Dwijing Festival in Chirang
Dwijing Festival in Chirang
Location in Assam
Location in Assam
Chirang district
Coordinates (Kajalgaon): 26°35′N 90°37′E / 26.58°N 90.61°E / 26.58; 90.61
Country India
State Assam
Territorial Region Bodoland
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesKokrajhar (shared with Kokrajhar district)
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesSidli, Bijni
 • Total1,169.9 km2 (451.7 sq mi)
 • Total482,162
 • Density410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highways27
Notable educational institutions

Chirang District is an administrative district in the Bodoland Territorial Region of Assam state in the North-East of India.[1]


The word "Chirang" has derived from Garo word – "chi" means water and "rang" means "rain".[2] It may also be a copy of Tsirang District of neighbouring Bhutan. On the other hand, most of the people regarded the word Chirang is derived from the Bodo word Chirang or Sirang. Si means life and Rang means Money.


It is a relatively new district in the Bodoland Territorial Region of Assam. Chirang district has been carved out from Bongaigaon district in 2004.[3] Sirang was an area which is covered by valuable soil, plants, trees, flora and fauna or the things which are necessary for human life. Thus, it is a place which is important for human life or the place which is just like money or valuable for life and is later come to know Si + Rang = Sirang. After some time, the word articulated to Chirang from Sirang. And thus, the word Sirang is latter known as Chirang.[citation needed]


Chirang is located in the lower part of Assam.It is located between longitudes 26.58°N (North) 90.61°E(East). The Chirang region has a plain geology. It additionally has undulating regions and the northern pieces of the area lie on the lower regions of Bhutan that has somewhat higher height, which is diminishing towards the southern pieces of the locale. The four sorts of soil found here are Entisols, Inceptisols, Alfisols and Ultisols. The region goes under Lower Brahmaputra Valley Agro-Climatic Zone. The environment is sub-tropical in nature with warm and sticky summer followed by dry and cool winter. The pre and post-storm months are eccentric and experience whimsical precipitation. Champabati River,Aie River and Manas River move through the area and join the Brahmaputra Waterway. Numerous different feeders, little creeks and streams course through locale.[citation needed]

National protected area-

Flora and fauna-

In 1990 Chirang district became home to Manas National Park, which has an area of 500 km2 (193.1 sq mi).[4] It shares the park with four other districts.


Chirang has a moderate climate. There is a lot of rainfall in the summer, and in the winter it is quite dry again. The average annual temperature for Chirang is 33° (degrees)and there is about 248 mm of rain in a year. It is dry for 282 days a year with an average humidity of 42% and an UV-index.[5]


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.

According to the 2011 census Chirang district has a population of 482,162,[7] roughly equal to the nation of Suriname.[8] This gives it a ranking of 547th in India (out of a total of 640).[7] The district has a population density of 244 inhabitants per square kilometre (630/sq mi) .[7] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.26%.[7] Chirang has a sex ratio of 969 females for every 1000 males,[7] and a literacy rate of 64.71%. 7.33% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 7.29% and 37.06% of the population respectively.[7]


Gelephu,India-Bhutan International border Gelephu,India-Bhutan crossing Gelephu is 41 km from kajalgaon, the headquarter of Chirang, 50 km from Bongaigaon, 340 km from Siliguri.[9]

Tourism Gallery

Kalamati stream
Dark view Kalamati
kalamati colorful hill
Black stone


The district has a headquarters in Kajalgaon. There are 479 revenue villages in the district. Some of the major town-



The district has numerous colleges and higher educational institute.[11]

Notable colleges-

All the college's and higher educational institutions are Affiliated to Bodoland University.



Religion in Chirang district (2011)[13]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated

Hindus make up the majority, with 66.50%. Muslims are the second largest with 22.66%. Christians are third with 10.32%.[13]


Languages of Chirang district (2011)[14]

  Boro (37.82%)
  Bengali (28.85%)
  Assamese (17.19%)
  Santali (4.72%)
  Rajbongshi (4.22%)
  Nepali (2.51%)
  Kurukh (1.11%)
  Hindi (1.06%)
  Others (2.52%)

The Boro is the official language of the district. According to the 2011 census, 37.83% of the population spoke Boro, 28.86% Bengali, 17.66% Assamese, 4.73% Santali, 4.22% Rajbongshi, 2.51% Nepali, 1.11% Kurukh and 1.06% Hindi as their first language.[14]


Notable people


  1. ^ "Chirang district of BTR–". Retrieved 16 April 2023.
  2. ^ "Chirang District – Assam". Retrieved 16 April 2023.
  3. ^ Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  4. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Assam". Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  5. ^ "Climate chirang". Retrieved 22 April 2023.
  6. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  7. ^ a b c d e f "District Census Handbook: Chirang" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  8. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Suriname 491,989 July 2011 est.
  9. ^ "Gelephu,India-Bhutan International". Retrieved 22 April 2023.
  10. ^ "Kalamati tourist". Retrieved 22 April 2023.
  11. ^ "List of Colleges in Chirang District". Retrieved 23 April 2023.
  12. ^ "Bongaigaon Refinery". Retrieved 23 April 2023.
  13. ^ a b "Table C-01 Population By Religion: Assam". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  14. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population By Mother Tongue: Assam". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  15. ^ "About the Awardee: Pwilao Basumatary". NDTV. Retrieved 31 July 2021.