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China Railway CRH2 EMU
China railways CRH2 unit 001.jpg
In service2007–present
ManufacturerKawasaki Heavy Industries,
CRRC Qingdao Sifang
Family nameShinkansen (E2 series)
Number builtCRH2A: 60+40 trainsets (800 cars)
CRH2B: 20 trainsets (320 cars)
CRH2C (stage 1): 30 trainsets (240 cars)
CRH2C (stage 2): 20 trainsets (160 cars)
CRH2E: 20 trainsets (320 cars)
FormationCRH2A: 8 cars per trainset (4M4T)
CRH2B/E: 16 cars per trainset (8M8T)
CRH2C: 8 cars per trainset (6M2T)
CapacityCRH2A: 610/571/562/588/600/608
CRH2B: 1230
CRH2C: 610/626
CRH2E: 630/880(CRH2E-2463, 2464 and 2465)
Operator(s)China Railway
- CR Beijing
- CR Shanghai
- CR Jinan
- CR Xi'an
- CR Wuhan
- CR Nanchang
- CR Zhengzhou
- CR Taiyuan
- CR Chengdu
- CR Guangzhou
- CR Nanning
Line(s) servedMost 200-250km/h high speed rail lines across China, plus some conventional lines
Specifications
Train lengthCRH2A/C: 201.4 m (660 ft 9 in)
CRH2B/E: 401.4 m (1,316 ft 11 in)
Width3,380 mm (11 ft 1 in)
Height3,700 mm (12 ft 2 in)
Platform height1,250 mm (4 ft 1 in)
Maximum speedCRH2A/B/E: 250 km/h (155 mph)
CRH2C (stage 1): 350 km/h (217 mph)
CRH2C (stage 2): 380 km/h (236 mph)
Traction systemWater cooling IGBTVVVF inverter control
(CRH2B/E: Mitsubishi Electric type MAP-304-A25V141,
CRH2A/C: Hitachi type CII-HHR1420A/B/D, Zhuzhou CSR Times Electric type TGA10/10A/10E/10G)
Traction motors3-phase AC induction motors
(CRH2B/E: Mitsubishi Electric type MB-5120-A, Zhuzhou CSR Times Electric type MT-205
CRH2A/C: Hitachi/CRRC Yongji Electric type YJ-92A, Zhuzhou CSR Times Electric type YQ-365)
Power outputCRH2A: 4.8 MW (6,400 hp)
CRH2B/E: 9.6 MW (12,900 hp)
CRH2C:
  • Stage 1: 7.2 MW (9,700 hp)
  • Stage 2: 8.76 MW (11,750 hp)
TransmissionAC-DC-AC
Electric system(s)25 kV 50 Hz AC Overhead catenary
Current collector(s)Pantograph
Braking system(s)Regenerative, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge

The CRH2 Hexie (simplified Chinese: 和谐号; traditional Chinese: 和諧號; pinyin: Héxié Hào; literally: "Harmony") is one of the high-speed train models in China. The CRH2 is based on the E2-1000 Series Shinkansen design from Japan with the license purchased from a consortium formed of Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Mitsubishi Electric, and Hitachi, and represents the second Shinkansen train model to be exported.

In 2004, the Ministry of Railway in China purchased an initial 60 sets of the train from Kawasaki Heavy Industries with a maximum speed of 250 km/h (155 mph). However, the newer versions of the CRH2 are not related to the E2-1000 Series despite having the same exterior shell.[1]

Variants

The CRH2 developed from the E2 Series Shinkansen
The CRH2 developed from the E2 Series Shinkansen
CRH2A-2260&2011 at Xiamen railway station
CRH2A-2260&2011 at Xiamen railway station

CRH2A

On October 20, 2004, the Ministry of Railway in China ordered 60 sets of CRH2A trains from Kawasaki Heavy Industries in Japan. Along with 60 sets of Bombardier's Regina-based CRH1A, and 40 sets of Alstom's Pendolino-based CRH5A, these train sets are consider as first batch of CRH trains.

Each of the CRH2A set consists of 8 cars. The first 3 sets (CRH2-001A - CRH2-003A) were built in Japan, the next 6 sets (CRH2-004A - CRH2-009A) were delivered in complete knock down form and assembled by CSR Sifang Locomotive and Rolling Stock. The remaining 51 sets (CRH2-010A - CRH2-060A) were built by Sifang through technology transfer from Japan.

The first train arrived at Qingdao port on March 8, 2006 with little fanfare, and was not even publicized in China. These trains have a maximum operation speed of 250 km/h (155 mph) and started providing high-speed train service from April 18, 2007, the date of the sixth national railway speed-up.

According to Chinese and Japanese media, CRH2A trains started test trials ahead of commercial operation on the Shanghai-Hangzhou and Shanghai-Nanjing lines on January 28, 2007.

On September 14, 2010, the Chinese MOR ordered additional 40 sets of CRH2A trains (CRH2-151A - CRH2-190A) from CSR Sifang.

CRH2B

CRH2B at Wuxi Station
CRH2B at Wuxi Station

In November 2007, the Ministry of Railway in China ordered 10 CRH2 sets with 16 cars per set (8M8T). These trains have been given designations CRH2B (CRH2-111B - CRH2-120B). Each CRH2B has three 1st seating cars (ZY), twelve 2nd seating cars (ZE), and one dining car (CA). Designed maximum operation speed is 250 km/h (155 mph) with a power of 9,600 kW (12,900 hp).

The first units were delivered on June 29, 2008,[2][3] and came into service on the Hefei–Nanjing Passenger Railway on August 1, 2008.[4]

CRH2C (CRH2-350)

CRH2C
CRH2C

After the introduction of the modified E2-1000 Series, Sifang built its own CRH2 with a maximum safe operating speed of 350 km/h (220 mph). The original train sets imported from Kawasaki had a maximum safe operating speed of 250 km/h (160 mph).

During June 2005 and September 2005, The Chinese Ministry of Railways launched bidding for High speed trains with a top speed over 300 km/h (190 mph). Along with Siemens's Velaro-based CRH3C, CSR Sifang bid 60 sets of CRH2C, includes 30 sets of CRH2C stage one with a top speed of 300 km/h (190 mph), and 30 sets of CRH2C stage two with a top speed of 350 km/h (220 mph).

In development and research of the 350 km/h (220 mph) high speed train, The CRH2-300 project was launched by Chinese MOR and CSR. In 2006 the China Development Bank provided CNY 15 billion developmental financial loans to CSR Group for the projects of 200–300 km/h (120–190 mph) high speed trains.[5] Over 50 academics, 150,000 technicians, 600 contractors were involved in the project.[6] This train's livery is not like the CRH2A. Its blue stripe does not end at the fronts of trainsets.

CRH2C stage one

CRH2-064C
CRH2-064C

CRH2C Stage one is a modified version of CRH2A. It has a maximum operating speed up to 300 km/h (190 mph) by replacing two intermediate trailer cars with motorized cars. Equipped with an array of the state-of-the-art technologies, including aluminum alloy body with a reduced weight, high speed turntable, high speed pantograph, and optic-fiber based integrated control system.[7]

Chinese MOR ordered 30 sets of CRH2C stage one, name code CRH2-061C - CRH2-090C. The first set, CRH2-061C was unveiled on December 22, 2007.[8][9]

During the test on April 22, 2008, CRH2-061C reached a top speed of over 370 km/h (230 mph) on Beijing-Tianjin high-speed rail.[10]

During the test on December 11, 2009, CRH2-061C reached a top speed of 394.2 km/h (244.9 mph) on Zhengzhou-Xi'an high-speed rail.[11]

Together with CRH3C, the CRH2C stage one first came into service on Beijing-Tianjin Intercity high-speed rail on August 1, 2008, and all CRH2C stage one trains have been replaced by CRH3C in April, 2009. Currently, most of these trains are serving on the Shanghai-Nanjing high speed rail.

CRH2C stage two

CRH2C Stage two is the "re-design" version of the CRH2. Some of the details, like the aluminum body structure, noise reduction technology & reduction technique, draw on the CRH3C. According to CSR Sifang, the improvements include the following aspects:

Chinese MOR ordered 30 sets of CRH2C stage two, name code CRH2-091C - CRH2-110C and CRH2-141C - CRH2-150C. The first set, CRH2-091C was unveiled in January 2010 and came into service on Zhengzhou-Xi'an high-speed rail in February, 2010.[13]

CRH2E

A CRH2E arriving Beijing West railway station as D924 Guangzhou-Beijing overnight train in 2015.
A CRH2E arriving Beijing West railway station as D924 Guangzhou-Beijing overnight train in 2015.
Inside a traditional berth style sleeper car of a CRH2E.
Inside a traditional berth style sleeper car of a CRH2E.

In November and December 2007, the Ministry of Railway in China ordered 20 CRH2 sleeper trains with 16 cars per set (8M8T). These trains are modified CRH2Bs, outfitted with traditional railway sleeping berths (couchette car) and have been given designations CRH2E (numbered CRH2-121E - CRH2-140E). Each CRH2E has thirteen 1st class sleeping cars (WR), two 2nd class seating cars (ZE), and one buffet car (CA) or one second class/dining car (ZEC). Designed maximum operation speed is 250 km/h (160 mph) with 9600 kW of power output.

The first batch of CRH2E, CRH2-121E - CRH2-126E, came into service on Beijing-Shanghai railway on December 21, 2008.[2][14] On 23 July 2011, one sleeper coach on CRH2-139E trainset has been derailed in the 2011 Wenzhou train collision, together with CRH1-046B.

The rest of CRH2Es were deployed on Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong High-Speed Railway since January 2015, operating overnight sleeper trains between Beijing and Guangzhou (including some trains to Shenzhen).

Double Deck CRH2E

A brand new variant of the CRH2E entered service in 2017 numbered beyond CRH2E-2463.[15][16] Instead of a traditional railway sleeping berth the sleeper train is organized with the corridor running down the middle of the traincar with double deck "capsules" on each side.[17] Each capsule is similar in layout to airplane first class, and passengers are no longer sharing the room. Each capsule comes with independent tables, outlets, lamps, hangers and curtains. The body of the train is redesigned to reduce noise levels during travel. The trains have been dubbed "moving hotels".[18]

Front
Exterior
Interior
Leaving Beijing South

CRH2G

CRH2G is a specialized cold and sand/windstorm resistant version of the CRH2 manufactured by CRRC Qingdao Sifang. The trains were tested on the Lanzhou–Xinjiang HSR and Harbin–Dalian HSR.[19] Tests where completed on November 10, 2015 and the first sets were assigned to Lanzhou–Xinjiang HSR.[20]

CRH2-380

CRH2C-2150, an experimental testbed for CRH380A, at Shanghai Hongqiao Station.
CRH2C-2150, an experimental testbed for CRH380A, at Shanghai Hongqiao Station.

Main article: China Railways CRH380A

In 2008, the Chinese MOR & CSR launched CRH2-380 project, the main purpose is to develop new-generation of high speed trains with maximum operation speed of 380 km/h (240 mph). CRH2 is one of the fundamental platforms of the new trains, which is designated as CRH380A.

Formation

At the time of the sixth national railway speed-up, at least 37 CRH2A sets had been delivered by Kawasaki and Sifang.[21] In 2008, all 60 CRH2A sets had been delivered by Kawasaki. The post-2008 production model of the CRH2 are designed and made solely by Sifang with a maximum safe operation speed of 350 km/h (220 mph).[1]

Power Destination

Coach Type

CRH2A (Previous)

Coach No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Type1 ZE ZEC ZE ZY ZE
Type2 ZE ZY ZE ZEC ZE ZY ZE
Type3 ZE ZET ZE ZEC ZE ZY ZE
Type4 ZYS ZE ZE ZEC ZE ZYT
Type5 ZY ZE ZEC ZE ZY
Type6 ZE ZEC ZY ZE
Type7 ZE ZYE ZE ZEC ZE ZY ZE
Type8 ZY ZE ZEC ZE
Power Configuration TC M TP T MP M TC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2
Capacity1 55 100 85 100 55 (+16) 100 51 64
Capacity2 55 100 46 100 55 (+16) 100 51 64
Capacity3 55 100 43+16 100 55 (+16) 100 51 64
Capacity4 15+4 51+4 85 100 55 (+16) 100 24+4 24+4
Capacity5 42 78 85 100 55 (+16) 100 51 51
Capacity6 55 100 85 100 55 (+16) 78 51 64
Capacity7 55 100 16+43 100 71 100 51 64
Capacity8 48 90 90 77 63 90 90 65

CRH2A (Renovated)

Coach No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Type1 ZE ZEC ZE ZY ZE
Type2 (EC) ZY ZE ZEC ZE
Power Configuration TC M MP M MP M TC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2
Capacity1 55 100 85 100 55 (+16) 100 51 64
Capacity2 (EC) 48 90 90 77 63 90 90 65

CRH2B

Coach No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Type ZY ZE CA ZE
Power Configuration TC M TP T M T M T TP M TC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4
Capacity 36 68 51 100 85 100 85 (32) 85 100 85 100 85 100 85 65

CRH2C

Coach No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Type1 ZE ZEC ZE ZY ZE
Type2 ZE ZEC ZE ZY ZE
Power Configuration TC M MP M MP M TC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2
Capacity1 55 100 85 100 55+16 100 51 64
Capacity2 55 100 85 100 54+16 100 51 65

CRH2E

Coach No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Type1 ZE WR CA WR ZE
Type2 ZE WR WRC WR ZE
Type3 WR WRC WR
Power Configuration TC M TP T M T M T TP M TC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4
Capacity1 55 40 40 40 40 40 40 (0) 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 55
Capacity2 55 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 20 40 40 40 40 40 40 55
Capacity3 40 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 20 60 60 60 60 60 60 40

CRH2G

Coach No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Type ZY ZE ZEC ZE
Power Configuration TC M MP M MP M TC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2
Capacity 48 90 90 77 63 90 90 65

Accidents

Main article: Wenzhou train collision

On July 23rd, two bullet trains were traveling in the same direction and the train in front, the CRH 1-046B was stopped by a power failure or a faulty signal hit by lightning. The light that the second train was supposed to stop at was hit by lightning, malfunctioned and showed a green signal while it was supposed to be red. The second train was a CRH 2-139E. The CRH 2 front cars fell off the viaduct and one standing at a 90° angle between the viaduct and the ground. The cars that fell to the ground are cars 1-3 and the fourth one was the one standing.

Distribution

As of February, 2011

Operator Quantity Serial number Depot Lines serving Notes
CRH2A
Beijing Railway Bureau 2 2478, 2479 Beijing Beijing–Harbin Railway
Wuhan Railway Bureau 24 2011, 2013, 2019, 2033, 2034, 2039, 2043, 2045 to 2051, 2053, 2055, 2169, 2179, 2180, 2200, 2205, 2206, 2209, 2210 Hankou Beijing–Guangzhou Railway, Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed Railway, Hankou–Danjiangkou Railway
24 2017, 2022, 2023, 2027, 2029, 2035, 2052, 2054, 2056, 2059, 2060, 2151, 2152, 2162-2164, 2173, 2192, 2193, 2199, 2201, 2207, 2208, 2211 Wuhan Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed Railway
Shanghai Railway Bureau 46 2001, 2003-2009, 2012, 2015, 2018, 2020, 2024, 2026, 2028, 2030, 2031, 2044, 2057, 2058, 2153, 2154, 2158, 2159, 2161, 2166-2168, 2174-2177, 2181~2184, 2186~2189, 2194~2196, 2202~2204 Shanghai South Shanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway, Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway, Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed Railway, Jinshan Railway
7 2021, 2032, 2041, 2155, 2157, 2185, 2190 Hefei South Hefei–Fuzhou High-Speed Railway, Nanjing–Anqing Intercity Railway
12 2002, 2014, 2016, 2025, 2036-2039, 2156, 2160, 2165, 2178, 2197 Nanjing Nanjing–Qidong Railway, Nanjing–Anqing Intercity Railway
Nanchang Railway Bureau 20 2215~2218, 2233, 2236, 2237, 2246, 2249, 2250, 2252, 2257, 2258, 2260, 2261, 2284, 2285, 2290, 2429, 2430 Nanchang Nanchang–Jiujiang Intercity Railway, Wuhan–Jiujiang Passenger Railway
20 2212~2214, 2220~2224, 2247, 2248, 2251, 2253~2256, 2259, 2291~2293, 2302 Nanchang West Xiangtang–Putian Railway
18 2219, 2234, 2235, 2282, 2283, 2324, 2427, 2447, 2452, 2457, 2458, 4006, 4045 ~ 4050 Xiamen North Shanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway, Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway
3 Fuzhou South Shanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway, Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway, Xiangtang–Putian Railway
23 2275, 2434 to 2437, 2440 to 2442, 2446, 2455, 2456, 2476, 2477, 2493, 2494, 4008, 4009, 4012 to 4017 Longyan Shanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway, Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway, Longyan–Xiamen Railway
Chengdu Railway Bureau 31 2230, 2231, 2272, 2305, 2321, 2323, 2325, 2333, 2335 to 2340, 2363, 2374, 2385, 2390, 2438, 2480 to 2482, 2491, 4007, 4022, 4035 to 4040 Chongqing North Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed Railway, Nanjing–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway, Wuhan–Jiujiang Passenger Railway
22 2040, 2042, 2170-2172 , 2191 , 2198 , 2228 , 2304 , 2360 , 2364 , 2373 , 2391 , 2392 , 2395-2397 , 2490 , 2492 , 4020 , 4023, 4042 Guiyang North Guiyang–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway, Hengyang–Liuzhou Intercity Railway, Liuzhou–Nanning Intercity Railway
Nanning Railway Bureau 54 2238, 2240 to 2245, 2262, 2263, 2269, 2270, 2276, 2281, 2286, 2287, 2296, 2297, 2303, 2312 to 2315, 2327, 2328, 2346 to 2348, 2351, 2370, 2371, 2375, 2377, 2378, 2383, 2386, 2387, 2393, 2394, 2398, 2399, 2401, 2404, 2407, 2443 to 2445, 2450, 4018, 4027, 4031, 4032, 4069, 4114, 4115 Nanning Hengyang–Liuzhou Intercity Railway, Liuzhou–Nanning Intercity Railway, Guiyang–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway, Nanning–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway
40 2239, 2266, 2277 to 2280, 2288, 2289, 2300, 2301, 2306, 2307, 2366 to 2369, 2376, 2384, 2400, 2402, 2412, 2413, 2431 to 2433, 2439, 4033, 4034, 4041, 4043, 4044, 4068, 4070, 4071, 4116~4121 Guilin North Hengyang–Liuzhou Intercity Railway, Liuzhou–Nanning Intercity Railway, Guiyang–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway, Nanning–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway
China MOR 1 2828 Official Train
1 2010 Track Inspection Train
CRH2B
Shanghai Railway Bureau 10 2111~2120 Nanjing Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed Railway, Shanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway, Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway
CRH2C
Shanghai Railway Bureau 27 2062~2067, 2069~2090 Nanjing South Shanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway, Hangzhou–Ningbo High-Speed Railway, Shanghai–Nanjing Intercity Railway, Nanjing–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway
18 2097~2110, 2141~2144 Hefei South Hefei–Nanjing Passenger Railway, Nanjing–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway, Shanghai–Nanjing Intercity Railway
Xi'an Railway Bureau 9 2091~2096, 2145~2149 Xi'an North Zhengzhou–Xi'an High-Speed Railway
China MOR 3 2061, 2068, 2150 Track Inspection Train
CRH2E
Beijing Railway Bureau 19 2121~2126, 2128, 2130~2138, 2463~2465 Beijing Beijing–Shanghai Railway, Beijing–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway, Guangzhou–Zhuhai Intercity Railway
CRH2J
China Railway Corporation 1 0205 Comprehensive inspection trains in orange livery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Japan Inc Shoots Itself on the Foot
  2. ^ a b 关于动卧车票及CRH2系列列车的一些最新消息!
  3. ^ 视频:我国首列具自主知识产权长大编组动车组下线
  4. ^ 上海至合肥动车昨首发 全程3.5小时
  5. ^ 南车集团高速列车项目获国家开发银行150亿贷款
  6. ^ a b High Speed Rail (HSR) in China: 5 Years Equals 40 Years Archived 2013-01-01 at archive.today
  7. ^ Proprietary High Speed Locomotives
  8. ^ 我国自主研制的首列时速300公里动车组下线
  9. ^ 国产首列时速300公里"和谐号"动车组成功下线 Archived 2008-04-03 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ 京津城际列车跑出370公里时速 创国产动车组纪录 Archived 2008-04-29 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "最高时速394.2公里比波音747起飞时还快". Archived from the original on 2017-08-27. Retrieved 2010-10-20.
  12. ^ CRH2C page on CSR Sifang official site[permanent dead link]
  13. ^ 南车青岛四方股份造动车组装备郑西高铁
  14. ^ 南车四方自主研制的世界首批长大编组卧车动车组投入运营 Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ "我国首列时速250公里纵向卧铺动车组下线-南方都市报·奥一网". epaper.oeeee.com. Retrieved 2020-06-07.
  16. ^ "都是小"包间"!中国推出最新型纵向卧铺动车组-中新网". www.chinanews.com. Retrieved 2020-06-07.
  17. ^ "中国第一款纵向布局"双层"卧铺动车组下线 - 行业 - 人民铁道网 - 中国官方铁路门户". www.peoplerail.com. Retrieved 2017-07-02.
  18. ^ "China's New High-Speed Sleeper Train is Literally a 'Moving Hotel'". nextshark. July 2017.
  19. ^ "中国高寒动车组拿到市场"准生证",零下40℃照样跑_10%公司_澎湃新闻-The Paper". www.thepaper.cn. Retrieved 2020-06-07.
  20. ^ xj.people.com.cn http://xj.people.com.cn/n/2015/1210/c188521-27291462.html. Retrieved 2020-06-07. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  21. ^ 52列動車組將投入運營 37列為南車四方制造的和諧號CRH2型 Archived 2007-10-31 at the Wayback Machine, Science and Technology Daily