Chinese Taipei Football Association
AFC
Chinese Taipei Football Association.png
Founded1924 (as former Republic of China)
HeadquartersRoom 210, 2F
55 Chang Chi Street
10363 TAIPEI
Chinese Taipei (Taiwan)
FIFA affiliation1954
AFC affiliation1954
EAFF affiliation2002
PresidentChiou I-jen
Websitectfa.com.tw
Chinese Taipei Football Association
Traditional Chinese中華民國足球協會
Simplified Chinese中华民国足球协会

Chinese Taipei Football Association (CTFA) is the governing body for football in the Republic of China (commonly known as Taiwan). Its official name in Chinese is the Republic of China Football Association, but due to the political status of Taiwan it is billed abroad as the "Chinese Taipei Football Association" and uses the English initials TPE on its badge.[1]

The CTFA organizes the men's and women's national teams and administers the territory's professional league the Taiwan Football Premier League. As members of East Asian Football Federation its national teams are eligible for the EAFF E-1 Football Championship and the country's membership in AFC allows teams to participate in that organizations club and national team competitions. Taiwan is also a member of FIFA and is therefore eligible to play in the World Cup.

History

Founded in 1924, the Chinese Football Association became members of FIFA in 1931 and competed internationally at the 1936[2] and 1948[3] Olympic games. Following the end of Chinese Civil War in 1949, both the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC) contended to be the sole legitimate government of "China", and claimed sovereignty over both mainland China and Taiwan.[4][5] In May 1954, the ROC was a founding member of the Asian Football Confederation (AFC).[6][7] At the 29th FIFA Congress held in Bern during June 1954, the PRC objected to the proposed admission of "The China National Amateur Athletic Federation, Taiwan". At the suggestion of FIFA President Jules Rimet, that the congress follow FIFA tradition, remain in the sphere of football, and not allow political questions to be brought into the organization's discussions, Taiwan was admitted to FIFA by a vote of 31 to 21. At the next two FIFA Congresses, in 1956 and 1958, the PRC attempted to have Taiwan excluded from the organization, with the second proposal at the 31st Congress eliciting the support of the USSR.[8]

On 8 July 1958, the All China Athletic Federation (ACAF) notified FIFA of its withdraw as a member of the federation. FIFA stipulations at the time required that once a withdraw be announced it must be confirmed three months later by registered mail. With no such confirmation received, FIFA's Executive Committee still considered ACAF a member and sought the help of Victor Granatkin, the USSR Vice President of FIFA, to reconcile the organizations. At a meeting of FIFA's Executive Committee in late October 1959, Granatkin indicated that the ACAF would only rescind its withdraw after the expulsion of the Taiwan. At the 32nd FIFA Congress in Rome, the Bulgarian Football Union requested a vote on the expulsion of Taiwan which was rejected by a vote of 45 to 8 with 16 abstentions.[8]

Taiwan was expelled from the AFC in 1974[9] and was admitted as a provisional member of the Oceania Football Confederation (OFC) the following year, gaining full regular membership in 1976.[10] Taiwan's membership in the OFC was suspended after their national team's participation in the 1978 AFC and OFC World Cup qualification due "naming issues".[11] At the 41st FIFA Congress in Buenos Aires, Iran introduced another proposal for the cancellation of Taiwan's membership. Unable to come to a majority vote on the issue, the congress voted to entrust the FIFA Executive Committee to come up with a solution by a margin of 57 to 47. On 7 July 1980 FIFA's 42nd Congress approved the Executive Committee's proposal to allow Taiwan to remain a member of FIFA under the name Chinese Taipei Football Association and to readmit the Chinese Football Association.[8] Following this vote, Taiwan was re-admitted the OFC in 1982 before leaving and rejoining the AFC in 1989.[12]

National teams

Men's national team

Main article: Chinese Taipei national football team

Since the Chinese Taipei Football Association's membership with FIFA in 1954, the national teams has never qualified for a World cup. The team achieved their highest FIFA ranking of 121 in July 2018 under the management of Gary White.[13][14] Due to the political status of Taiwan the national team has competed in both the Asian Football Confederation and the Oceania Football Confederation during its history.

Taiwan reached the semi-finals of the 1960,[15] and 1968 AFC Asian Cups,[16] finishing third in the former. The national team also won gold in football at the 1954[17] and 1958 Asian Games[18] although it was later determined that some of the players in the team originated from British Hong Kong.[19]

Women's national team

Main article: Chinese Taipei women's national football team

Since the founding of the FIFA Women's World Cup, the women's team has failed to qualify for the tournament. The team achieved their highest FIFA ranking of 22 in 2003 [20]

Professional leagues

The professional first-division league in the Republic of China is Taiwan Football Premier League. Founded in 2017, it contains 8 teams that compete in a series of three round-robin tournaments from April to November for a total of 21 games. Since 2020, the lowest placed team in the Premier League is relegated to the Challenge League with the top team from the Challenge League promoted to the Premier League. The runners-up of the Challenge League play the 7th in the Premier League, with the winner playing in the first Division in the next season.[21]

League system

Level

League(s) / Division(s)

1

Taiwan Football Premier League
8 clubs

↓ 1 club ↑ 1 club
2

Taiwan Second Division Football League
8 clubs

Leadership

as of 9 November 2021[22] [23]

Name Position Source
Chinese Taipei Chiou I-jen President [22][23]
Chinese Taipei Hsiao Yong-Fu 2nd Vice President [22][23]
Chinese Taipei Hsieh Chun-Huan 3rd Vice President [22][23]
Chinese Taipei Shiao Yung-Fu 4th Vice President [22][23]
Chinese Taipei Fang Ching-Jen General Secretary [22][23]
Chinese Taipei Lin Xiu-Yi Treasurer [22]
Chinese Taipei Yen Shih-Kai Technical Director [22][23]
Chinese Taipei Wang Jia-Zhong Team Coach (Men's) [22][23]
Japan Kazuo Echigo Team Coach (Women's) [22]
Chinese Taipei Chiao Chia-Hung Media/Communications Manager [22]
Brazil Jose Amarante Futsal Coordinator [22]
Chinese Taipei Chuang En-Yi Referee Coordinator [22]

References

  1. ^ Darby, Paul (8 October 2013). Africa, Football and FIFA: Politics, Colonialism and Resistance. Routledge. ISBN 9781135298340. Retrieved 3 August 2017 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ "Chinese Olympic team 1936".
  3. ^ "Chinese Olympic team 1948".
  4. ^ Hudson, Christopher (2014). The China Handbook. p. 59. ISBN 9781134269662.
  5. ^ Rigger, Shelley (2002). Politics in Taiwan: Voting for Reform. p. 60. ISBN 9781134692972.
  6. ^ "會史". Chinese Taipei Football Association. Archived from the original on 2016-05-22. Retrieved 2016-05-23.
  7. ^ "AFC 60th Anniversary: Back to where it all began". Asian Football Confederation. Archived from the original on 28 September 2018.
  8. ^ a b c Homburg, H. (2006). "FIFA and the "Chinese Question", 1954-1980: an Exercise of Statutes". Historical Social Research. GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences. 31 (1): 69–87. JSTOR 20762103.
  9. ^ "AFC Bars Israel From All Its Competitions". The Straits Times. Reuters. 16 September 1974.
  10. ^ OFC History oceaniafootball.com
  11. ^ Hughson, John; Maguire, Joseph; Moore, Kevin; Spaaij, Ramón (2014). Routledge Handbook of Football Studies. p. 454. ISBN 9781135074821.
  12. ^ "Chinese Taipei". eaff.com/. Retrieved 2021-11-05.
  13. ^ "TPE World Ranking". Retrieved 2021-11-09.
  14. ^ White, Jonathan (12 September 2018). "Who is Hong Kong's new coach? 'Future England manager' Gary White's in his own words". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
  15. ^ "Asian Nations Cup 1960". Retrieved 9 November 2021.
  16. ^ "Asian Nations Cup 1968". Retrieved 9 November 2021.
  17. ^ "Asian Games 1954". Retrieved 9 November 2021.
  18. ^ "Asian Games 1958 (Tokyo, Japan)". Retrieved 9 November 2021.
  19. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 August 2017. Retrieved 7 January 2017.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ "TPE World Ranking". Retrieved 2021-11-09.
  21. ^ "2020台企甲資格賽明天開戰,未來企甲升降級制怎麼玩?" (in Chinese (Taiwan)). Retrieved 2019-03-07.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Chinese Taipei". Retrieved 2021-11-09.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h "Chinese Taipei". Retrieved 2021-11-09.