Chinese grouse
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Genus: Tetrastes
Species:
T. sewerzowi
Binomial name
Tetrastes sewerzowi
Synonyms[2]
  • Bonasa sewerzowi

The Chinese grouse, also known as Severtzov's grouse or the black-breasted hazel grouse[2] (Tetrastes sewerzowi) is a grouse species closely related to the hazel grouse.

It is a sedentary bird which inhabits conifer-rich mixed montane forests of central China. The bird is very similar in appearance to the hazel grouse apart from less of a white stripe on the head and neck.

The bird is named after a Russian explorer and naturalist, Nikolai Alekseevich Severtzov.[3]

Chinese grouse is legally an endangered species in China, in the area in which its most centrally located.[4] The population has been declining over the years and is still showing this decrease in numbers. The Chinese grouse has around 10,000 birds currently according to the Nordic Board for Wildlife Research.[5] The main cause of this decline is due to habitat loss by deforestation. There are many forestry practices, habitat fragmentation, and decrease in area of coniferous forests that contribute to the reasons this species is in decline.[4] Current efforts are being made in China to stop such a dramatic decline in the species such as halted logging of the forests.[5]

References

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2017). "Bonasa sewerzowi". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2017: e.T22679497A119421341. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T22679497A119421341.en.
  2. ^ a b "Bonasa sewerzowi". Avibase.
  3. ^ Lockwood, W B (1993). The Oxford Dictionary of British Bird Names. OUP. ISBN 978-0198661962.
  4. ^ a b Sun, Yue-Hua; Swenson, Jon E.; Fang, Yun; Klaus, Siegfried; Scherzinger, Wolfgang (April 2003). "Population ecology of the Chinese grouse, Bonasa sewerzowi , in a fragmented landscape". Biological Conservation. 110 (2): 177–184. doi:10.1016/S0006-3207(02)00187-8.
  5. ^ a b Storch, Ilse (July 2007). "Conservation Status of Grouse Worldwide: An Update". Wildlife Biology. 13 (sp1): 5–12. doi:10.2981/0909-6396(2007)13[5:CSOGWA]2.0.CO;2. ISSN 0909-6396.