Chokurdakh
Чокурдах
Other transcription(s)
 • YakutЧокуурдаах
Location of Chokurdakh
Chokurdakh
Chokurdakh
Location of Chokurdakh
Chokurdakh
Chokurdakh
Chokurdakh (Sakha Republic)
Coordinates: 70°38′N 147°54′E / 70.633°N 147.900°E / 70.633; 147.900Coordinates: 70°38′N 147°54′E / 70.633°N 147.900°E / 70.633; 147.900
CountryRussia
Federal subjectSakha Republic[2]
Administrative districtAllaikhovsky District[2]
SettlementSettlement of Chokurdakh[2]
Founded1936
Urban-type settlement status since1981[2]
Population
 • Total2,367
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
2,085 (−11.9%)
 • Capital ofAllaikhovsky District[2], Settlement of Chokurdakh[2]
 • Municipal districtAllaikhovsky Municipal District[5]
 • Urban settlementChokurdakh Urban Settlement[5]
 • Capital ofAllaikhovsky Municipal District[6], Chokurdakh Urban Settlement[5]
Time zoneUTC+11 (UTC+11:00 Edit this on Wikidata[7])
Postal code(s)[8]
678800, 678819
OKTMO ID98606151051
Chokurdakh population
2010 Census2,367[3]
2002 Census2,591[9]
1989 Census3,845[10]
1979 Census3,375[11]

Chokurdakh (Russian: Чокурда́х; Yakut: Чокуурдаах) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Allaikhovsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 2,367.[3]

Geography

Chokurdakh is located on the left bank of the Indigirka River, below its confluence with the Allaikha. The Yana-Indigirka Lowland lies to the west and northwest, and the Kondakov Plateau to the east, beyond the other bank of the Indigirka.[12]

History

It was founded in 1936 as the new administrative center of Allaikhovsky District, which was established in 1931.[citation needed] It served as a river port on the Indigirka, connecting to sea traffic using the Northern Sea Route. Urban-type settlement status was granted to it in 1981.[2]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, the urban-type settlement of Chokurdakh[1] serves as the administrative center of Allaikhovsky District.[2] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Allaikhovsky District as the Settlement of Chokurdakh.[2] As a municipal division, the Settlement of Chokurdakh is incorporated within Allaikhovsky Municipal District as Chokurdakh Urban Settlement.[5]

Economy and infrastructure

Chokurdakh is not connected with the outside world by any year-round roads. A winter road follows the Indigirka River upstream when it is frozen, traveling partly along the river ice, leading to Ust-Nera via Belaya Gora and Khonuu.

Chokurdakh is served by the Chokurdakh Airport, one of the most northerly airports in Russia, which may be unusable during strong winds and snowstorms.

Climate

Chokurdakh has an extreme subarctic climate (Dfc), bordering on polar. Temperatures have never risen above freezing from October 20 through to April 11. The record high is 32.0 C on 23 July 2020 and the record low is -54.4 C on 9 January 1964.

Climate data for Chokurdakh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −8.1
(17.4)
−11.1
(12.0)
−3.4
(25.9)
4.9
(40.8)
22.8
(73.0)
31.4
(88.5)
31.6
(88.9)
29.3
(84.7)
20.6
(69.1)
6.1
(43.0)
−0.9
(30.4)
−6.0
(21.2)
31.6
(88.9)
Average high °C (°F) −30.4
(−22.7)
−29.3
(−20.7)
−23.4
(−10.1)
−13.7
(7.3)
−1.5
(29.3)
10.7
(51.3)
16.0
(60.8)
12.1
(53.8)
4.0
(39.2)
−8.8
(16.2)
−21.4
(−6.5)
−28.1
(−18.6)
−9.5
(14.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −33.9
(−29.0)
−32.7
(−26.9)
−27.5
(−17.5)
−18.4
(−1.1)
−5.3
(22.5)
5.8
(42.4)
10.6
(51.1)
7.6
(45.7)
1.2
(34.2)
−11.5
(11.3)
−24.6
(−12.3)
−31.6
(−24.9)
−13.4
(7.9)
Average low °C (°F) −37.1
(−34.8)
−35.9
(−32.6)
−31.2
(−24.2)
−22.9
(−9.2)
−8.9
(16.0)
2.1
(35.8)
6.4
(43.5)
4.1
(39.4)
−1.0
(30.2)
−14.4
(6.1)
−27.9
(−18.2)
−35.0
(−31.0)
−16.8
(1.8)
Record low °C (°F) −54.4
(−65.9)
−50.3
(−58.5)
−48.2
(−54.8)
−42.6
(−44.7)
−30.0
(−22.0)
−11.2
(11.8)
−1.3
(29.7)
−6.4
(20.5)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−35.1
(−31.2)
−46.9
(−52.4)
−49.8
(−57.6)
−54.4
(−65.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 10
(0.4)
10
(0.4)
9
(0.4)
7
(0.3)
11
(0.4)
24
(0.9)
28
(1.1)
30
(1.2)
23
(0.9)
20
(0.8)
17
(0.7)
14
(0.6)
203
(8.0)
Average rainy days 0 0 0 0.1 3 14 17 17 14 0.3 0.1 0 66
Average snowy days 18 19 16 15 16 8 1 3 16 24 20 19 175
Average relative humidity (%) 79 79 79 79 81 75 75 82 87 88 84 80 81
Mean monthly sunshine hours 1 39 193 283 263 293 266 161 84 47 6 0 1,636
Source 1: Pogoda.ru.net[13]
Source 2: NOAA (sun 1961–1990)[14]

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b According to Article 7 of the Law #77-I, lower-level administrative divisions with the status of a settlement have their administrative centers in an inhabited locality with the status of an urban-type settlement. According to the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic, Chokurdakh is the administrative center of the Settlement of Chokurdakh.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d Law #173-Z #353-III
  6. ^ Law #172-Z #351-III
  7. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia] (XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 – via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  12. ^ Topographic map - Chokurdakh
  13. ^ "Weather and Climate-The Climate of Chokurdakh" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Retrieved February 27, 2016.
  14. ^ "Cokurdah (Chokurdakh) Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 27, 2016.

Sources