Chris Murphy
United States Senator
from Connecticut
Assumed office
January 3, 2013
Serving with Richard Blumenthal
Preceded byJoe Lieberman
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Connecticut's 5th district
In office
January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2013
Preceded byNancy Johnson
Succeeded byElizabeth Esty
Member of the Connecticut State Senate
from the 16th district
In office
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2007
Preceded bySteve Somma
Succeeded bySam Caligiuri
Member of the Connecticut House of Representatives
from the 81st district
In office
January 3, 1999 – January 3, 2003
Preceded byAngelo Fusco
Succeeded byBruce Zalaski
Personal details
Christopher Scott Murphy

(1973-08-03) August 3, 1973 (age 50)
White Plains, New York, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Cathy Holahan
(m. 2007)
EducationWilliams College (BA)
University of Connecticut (JD)
WebsiteSenate website

Christopher Scott Murphy (born August 3, 1973) is an American lawyer, author, and politician serving as the junior United States senator from Connecticut since 2013. A member of the Democratic Party, he previously served in the United States House of Representatives, representing Connecticut's 5th congressional district from 2007 to 2013. Before being elected to Congress, Murphy was a member of both chambers of the Connecticut General Assembly, serving two terms each in the Connecticut House of Representatives (1999–2003) and the Connecticut Senate (2003–2007).

Murphy ran for the U.S. Senate in 2012 after long-time incumbent Joe Lieberman announced in January 2011 that he would retire from politics rather than seeking a fifth term in office. He defeated former Connecticut secretary of state Susan Bysiewicz in the Democratic primary, and subsequently defeated Republican candidate Linda McMahon for the open seat in the general election. Aged 39 at the time, Murphy was the youngest senator of the 113th Congress.

Early life, education, and early career

Murphy was born on August 3, 1973, in White Plains, New York, to Catherine A. (née Lewczyk) and Scott L. Murphy.[1] He is of Irish and Polish descent.[2] Murphy's father is a corporate lawyer who served as the managing partner of Shipman & Goodwin, a Hartford law firm, and his mother is a retired ESL teacher from the Hanmer Elementary School in Wethersfield, Connecticut. Murphy has two younger siblings, a sister, Susannah, and a brother, Ben.[3]

Murphy is a graduate of Wethersfield High School. He received his B.A. degree from his father's alma mater, Williams College, and his J.D. degree from the University of Connecticut School of Law. As an undergraduate exchange student, Murphy also studied at the University of Oxford, where he was a member of Exeter College.[4] On May 19, 2013, Murphy received an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from the University of New Haven.[5]

In 1996, Murphy was campaign manager for Charlotte Koskoff's unsuccessful campaign for the House against Nancy Johnson; a decade later, Murphy himself would unseat Johnson. From 1997 to 1998, Murphy worked for Connecticut State Senate Majority Leader George Jepsen. Murphy was first elected to office in 1997, when he won a seat on the planning and zoning commission in Southington.[6]

Connecticut legislature

Chris Murphy on election night, 1996

House of Representatives


In 1998, at age 25, Murphy challenged 14-year incumbent Republican State Representative Angelo Fusco. Murphy was endorsed by the six largest labor unions in the state. The CT Employees Independent Union endorsed Murphy, the first time the union endorsed Fusco's opponent.[7] Fusco described himself as a union member, an environmentalist, and a moderate.[8] Murphy defeated Fusco 55%-45%.[9] In 2000, he won re-election to a second term, defeating Barbara Morelli 68%-32%.[10]


As early as March 1999, he criticized U.S. Congresswoman Nancy Johnson's vote for impeaching President Bill Clinton.[11] In 2001, he was a co-sponsor of a bill to eliminate child poverty.[12] He proposed legislation that would give free tuition to students of the state's community-technical colleges.[13] He proposed legislation that would ban smoking in state colleges and universities.[14] He co-sponsored a bill that would create an earned income tax credit.[15]

He was a supporter of rights for LGBT people as early as 2002.[16] During his tenure, he served on the Judiciary Committee.[17]



After two terms in the Connecticut House, Murphy decided to run for a seat in the Connecticut State Senate at the age of 29. The open 16th district had been held by a Republican for more than a decade. In the general election, he defeated Republican State Representative Ann Dandrow, 53%-47%.[18] In 2004, he won re-election to a second term, defeating Republican Christopher O'Brien, 60%-37%.[19]


In 2003, he joined the Clean Car Alliance and supported California-like environmental standards on auto manufacturers.[20]

In 2004, Murphy supported a bill that would ban smoking in all restaurants and bars.[21][22]

In 2005, Murphy authored legislation establishing the new Office of Child Protection, to "better coordinate advocacy for abused and neglected children".[23] Murphy also wrote Public Act 05-149, an act permitting stem-cell research while prohibiting human cloning.[24][25]

The act, signed into law by Governor Jodi Rell, made Connecticut the third state in the nation to permit taxpayer-subsidized stem-cell research.[26]

During his tenure in the State Senate, Murphy was one of the first ten co-sponsors of a civil union bill that passed the General Assembly in 2005. On his Senate campaign website, Murphy summarized his stance, "Let me be clear and simple: LGBT rights are human rights. Marriage equality and nondiscrimination in the military, workplace, classroom and healthcare system, based on real or perceived sexual orientation and gender identity, are civil rights that must be protected under law."[27] During his tenure he served as Chairman of the Public Health Committee.[28]

U.S. House of Representatives

Murphy campaigning for presidential candidate Barack Obama in 2008


Murphy chose not to run for re-election to the State Senate, targeting instead the U.S. House seat held by 12-term incumbent Republican Nancy Johnson.[29] In order to challenge Johnson, Murphy moved from Southington to Cheshire.[30] Murphy was elected in 2006 with 56% of the vote, defeating Johnson by a margin of about 22,000 votes; among incumbents, only John Hostettler lost by a larger margin that year.

He carried 35 of the district's 41 cities and towns, including several that had reliably supported Johnson for decades. He defeated Johnson by a significant margin in her hometown of New Britain, which she had represented for over 30 years in both the state senate and in Congress. He was re-elected again in 2008 and 2010, with 60% and 54% of the vote, respectively.[31][32]


Murphy has received high scores from progressive groups such as Americans for Democratic Action, NARAL Pro-Choice America, and various labor unions; and low scores from conservative groups as the Club for Growth, American Conservative Union, and FreedomWorks.[33]

In August 2008, Murphy sent a letter to House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer expressing support for increased oil drilling as part of a bipartisan energy bill.[34]

Murphy supports reform of federal supportive housing programs, which assist low-income people with severe disabilities. In 2008, the House of Representatives passed the "Frank Melville Supportive Housing Investment Act", which Murphy authored to modernize and streamline Section 811, which governs federal supportive housing grants.[35]

Murphy has called for the closure of the Guantanamo Bay detention camp;[36] however, in February 2011, Murphy voted to extend provisions of the Patriot Act.[37]

Health care reform

In 2009, Murphy helped draft HR 3200, the House health-care reform bill. Murphy defended his role in supporting the bill at a contentious town hall meeting in Simsbury in August 2009.[38][39]

Ted Kennedy and Murphy at a Barack Obama rally in February 2008

A longtime supporter of health insurance reform, Murphy is a strong proponent of the public option, which entails the creation of an independent, government-sponsored health insurance plan to compete with private companies. Murphy has argued that such a plan would not require government financing and would help to introduce competition into monopolized health insurance markets and help bring down costs.[40]

Congressional and judicial ethics reform

In May 2007, Murphy organized a group of freshmen House members to support the creation of an independent, non-partisan ethics panel to review complaints filed against members of the U.S. House of Representatives.[41] He has been credited with helping to shape the independent Office of Congressional Ethics, which was passed into law by the House in March 2008.[42]

Murphy sponsored a bill that would subject Supreme Court Justices to the same ethical code that applies to other federal judges and suggested in 2011 the possibility of an investigation to decide whether Justice Clarence Thomas had committed ethical violations that would justify removing him from office. The matter in question was Thomas's connection to Harlan Crow[43] and other supporters of the Republican Party.[44] Murphy circulated a draft letter to other members of Congress asking the House Judiciary Committee leadership to hold a hearing on the Supreme Court Transparency and Disclosure Act, which would end the Supreme Court's immunity to judicial ethics laws.[45]

Contractors operating overseas: As a member of the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee, Murphy was highly critical of for-profit government contractors operating in Iraq, which functioned with little government oversight and scrutiny. He introduced and successfully passed into law the "Government Funding Transparency Act of 2008", which required private companies that do the majority of their businesses with the federal government to publicly disclose their top executives' salaries.[46]

Local issues: Two home invasions occurred in Murphy's district in 2007 and 2008; the latter in Cheshire being especially brutal, with the rape and murder of a mother and her two young daughters. In response, Murphy proposed making home invasion a federal crime.[47]

Murphy has been a proponent of the proposed New Haven-Hartford-Springfield Commuter Rail Line, an effort to use existing railroad tracks owned by Amtrak to provide daily commuter service on par with Southwestern Connecticut's Metro-North service into New York. In 2008, Murphy successfully added an amendment to rail legislation making it easier for Amtrak and the state of Connecticut to cooperate on the rail project.[48] The line began operation in June 2018.

Murphy proposed reforms of the nation's 'missing-persons' databases, introducing "Billy's Law" in 2009 to improve coordination of law-enforcement efforts to locate missing persons. The legislation was named in honor of Billy Smolinski, Jr., a one-time resident of Murphy's district who disappeared in 2004.[49]

U.S. House committee assignments

U.S. Senate

2012 election

Main article: 2012 United States Senate election in Connecticut

Murphy announced on January 20, 2011, that he would run for the Senate seat held by Joe Lieberman, who was retiring in the face of a very low approval rating.[50] It was announced in mid-July that a group spearheaded by a state Capitol lobbyist was forming a Super PAC for his campaign, hoping to raise $1 million to combat a possible opponent.[51]

Murphy defeated former Connecticut Secretary of State Susan Bysiewicz in the Democratic primary and defeated Republican candidate Linda McMahon in the general election.[52][53] After McMahon's negative ads left Murphy "on the defensive virtually nonstop" and struggling to respond, the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee sent additional staff and money to Murphy to help with his campaign, saying they are "100 percent behind [him]."[54] Among the issues raised was Chase Home Finance sued for foreclosure against Murphy, whose campaign initially responded by claiming that Murphy had missed "a couple of mortgage payments." Murphy claimed that he did not know he was in default until legal proceedings started. Murphy received a loan at the rate of 4.99% from Webster Bank in 2008 to consolidate his previous mortgages.[55] At the time of this loan, Murphy was serving on the House Financial Services Committee. Murphy's opponent McMahon accused him of receiving what she called "special interest loans," and called on Murphy to release his financial records. Bank officials and outside experts claim there was nothing improper about the loans made to Murphy.[55][56][57]

On November 6, Murphy defeated McMahon with 55% of the vote, winning every county except Litchfield County. At the time, it was the most expensive political race in Connecticut history,[58] and one of the most expensive Senate races in 2012.[59]


Murphy took office as the junior United States senator for Connecticut on January 3, 2013. In the Senate, Murphy has worked on issues funding for transportation and infrastructure, the preservation of Long Island Sound, growing small farms and promoting Connecticut manufacturing.

In 2016, Murphy walked 126 miles across the state of Connecticut, listening to constituents and holding daily town hall meetings.[60] Murphy repeated the walk in 2017, covering 106 miles and holding five town hall meetings.[61]

In early 2020, Murphy secretly[62] met with Iranian foreign minister Javad Zarif on the sidelines of Munich Security Conference. They discussed U.S. nationals being detained in Iran, Iran's involvement in the Yemeni Civil War, and Iranian-backed militias in Iraq. In a post on, Murphy wrote: "I have no delusions about Iran — they are our adversary, responsible for the killing of thousands of Americans and unacceptable levels of support for terrorist organizations throughout the Middle East. But I think it’s dangerous to not talk to your enemies. Discussions and negotiations are a way to ease tensions and reduce the chances for crisis."[63]

In the wake of the 2021 storming of the United States Capitol, Murphy called for the removal of Donald Trump from office.[64] Murphy also stated that he would lead an investigation into the security breaches and law enforcement response during the attack.[65]

Murphy with President Joe Biden at the White House in June 2022

Commenting on the day of the fall of Kabul, Murphy said, "Our priority now needs to be evacuating American personnel and as many of our Afghan partners as humanly possible. I firmly believe that President Biden made the right decision by standing by the Trump administration's decision to bring our troops home and end the longest war in our nation's history."[66]

Committee assignments



Caucus memberships

Political positions


After the overturning of Roe v. Wade in June 2022, Murphy called it a "disaster" of a decision.[67]

Economic issues

Murphy has introduced two pieces of legislation, the American Jobs Matter Act[68] and the 21st Century Buy American Act[69] to close loopholes in the existing Buy American laws and encourage the U.S. government to purchase American-made goods.

In May 2018, Murphy was one of twelve senators to sign a letter to Chairman of the Federal Labor Relations Authority Colleen Kiko urging the FLRA to end efforts to close its Boston regional office until Congress debated the matter, furthering that the FLRA closing down its seven regional offices would cause staff to be placed farther away from the federal employees they protect the rights of.[70]

Murphy has spoken out against outsourcing.[71] However, Murphy voted against Bernie Sanders' proposed motion to United States Innovation and Competition Act concerning semiconductor manufacturers. The motion was to help possible unionizing efforts amongst employees of the manufacturers the act would supply federal funding to, as well as preventing those companies from outsourcing jobs overseas.[72][73]

Foreign policy

Murphy with Svoboda party leader Oleh Tyahnybok at Euromaidan in Kyiv, Ukraine, December 2013

Murphy is one of the first members of Congress to come out in opposition to US support for the Saudi-led military campaign in Yemen, which was launched in 2015.[74] In a speech on January 29, 2016, he recommended that the US stop supporting this military campaign and suspend military sales to Saudi Arabia until the US receives assurances that the war will not distract from Saudi efforts against al-Qaeda and ISIS and Saudi Arabia lessens its worldwide support of Wahhabism.[75] Murphy is a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the ranking Democratic member of the subcommittee on the Middle East and Counter-terrorism.[76] In the edition of June 8, 2015 of Foreign Affairs, Murphy co-authored "Principles for a Progressive Foreign Policy," proposing a framework for a Democratic foreign policy strategy.[77]

In November 2017, Murphy accused the United States of complicity in the war crimes committed in Yemen by the Saudi-led military coalition and in Yemen's humanitarian crisis, saying: "Thousands and thousands inside Yemen today are dying....This horror is caused in part by our decision to facilitate a bombing campaign that is murdering children and to endorse a Saudi strategy inside Yemen that is deliberately using disease and starvation and the withdrawal of humanitarian support as a tactic."[78] In October 2018, Murphy wrote that if the reports of Jamal Khashoggi's murder are true, "it should represent a fundamental break" in Saudi Arabia–United States relations.[79] Murphy, along with Bernie Sanders and Mike Lee, advanced a vote to co-sponsor a resolution that would require the President to "withdraw troops in or "affecting" Yemen within 30 days unless they are fighting al Qaeda."[80] In February 2019, Murphy was one of seven senators to reintroduce legislation requiring sanctions on Saudi officials involved in the killing of Jamal Khashoggi and seeking to address support for the Yemen civil war through prohibiting some weapons sales to Saudi Arabia and U.S. military refueling of Saudi coalition planes.[81]

Murphy with Estonian Foreign Minister Sven Mikser in 2016.

Murphy is renowned as one of the most vociferous critics of Russia in the Senate. Among his positions on US-Russian relations, Murphy holds that Russia will remain a permanent, persistent threat to the United States and its security interests, regardless of the incumbent regime in the country. At an event at the Atlantic Council in 2019, Murphy professed the need for NATO allies to understand that the country has been always “far behind Russia in understanding our vulnerabilities."[82] At the same event, Murphy echoed the sentiments of Lithuanian and Georgian foreign ministers that Russia's imperialist nature will always put it at odds with the United States, and that little will change until Russia as a "captive state of aggregate territories" changes its nature.[82]

In March 2016, Murphy authored the bipartisan bill the Countering Foreign Propaganda and Disinformation Act, along with Republican Senator Rob Portman.[83] Congressman Adam Kinzinger introduced the U.S. House version of the bill.[84] After the 2016 U.S. presidential election, worries grew that Russian propaganda spread and organized by the Russian government swayed the outcome of the election, and representatives in the U.S. Congress took action to safeguard the National security of the United States by advancing legislation to monitor incoming propaganda from external threats.[83][85] On November 30, 2016, legislators approved a measure within the National Defense Authorization Act to ask the U.S. State Department to take action against foreign propaganda through an interagency panel.[83][85] The legislation authorized funding of $160 million over a two-year-period.[83] The initiative was developed through the Countering Foreign Propaganda and Disinformation Act.[83]

In September 2016, in advance of a UN Security Council resolution 2334 condemning Israeli settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories, Murphy signed an AIPAC-sponsored letter urging President Obama to veto "one-sided" resolutions against Israel.[86]

In July 2017, Murphy voted in favor of the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act that placed sanctions on Iran together with Russia and North Korea.[87][88]

In December 2017, Murphy criticized Donald Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, saying that it "It needs to be done at the right time and in the right manner."[89]

In December 2018, President Donald Trump ordered the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Syria. Murphy said in a statement: "I support withdrawing troops, but we must also rejoin a diplomatic process that the Trump administration has left to other powers, and we need a surge in humanitarian relief. That's the only way we can protect the Syrian people against a Turkish incursion or regime reprisals.[90]

In April 2019, Murphy was one of thirty-four senators to sign a letter to President Trump encouraging him "to listen to members of your own Administration and reverse a decision that will damage our national security and aggravate conditions inside Central America", asserting that Trump had "consistently expressed a flawed understanding of U.S. foreign assistance" since becoming president and that he was "personally undermining efforts to promote U.S. national security and economic prosperity" through preventing the use of Fiscal Year 2018 national security funding. The senators argued that foreign assistance to Central American countries created less migration to the U.S., citing the funding's helping to improve conditions in those countries.[91]

In January 2020, Murphy wrote to FBI Director Christopher A. Wray, urging the FBI to "investigate the allegations" that Saudi Arabia "illegally compromised and stole personal data" from Jeff Bezos, the owner of The Washington Post, as part of a possible effort to "influence, if not silence, the Washington Post’s reporting on Saudi Arabia".[92][93]

In May 2020, Murphy voiced his opposition to Israel's plan to annex parts of the Israeli-occupied West Bank.[94]

In January 2024, Murphy voted against a resolution, proposed by Senator Bernie Sanders, to apply the human rights provisions of the Foreign Assistance Act to U.S. aid to Israel's military. The proposal was defeated, 72 to 11.[95] On February 7, 2024, Murphy stated he would support an amendment requiring weapons sold internationally to be used in compliance with U.S. law, international humanitarian law, and the laws of armed conflict.[96]

Gun control

Further information: Chris Murphy gun control filibuster

Murphy speaks in favor of gun control in 2017

Murphy supports gun control and has been a leading advocate in pushing for further legislation relating to it.[97] He supports a national assault weapon ban and introduced such a ban in 2017 and 2023.[98][99] Murphy has an F rating with the NRA Political Victory Fund and, in September 2020, published a book on gun control titled The Violence Inside Us: A Brief History of an Ongoing American Tragedy.[100][101]

The Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting occurred in Newtown, Connecticut, within Murphy's House district near the end of his term. In the aftermath of the shooting, he became a leading voice in the movement to prevent gun violence, supporting numerous policies including universal background checks and ending the ban on gun violence research at the CDC.[102] Murphy supported the bipartisan Manchin-Toomey background checks proposal, which would have strengthened and expanded the existing background check system and established a National Commission on Mass Violence to study in-depth all the causes of mass violence.[103] Upon the proposal failing to meet the 60 vote threshold for advancement, Murphy stated, "This is a day when the Republican filibuster stood in the way of 90% of Americans."[104]

In his first month in office, he criticized the National Rifle Association and Apple Inc. for a video game involving shooting with guns that was labeled appropriate for children as young as four.[105]

On June 24, 2015, Murphy said, "Since Sandy Hook there has been a school shooting, on average, every week"; The Washington Post described this statement as misleading.[106] On June 15–16, 2016, Murphy staged a filibuster regarding gun control following the Orlando nightclub shooting, the deadliest mass shooting in U.S. history at the time. The filibuster entered the list of the top 10 longest filibusters in U.S. history.[107] In the wake of the shooting, Murphy said "This phenomenon of near-constant mass shootings happens only in America – nowhere else" and "this epidemic will continue without end if Congress continues to sit on its hands and do nothing – again."[108]

Following the 2017 Sutherland Springs church shooting, Murphy and fellow U.S. Senator John Cornyn (R-TX) introduced the bipartisan Fix NICS Act to ensure criminal records are submitted to the federal background check system with the legislation ultimately passing in the 2018 Consolidated Appropriations Act.[109]

Following the 2018 Stoneman Douglas High School shooting,[110] Murphy made an impassioned call for action in the Senate stating that "this happens nowhere else other than the United States of America, this epidemic of mass slaughter, this scourge of school shooting after school shooting. It only happens here not because of coincidence, not because of bad luck, but as a consequence of our inaction. We are responsible for a level of mass atrocity that happens in this country with zero parallel anywhere else. As a parent it scares me to death that this body doesn't take seriously the safety of my children, and it seems like a lot of parents in South Florida will be asking the same question today. We pray for families, for the victims. We hope for the best."[111] In March 2018, Murphy was one of ten senators to sign a letter to Chairman of the Senate HELP Committee Lamar Alexander and ranking Democrat Patty Murray requesting they schedule a hearing on the causes and remedies of mass shootings in the wake of the shooting.[112]

Following the Robb Elementary School Shooting, Chris Murphy emerged as the lead Democratic Negotiator in support of the Bipartisan Safer Communities Act.[113] The Act, which would partially close the 'Boyfriend Loophole' while providing federal funding for mental health and red flag law adaptation, was viewed as the first piece of notable gun safety legislation in decades.[114][115]

Health care

Murphy has been a leading supporter of the Affordable Care Act in the Senate and has opposed Republican attempts to repeal the law, consistently speaking on the floor about the positive impact it has had on his constituents.[116]

In April 2017, Murphy was one of five Democratic senators to sign a letter to then-President Trump that warned failure "to take immediate action to oppose the lawsuit or direct House Republicans to forgo this effort will increase instability in the insurance market, as insurers may choose not to participate in the marketplace in 2018" and that they remained concerned that his administration "has still not provided certainty to insurers and consumers that you will protect the cost-sharing subsidies provided under the law."[117]

Murphy called the American Health Care Act of 2017 "an intellectual and moral dumpster fire," that will cause 24 million Americans to lose their health care coverage.[118]

Mental health

On August 5, 2015, Murphy introduced the bipartisan Mental Health Reform Act of 2015 with Republican Senator Bill Cassidy from Louisiana. The legislation, aimed at overhauling the mental health system, would build treatment capacity, promote integrated care models, expand the mental health workforce and encourage the enforcement of existing mental health parity laws.[119]

The bill was informed by listening sessions that Senator Murphy conducted across the state of Connecticut.[120] The bill was widely supported by the mental health community, with organizations including the American Psychiatric Association,[121] Mental Health America[122] and the National Council for Behavioral Health[123] applauding its introduction.

On March 16, 2016, the Mental Health Reform Act was passed unanimously by the Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions (HELP) Committee. On December 7, 2016, the Senate passed Mental Health Reform as a part of the 21st Century Cures Act. The bill also provided $1 billion in funding to address the opioid crisis and funding for NIH Cancer Moonshot initiative. The bill was signed into law by President Obama on December 13, 2016.[124]


In July 2019, Murphy and fifteen other Senate Democrats introduced the Protecting Sensitive Locations Act which mandated that ICE agents get approval from a supervisor ahead of engaging in enforcement actions at sensitive locations with the exception of special circumstances and that agents receive annual training in addition to being required to report annually regarding enforcement actions in those locations.[125]


Murphy has a "B" rating from NORML for his voting history regarding cannabis-related causes. In 2016, he voted in favor of the Daines/Merkley Amendment to enable Veterans Administration doctors to discuss the benefits of medical marijuana with their patients. He also voted in favor of the Mikulski Medical Marijuana Amendment, which protects users in states with medical marijuana laws from federal interference.[126]

U.S. Supreme Court

After the U.S. Supreme Court overturned Roe v. Wade in June 2022, Murphy called the justices that supported the decision "politicians" and added, "The Constitution to them is just a fun tool to help them impose their political views on the entire country. The implausible inconsistency of the guns and abortion rulings is both sickening and revealing."[127]

Personal life

Murphy and his wife Catherine (née Holahan) married in August 2007. They have two sons.[128] Raised as a Congregationalist, Murphy identifies as "Protestant/unaffiliated" but said in 2015 that he was "not a regular churchgoer these days, in part, because of kids. In part because of a busy schedule."[129]



Electoral history

Connecticut's 5th Congressional District election, 2006[131]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Murphy 122,980 56.46
Republican Nancy Johnson (incumbent) 94,824 43.54
Total votes 217,804 100.00
Democratic gain from Republican
Connecticut's 5th Congressional District Election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Murphy (incumbent) 178,377 59.65
Republican David Cappiello 117,585 39.32
Independent Thomas Winn 3,066 1.03
Total votes 299,028 100.00
Democratic hold
Connecticut's 5th Congressional District Election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Murphy (incumbent) 122,879 54.06
Republican Sam Caligiuri 104,402 45.94
Total votes 227,281 100.00
Democratic hold
2012 U.S. Senate Democratic primary results
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Murphy 89,283 67.43%
Democratic Susan Bysiewicz 43,135 32.57%
Total votes 132,418 100%
United States Senate election in Connecticut, 2012[132]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Chris Murphy 828,761 54.82% +15.09%
Republican Linda McMahon 651,089 43.07% +33.45%
Libertarian Paul Passarelli 25,045 1.66% N/A
Write-in 6,869 0.45% +0.44%
Total votes 1,511,764 100% N/A
Democratic gain from Independent
United States Senate election in Connecticut, 2018[133]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Chris Murphy (incumbent) 825,579 59.53% +4.71%
Republican Matthew Corey 545,717 39.35% -3.94%
Libertarian Richard Lion 8,838 0.64% -1.02%
Green Jeff Russell 6,618 0.48% N/A
Write-in 88 0.01% -0.44%
Total votes 1,386,840 100% N/A
Democratic hold


  1. ^ "John A. Lewczyk". Retrieved July 11, 2010.
  2. ^ "U.S. Rep. Chris Murphy Sets His Sights On U.S. Senate". Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  3. ^ "Catherine Holahan and Christopher Murphy wed". The New York Times. August 19, 2007.
  4. ^ "Williams at Exeter alumnus becomes youngest current US Senator". Archived from the original on April 23, 2013. Retrieved April 20, 2013.
  5. ^ "University of New Haven : Ted Kennedy Jr., Sen. Murphy to address UNH Graduates on May 19". Archived from the original on June 26, 2013. Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  6. ^ Jason Valle (August 14, 2012). "Murphy, McMahon Early Frontrunners in Southington". Southington Patch.
  7. ^ "Record-Journal - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  8. ^ "Record-Journal - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  9. ^ "Our Campaigns - CT State House 081 Race". November 3, 1998. Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  10. ^ "Our Campaigns - CT State House 081 Race". November 7, 2000. Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  11. ^ "Record-Journal - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  12. ^ "Connecticut General Assembly". Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  13. ^ "Connecticut General Assembly". Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  14. ^ "Connecticut General Assembly". Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  15. ^ "Connecticut General Assembly". Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  16. ^ Pollack, Robert C. (November 1, 2002). "Chris Murphy on same-sex marriage". Record-Journal.
  17. ^ "Record-Journal". Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  18. ^ "Our Campaigns - CT State Senate 16 Race". November 5, 2002. Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  19. ^ "Our Campaigns - CT State Senate 16 Race". November 2, 2004. Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  20. ^ "Record-Journal - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  21. ^ "The Hour - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  22. ^ Stowe, Stacey (May 11, 2003). "Smokers Get Ready for Lights Out". The New York Times.
  23. ^ "Chris Murphy". Your Public Media. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
  24. ^ Don C. Reed (July 12, 2012). "Racing for Senate in a Stem Cell State: Murphy and McMahon". The Huffington Post. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
  25. ^ "Record-Journal - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  26. ^ "U.S. Congressman Chris Murphy Receives Graduate of the Last Decade Award". Farmington Patch. June 28, 2011. Archived from the original on January 31, 2013. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
  27. ^ Wing, Nick. "Chris Murphy's US Senate Campaign Issues section". Chris Murphy for Senate campaign. Archived from the original on July 5, 2012. Retrieved July 28, 2012.
  28. ^ "What the Freshman Offer". Eye on FDA. November 14, 2006. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
  29. ^ "Connecticut's 5th Congressional District". Ballotpedia.
  30. ^ Mark Pazniokas (September 14, 2012). "Murphy refuses to release credit score, loan documents". The Connecticut Mirror. Archived from the original on September 20, 2012. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
  31. ^ "11/04/2008 General Election results for Representative in Congress" (PDF). State of Connecticut Secretary of the State. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 3, 2009.
  32. ^ "Connecticut - Election Results 2010 - The New York Times". Retrieved November 6, 2023.
  33. ^ "Project Vote Smart - Representative Murphy's Interest Group Ratings". May 14, 2010. Retrieved July 11, 2010.
  34. ^ Altimari, Daniela (October 6, 2008). "Congressman Chris Murphy Faces His First Race As An Incumbent". Archived from the original on June 11, 2011. Retrieved July 11, 2010.
  35. ^ Ct), News-Times (June 23, 2008). "Congressman wants more supportive housing". Connecticut Post. Retrieved July 11, 2010.
  36. ^ "Project Vote Smart - Representative Murphy on H Amdt 197 - Guantanamo Transfer Plan". May 17, 2007. Retrieved July 11, 2010.
  37. ^ "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 26". February 8, 2011. Retrieved February 8, 2011.
  38. ^ "Getting An Earful". August 6, 2009. Archived from the original on September 10, 2009. Retrieved July 11, 2010.
  39. ^ "Chris Murphy meets "the mob" in Simsbury, CT". The Next Right. August 17, 2009. Archived from the original on July 17, 2012. Retrieved July 11, 2010.
  40. ^ Moore, George (August 17, 2009). "Opinions differ on public option with local politicians". Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved July 11, 2010.
  41. ^ "Murphy leads Congress freshmen against scandal". May 17, 2007. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved July 11, 2010.
  42. ^ "Murphy praises pass of ethics bill". Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved July 11, 2010.
  43. ^ McIntire, Mike (June 18, 2011). "Friendship of Justice and Magnate Puts Focus on Ethics". The New York Times. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
  44. ^ Millhiser, Ian. "Rep. Murphy Says Thomas' Actions Call Into Question Whether He 'Can Continue To Serve As A Justice'". Think Progress. Retrieved March 10, 2012.
  45. ^ Millhiser, Ian. "Rep. Chris Murphy on Thomas Gift Scandal". Think Progress. Retrieved March 10, 2012.
  46. ^ "H.R. 3928 (110th): Government Funding Transparency Act of 2008". Retrieved September 14, 2012.
  47. ^ "Chris Murphy on the Issues". Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  48. ^ Jo-Ann Moriarty (June 12, 2008). "House of Representatives approves $14 billion high-speed rail bill to connect Washington, D.C., and New York City". Archived from the original on March 7, 2012. Retrieved July 11, 2010.
  49. ^ "Murphy to propose Billy's Law to help find missing adults". Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved July 11, 2010.
  50. ^ Kleefeld, Eric (October 7, 2010). "PPP Poll: Joe Lieberman Trailing Very Badly In 2012 Re-Election Bid". Talking Points Memo. Retrieved September 15, 2020.
  51. ^ Haigh, Susan (July 16, 2012). "Pro-Murphy super PAC created in Conn. Senate race". The Boston Globe. Associated Press.
  52. ^ Haigh, Susan (July 16, 2012). "Pro-Murphy super PAC created in Conn. Senate race". The Boston Globe. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
  53. ^ O'Leary, Mary (August 20, 2012). "Murphy, McMahon post decisive wins in primary election". The Litchfield News. Archived from the original on May 9, 2022. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
  54. ^ Nocera, Kate (September 18, 2012). "Dems sweating Connecticut Senate race". Politico.
  55. ^ a b O'Grady, Mary Anastasia (September 26, 2012). "Chris Murphy's 'I Forgot' Defense". Political Diary (The Wall Street Journal). Retrieved October 23, 2012.
  56. ^ "Linda McMahon-Chris Murphy Senate debate: sparks fly over TV ads". New Haven Register. October 7, 2012. Archived from the original on November 1, 2012. Retrieved October 23, 2012.
  57. ^ Altimari, Daniela (October 11, 2012). "Linda McMahon And Chris Murphy Clash At UConn". Retrieved October 23, 2012.
  58. ^ "Democrat Chris Murphy tops ex-wrestling exec Linda McMahon in bitter, expensive Connecticut Senate race". November 7, 2012. Retrieved July 15, 2016.
  59. ^ "The Most Expensive House and Senate Races of 2012". Roll Call. December 20, 2012. Retrieved July 15, 2016.
  60. ^ Haar, Dan. "Chris Murphy Finishes Walk Across Connecticut". Archived from the original on September 29, 2017. Retrieved November 21, 2017.
  61. ^ "Senator Chris Murphy to walk across the state for the second time". FOX 61. August 13, 2017. Retrieved November 21, 2017.
  62. ^ "Iran FM confirms secret meeting with US Democratic senator in Munich". The New Arab. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
  63. ^ Kheel, Rebecca (February 18, 2020). Democratic senator meets with Iranian foreign minister. The Hill. Retrieved September 18, 2021.
  64. ^ "Blumenthal, Murphy, Hayes call for Trump's removal from office". FOX61. January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
  65. ^ Seldin, Jeff (January 7, 2021). "US Capitol Police Overrun by Mob After Declining Help | Voice of America - English". VOA. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
  66. ^ Staff, News 12 (August 16, 2021). "Senators Blumenthal, Murphy say evacuation of US citizens from Afghanistan crucial". News 12 Networks. Retrieved August 16, 2021.((cite news)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  67. ^ Murphy, Chris. ""This is a disaster - for women, doctors, families, and all Americans. What we have now is a tiny group of politicians masquerading as justices, using their fancy robes and lifetime appointments as cover to impose their right wing political views on the entire country."". Twitter. Retrieved June 24, 2022.
  68. ^ Murphy, Christopher S. (January 6, 2015). "S.26 - 114th Congress (2015-2016): American Jobs Matter Act of 2015".
  69. ^ " - S.2167 21st Century Buy American Act". October 8, 2015. Retrieved February 15, 2018.
  70. ^ "US senators oppose closing federal labor relations offices". May 1, 2018.
  71. ^ "Manufacturing". United States Senate. Retrieved May 25, 2022.
  72. ^ "Roll Call Vote 117th Congress - 2nd Session". United States Senate. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
  73. ^ Skolnik, Jon. "Senate Democrats join with Republicans to vote down Bernie Sanders' effort to stop outsourcing". Retrieved May 11, 2022.
  74. ^ Schulberg, Jessica (February 5, 2016). "Senate Democrat Says It's Time to Cut Off Support for Saudi Arabia's War in Yemen". HuffPost Politics. The Huffington Post. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
  75. ^ Murphy, Chris; Davidson, Amy. "Chris Murphy on the Roots of Radical Extremism". Council on Foreign Relations. Archived from the original on February 5, 2016. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
  76. ^ Murphy, Chris. "Behind the Scenes - Middle East Trip". Chris Murphy homepage. Archived from the original on March 29, 2016. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
  77. ^ Murphy, Chris; Schatz, Brian; Heinrich, Martin (June 8, 2015). "Principles of a Progressive Foreign Policy". Foreign Affairs. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
  78. ^ "Jilani, Zaid (November 14, 2017). "Congress Votes to Say It Hasn't Authorized War in Yemen, Yet War in Yemen Goes On". The Intercept. Retrieved September 15, 2020.
  79. ^ Tibon, Amir (October 9, 2018). "After Six Days, Trump 'Concerned' Over Saudi Journalist Disappearance in Turkey". Haaretz.
  80. ^ Carney, Jordain (December 12, 2018). "Senate moves toward vote on ending support for Saudi-led war". The Hill. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  81. ^ Kheel, Rebecca (February 7, 2019). "Senators reintroduce bill to punish Saudis for Khashoggi killing". The Hill.
  82. ^ a b "US Sen. Chris Murphy warns allies to be vigilant about the 'quiet things' Russia is doing". April 3, 2019.
  83. ^ a b c d e Timberg, Craig (November 30, 2016), "Effort to combat foreign propaganda advances in Congress", The Washington Post, retrieved December 1, 2016
  84. ^ Kinzinger, Adam (May 10, 2016), "H.R.5181 - Countering Foreign Propaganda and Disinformation Act of 2016",, United States Congress, retrieved December 9, 2016
  85. ^ a b Porter, Tom (December 1, 2016), "US House of representatives backs proposal to counter global Russian subversion", International Business Times UK edition, retrieved December 1, 2016
  86. ^ "Senate – Aipac" (PDF). September 19, 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2016.
  87. ^ "U.S. Senate: U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 115th Congress - 1st Session". July 27, 2017.
  88. ^ Johnson, Alex (July 28, 2017). "Senate joins House in overwhelmingly passing new Russian sanctions". NBC News. Retrieved September 15, 2020.
  89. ^ "Who's Speaking Out Against Trump's Jerusalem Move". J Street. December 12, 2017.
  90. ^ Keating, Joshua (December 21, 2018). "Are Democrats Hypocrites for Criticizing Trump's Troop Withdrawals?". Slate.
  91. ^ Frazin, Rachel (April 4, 2019). "More than 30 Senate Dems ask Trump to reconsider Central American aid cuts". The Hill.
  92. ^ Miller, Maggie (January 29, 2020). "Democratic senator asks intelligence agencies to open probe into Bezos phone hack". The Hill.
  93. ^ Evelyn, Kenya (January 29, 2020). "Senator calls for US intelligence to investigate Jeff Bezos 'phone hacking'". The Guardian.
  94. ^ "Democratic senators release letter warning Israel against annexation". Jewish Insider. May 21, 2020.
  95. ^ "Senate Kills Measure to Scrutinize Israeli Human Rights Record as Condition for Aid". The Intercept. January 16, 2024.
  96. ^ "US senator supports weapons amendment that could affect Israel". Al Jazeera. February 7, 2024.
  97. ^ Murphy, Chris (October 2, 2017). "Mass shootings are an American problem. There's an American solution". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 15, 2020.
  98. ^ "Sens. Blumenthal, Murphy re-introduces assault weapons ban". Archived from the original on March 26, 2023. Retrieved January 27, 2023.
  99. ^ "Blumenthal, Murphy join other Democratic senators to introduce assault weapons ban". November 8, 2017. Archived from the original on March 26, 2023. Retrieved November 8, 2017.
  100. ^ Lacey, Marc (September 1, 2020). "Tested by Tragedy, Two Politicians Review Their Records — Mistakes Included". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 2, 2020.
  101. ^ "Chris Murphy's Ratings and Endorsements". Vote Smart. Archived from the original on July 29, 2021.
  103. ^ "Gun Sense - Issues & Legislation - Joe Manchin, United States Senator, West Virginia". Archived from the original on November 8, 2016. Retrieved October 9, 2016.
  104. ^ "Transcript: Sen. Chris Murphy on the Senate's failure to pass the Toomey-Manchin gun legislation". Retrieved October 9, 2016.
  105. ^ Robillard, Kevin (January 15, 2013). "Murphy slams NRA, Apple for app". Politico. Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  106. ^ Ye Hee Lee, Michelle (June 29, 2015). "Has there been one school shooting per week since Sandy Hook?". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  107. ^ Vinograd, Cassandra (June 16, 2016). "The Longest Filibusters: Where Does Chris Murphy Stack Up?". NBC News. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
  108. ^ Berkowitz, Bonnie; Cai, Weiyi; Lu, Denise; Gamio, Lazaro. "Everything lawmakers said (and didn't say) after the Orlando mass shooting". Washington Post. Retrieved December 31, 2017.
  109. ^ "Cornyn, Murphy, Scott, Blumenthal Introduce Fix NICS Act to Enhance Compliance, Ensure Accuracy of Existing Background Check System for Firearms Purchases". United States Senator John Cornyn, Texas. November 16, 2017. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
  110. ^ "Florida Shooting Live Updates: White Supremacy Group Claims Nikolas Cruz as Member". The New York Times. February 15, 2018. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 15, 2018.
  111. ^ "This happens nowhere else". BBC News. February 15, 2018. Retrieved February 15, 2018.
  112. ^ "Senate Dems request health panel hearing on school shootings". The Hill. March 26, 2018.
  113. ^ Snell, Kelsey (June 22, 2022). "Senators reach final bipartisan agreement on a gun safety bill". NPR. Retrieved September 11, 2023.
  114. ^ "RELEASE: Sen. Chris Murphy on the Bipartisan Safer Communities Act and What Comes Next". Center for American Progress. July 18, 2022. Retrieved September 11, 2023.
  115. ^ Treisman, Rachel (June 23, 2022). "The Senate gun bill would close the 'boyfriend loophole.' Here's what that means". NPR. Retrieved September 11, 2023.
  116. ^ Radelat, Ana. "Murphy tries, but fails, to block ACA repeal". The CT Mirror. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
  117. ^ Hellmann, Jessie (April 3, 2017). "Dems ask Trump to drop lawsuit over ObamaCare insurer payments". The Hill.
  118. ^ Murphy, Chris [@ChrisMurphyCT] (May 2, 2017). "Trumpcare is still an intellectual and moral dumpster fire. CBO says 24m lose coverage, rates go up 15%, all to fund tax cut for rich" (Tweet). Retrieved November 20, 2017 – via Twitter.
  119. ^ "Mental Health Reform Act of 2015". August 5, 2015. Retrieved August 9, 2017.
  120. ^ "Murphy to unveil mental health bill". Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  121. ^ "APA Applauds Senators Murphy and Cassidy for Introducing Comprehensive Mental Health Reform Legislation". Retrieved August 9, 2017.
  122. ^ "MHA Applauds Introduction of Mental Health Reform Act of 2015". Mental Health America.
  123. ^ Farley, Rebecca (August 4, 2015). "Sens Murphy, Cassidy Introduce Comprehensive Mental Health Reform Bill". Capitol Connector.
  124. ^ Swanson, Ian (December 13, 2016). "Obama signs medical cures bill into law". TheHill.
  125. ^ Self, Zac (July 11, 2019). "Bill would block immigration raids at schools, courthouses".
  126. ^ "California Scorecard". NORML. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
  127. ^ Murphy, Chris. ""These guys are just politicians. The Constitution to them is just a fun tool to help them impose their political views on the entire country. The implausible inconsistency of the guns and abortion rulings is both sickening and revealing."". Twitter. Retrieved June 24, 2022.
  128. ^ "ABOUT CHRIS". Retrieved January 15, 2014.
  129. ^ Keith, Tamara (September 24, 2015). "The Pope Addressed A Congress That's Much More Christian Than America". NPR. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
  130. ^ Murphy, Chris (July 18, 2023). "Algorithms Are Making Kids Desperately Unhappy". New York Times. Retrieved April 15, 2024.
  131. ^ "Vote for Representatives in Congress 2006". Connecticut Secretary of the State. Archived from the original on June 5, 2010. Retrieved August 21, 2010.
  132. ^ "11/06/2012-General Election Results Presidential Electors For" (PDF).
  133. ^ "2018 Connecticut general election results" (PDF). Retrieved June 12, 2019.
Connecticut House of Representatives Preceded byAngelo Fusco Member of the Connecticut House of Representativesfrom the 81st district 1999–2003 Succeeded byBruce Zalaski Connecticut State Senate Preceded bySteve Somma Member of the Connecticut State Senatefrom the 16th district 2003–2007 Succeeded bySam Caligiuri U.S. House of Representatives Preceded byNancy Johnson Member of the U.S. House of Representativesfrom Connecticut's 5th congressional district 2007–2013 Succeeded byElizabeth Esty Party political offices Preceded byNed Lamont Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Connecticut(Class 1) 2012, 2018 Most recent U.S. Senate Preceded byJoe Lieberman U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Connecticut 2013–present Served alongside: Dick Blumenthal Incumbent Honorary titles Preceded byBrian Schatz Baby of the Senate 2013–2015 Succeeded byTom Cotton U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial) Preceded byBrian Schatz Order of precedence of the United Statesas United States Senator Succeeded byElizabeth Warren Preceded byTammy Baldwin Seniority in the United States Senate 46th Succeeded byMazie Hirono