Chinatown, London
  • 倫敦唐人街
London, China Town -- 2016 -- 4868.jpg

Main gate on Wardour Street
London borough
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLONDON
Postcode districtW1D
Dialling code020
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
London Chinatown
Traditional Chinese倫敦唐人街
Simplified Chinese伦敦唐人街
Alternative Chinese name
Traditional Chinese倫敦華埠
Simplified Chinese伦敦华埠
Map of the Chinatown area
Map of the Chinatown area
Chinese pavilion at Newport Place, removed in 2016
Chinese pavilion at Newport Place, removed in 2016

Chinatown is an ethnic enclave in the City of Westminster, London, bordering Soho to its north and west, Theatreland to the south and east. The enclave currently occupies the area in and around Gerrard Street. It contains a number of Chinese restaurants, bakeries, supermarkets, souvenir shops, and other Chinese-run businesses. The first Chinatown was located in Limehouse in the East End.

History

The first area in London known as Chinatown was located in the Limehouse area of the East End of London.[1] At the start of the 20th century, the Chinese population of London was concentrated in that area, setting up businesses which catered to the Chinese sailors who frequented in Docklands. The area was known through exaggerated reports and tales of slum housing and (the then-legal) opium dens, rather than the Chinese restaurants and supermarkets of the current Chinatown. However, much of the area was damaged by aerial bombing during the Blitz in the Second World War, although a number of elderly Chinese still choose to live in this area. After the Second World War, however, the growing popularity of Chinese cuisine and an influx of immigrants from Hong Kong led to an increasing number of Chinese restaurants being opened elsewhere.

The present Chinatown, which is off Shaftesbury Avenue did not start to be established until the 1970s. Previously, it was a regular Soho area, run-down, with Gerrard Street the main thoroughfare. It was dominated by the Post Office, facing Macclesfield Street, and other major establishments were The Tailor & Cutter House, at 43/44, now a Chinese supermarket and restaurant, the Boulogne Restaurant, near the Wardour Street end, and by Peter Mario's Restaurant at the other end. Other businesses included a master baker's, the Sari Centre, Lesgrain French Coffee House, Harrison Marks' Glamour Studio, an Indian restaurant and various brothels. Probably the first Chinese restaurants opened in Lisle Street,[2] parallel to Gerrard Street, and more opened gradually; one of the first restaurants was Kowloon Restaurant. The Tailor & Cutter did not close down until around 1974. The area now has more than 80 restaurants.[3]

In 2005, the property developer Rosewheel proposed a plan to redevelop the eastern part of Chinatown. The plan was opposed by many of the existing retailers in Chinatown, as they believe that the redevelopment would drive out the traditional Chinese retail stores from the area and change the ethnic characteristic of Chinatown. In October 2013 and July 2018, the London Chinatown Community Centre (LCCC) organised a one-day shutdown in protest of violent tactics by immigration officers from the Home Office.[4][5]

The London Chinatown Community Centre (LCCC) has been housed in the Chinatown area since it was founded in 1980 by Dr Abraham Lue. The Centre claims to have received 40,000 people for help and assistance since its foundation. Located since 1998 on the second floor of 28-29 Gerrard Street, the Centre relocated to 2 Leicester Court in 2012, above the Hippodrome Casino.[6]

On 25 July 2016, a new Chinatown gate on Wardour Street was opened by Prince Andrew, the Duke of York. It was made by Chinese artisans and assembled in London. The gate is in the style of the Qing dynasty.[7]

There was a Chinese-style pavilion at Newport Place from the 1980s which was a popular meeting point, but it was demolished in 2016 after more than thirty years, despite protests. The development authorities had plans to renovate and enlarge the square.[8] The construction of a new pavilion at a different location was announced.[9]

Geography

Chinatown has no officially defined size, but it has commonly been considered to approximately encompass Gerrard Street, the bottom half of Wardour Street, Rupert Street and Rupert Court, a section of Shaftesbury Avenue and Lisle Street, Macclesfield Street and Newport Place, Newport Court and Little Newport Street.[7]

Education

For education in Chinatown, London, see City of Westminster § Education.

The City of Westminster operates the Charing Cross Library with the Westminster Chinese Library.[38][39]

Transport

The nearest London Underground stations are Leicester Square and Piccadilly Circus.

Popular culture

The films Ping Pong (1986) and Soursweet (1988) are set in Chinatown; they are regarded as the first British-Chinese films, and make extensive use of Chinatown locations.[40][41]

Car park

There is a China Town car park, which is underneath Vale Royal House, a large residential block in Newport Court, both built in the 1980s and managed by Westminster City Council.[42]

Gallery

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ Sales, Rosemary (2012). "London's Chinatown". In Donald, Stephanie (ed.). Branding cities : cosmopolitanism, parochialism, and social change. d'Angelo, Alessio; Liang, Xiujing; Montagna, Nicola. London: Routledge. pp. 45–58. ISBN 978-0-415-53670-7. OCLC 782999960.
  2. ^ In the 1950s, followed by SeeWoo, a Chinese supermarket, still serving the community today. Lisle Street was the Mecca of electronic junk, attracting hifi and television enthusiasts from all over southern England
  3. ^ "Giles Coren reviews Empress of Sichuan". The Times. 20 February 2010.
  4. ^ "Chinatown in London is shutting down to protest 'violent fishing raids' by immigration officials". i. 24 July 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  5. ^ Topping, Alexandra (22 October 2013). "Chinatown workers walk out in protest at immigration raids". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  6. ^ "Our History". London Chinatown Community Centre. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
  7. ^ a b "Find out about Chinatown".
  8. ^ "Chinatown pagoda is demolished as part of regeneration scheme". West End Extra.
  9. ^ "London's iconic Chinatown pavilion set for rebirth - World - Chinadaily.com.cn". www.chinadaily.com.cn.
  10. ^ Fairfield, S. The Streets of London – A dictionary of the names and their origins, p65
  11. ^ "Charing Cross – Britannica Online Encyclopedia". library.eb.co.uk. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
  12. ^ Helen Bebbington London Street Names (1972)
  13. ^ Bebbington (1972), p. 81
  14. ^ Fairfield, S. The Streets of London – A dictionary of the names and their origins, p. 84
  15. ^ Bebbington (1972), p. 100
  16. ^ Fairfield, p. 85
  17. ^ Bebbington (1972), p. 101
  18. ^ "Londonist – Dansey Place". Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  19. ^ "British History Online: Gerrard Street Area: The Military Ground, Introduction". Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  20. ^ Fairfield, S. The Streets of London – A dictionary of the names and their origins, p132
  21. ^ Bebbington, G. (1972) London Street Names, p141-2
  22. ^ Fairfield, S. The Streets of London – A dictionary of the names and their origins, p143
  23. ^ Bebbington, G. (1972) London Street Names, p153
  24. ^ Fairfield, S. The Streets of London – A dictionary of the names and their origins, p164
  25. ^ Bebbington, G. (1972) London Street Names, p177
  26. ^ Fairfield, S. The Streets of London – A dictionary of the names and their origins, p. 290
  27. ^ Bebbington, G. London Street Names (1972), pp. 74, 198
  28. ^ Fairfield, S. The Streets of London – A dictionary of the names and their origins, p193
  29. ^ Bebbington (1972), p. 200
  30. ^ Fairfield, S. The Streets of London – A dictionary of the names and their origins, p. 202
  31. ^ Bebbington (1972), p. 208
  32. ^ Fairfield, p. 281
  33. ^ Fairfield, p. 273
  34. ^ Bebbington (1972), p. 281
  35. ^ Fairfield, p. 292
  36. ^ Bebbington (1972), p. 298
  37. ^ Fairfield, p. 333
  38. ^ "Charing Cross Library Archived 31 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  39. ^ "Westminster Chinese Library." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 1 April 2012.
  40. ^ "BFI – Discover Chinese Britain on Film". Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  41. ^ "BFI Screenonline – British-Chinese Cinema". Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  42. ^ Vale Royal House at wikimapia.org, accessed 20 May 2020

Further reading

Coordinates: 51°30′40″N 0°07′53″W / 51.51111°N 0.13139°W / 51.51111; -0.13139