:250,000 topographic map, Series U542, Gangaw, Burma, NF 46-7" U.S. Army Map Service, April 1958
  3. ^ a b Ireland, Alleyne (1907) The province of Burma: a report prepared on behalf of the University of Chicago Houghton-Mifflin, Boston, Massachusetts, volume 2, page 790, OCLC 1889867
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 August 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2016.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)