Christine F. Salmon
Born
Christine Fahringer

(1916-07-22)July 22, 1916
DiedOctober 10, 1985(1985-10-10) (aged 69)
Other namesChris Salmon
Occupationarchitect
SpouseCuthbert Salmon (m. April 22, 1946)

Christine Salmon (née Fahringer, July 22, 1916 — October 10, 1985) was an American architect and educator, originally from Pennsylvania. After teaching at Pennsylvania State University for a decade, she moved to Oklahoma in the late-1950s and taught at Oklahoma State University. She and her husband founded the architectural firm Salmon and Salmon, which focused primarily on housing and designs which accommodated people with disabilities. At the national level, she served on the National Housing Commission of the American Institute of Architects (AIA) from 1969 to 1985 and was a Fellow of the AIA. She was the first woman elected as mayor of Stillwater, Oklahoma and had previously served on the Stillwater City Commission. Salmon was inducted into the Oklahoma Women's Hall of Fame in its inaugural year, 1982.

Biography

Christine Fahringer was born on July 22, 1916, in Audenried, Pennsylvania to Elizabeth (née Tench) and Walter Fahringer.[1] She grew up in Pennsylvania and attended the George School.[2] Fahringer continued her education earning a bachelor's degree 1941[1] and then in 1943, she graduated with a master's degree in architecture, both from the University of Pennsylvania.[3] On April 22, 1946, in Hazleton, Pennsylvania,[1] she married fellow architect F. Cuthbert Salmon and they went on to establish an architectural firm Salmon and Salmon. That same year, she began teaching as an associate professor in architecture at Pennsylvania State University. She and her husband designed primarily housing with a focus on making functional designs for physically disabled people.[4]

Working in the Home Arts and Design Department at Penn State,[5] Salmon stressed the importance of function, spatial aspects, environment and integration of various elements from the fields of construction, interior design and architecture to create buildings that were more practical for client needs. Rather than focusing on a specific challenge, she advocated for approaching design from a broad perspective—the exterior environment, the entire house flow, functional use of furnishings and overall comfort.[4][6][7] She and her husband jointly co-authored several books on design beginning in the late 1950s. Around the same time, in 1959, Cuthbert accepted a position at the Oklahoma State University School of Architecture and Applied Arts[8] and the couple relocated to Stillwater, Oklahoma. Due to nepotism restrictions, Salmon was prohibited from teaching architecture, and applied to work in the College of Home Economics,[1] where she was hired as an associate professor in the Housing and Interior Design Department.[9] From 1969 until 1985, Salmon served on the National Housing Commission of the American Institute of Architects and was admitted as a Fellow of the AIA for her work in creating design standards for people with physical and intellectual disabilities.[1] In the 1970s,[7] Salmon served as a visiting professor several different universities, including Ohio State University, Texas Tech University, the University of Iowa, the University of Nebraska, and at universities in Saudi Arabia and Taipei, Taiwan.[1]

Salmon won the OSU Teacher of the Year award three times: in 1966, 1971 and 1978[1][10] From 1973 to 1978, and as chair in 1974, she served on the Stillwater Planning Commission[1] and then from 1977 to 1982, Salmon served on the Stillwater City Council.[11] She was inducted into the Oklahoma Women's Hall of Fame in 1982, its inaugural year.[12] From 1982 until her death, Salmon served as the mayor of Stillwater, first woman to hold the post.[13] In 1984,[1] the Chris Salmon Endowed Professorship was established in her honor at OSU.[10]

Salmon died on October 10, 1985, in Stillwater, Oklahoma[14] after a lengthy battle with cancer.[1] She was posthumously honored with a park, the Chris Salmon Plaza, named in her honor in Stillwater[15] and a brick inscribed with her name being placed by a former student in the Iowa State University Plaza of Heroines.[1]

Selected works

Selected publishing

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Jennings, Jan (January 4, 2005). "Chris Salmon". Ames, Iowa: Plaza of Heroines at Iowa State University. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
  2. ^ "Engaged". Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: The Ottawa Journal. March 16, 1946. p. 10. Retrieved 20 December 2015 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  3. ^ Padilla, D.J. (June 11, 1984). "Center Prepares Displaced Homemakers to Stand Alone". Oklahoma City, Oklahoma: News OK. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Architecture Professor Foresees a Trend Back to Two-Story Homes". Tuscaloosa, Alabama: The Tuscaloosa News. August 16, 1957. p. 8. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
  5. ^ "Co. Homemakers to Meet Thursday at Clearfield". Clearfield, Pennsylvania: The Progress. April 22, 1955. p. 1. Retrieved 20 December 2015 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  6. ^ "'Mud Room' Anticipated by Home Economist". The Times. Hammond, Indiana. July 10, 1956. p. 17. Retrieved 20 December 2015 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  7. ^ a b Kennedy, Jack (January 7, 1976). "Visualization of Environment New UNL Curriculum's Goal". Lincoln, Nebraska: The Lincoln Evening Journal. p. 9. Retrieved 20 December 2015 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  8. ^ "Book to Be Published Today at Penn State". Clearfield, Pennsylvania: The Progress. April 29, 1959. p. 10. Retrieved 20 December 2015 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  9. ^ "Seven Attend OU Conference". Ada, Oklahoma: The Ada Weekly News. August 16, 1962. p. 6. Retrieved 20 December 2015 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  10. ^ a b Branson, Donna (2005). "A Great Teacher Continues to Instruct" (PDF). CHES Magazine. Vol. 12. Stillwater, Oklahoma: Oklahoma State University College of Human Environmental Sciences. p. 24. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
  11. ^ Mitchell, Van (May 21, 2015). "Female majority controls city council for the first time". Stillwater, Oklahoma: The Stillwater Journal. p. 3. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
  12. ^ "Women's Day Saturday at Okla. state capitol". Paris, Texas: The Paris News. 30 September 1982. p. 6. Retrieved 20 December 2015 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  13. ^ "About the City of Stillwater Flag". Stillwater, Oklahoma: City of Stillwater, Oklahoma. Archived from the original on 26 October 2015. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
  14. ^ "Christine Fahringer Salmon". Oklahoma City, Oklahoma: News OK. October 12, 1985. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
  15. ^ "A Historic Walking Tour of Downtown Stillwater, OK" (PDF). Stillwater, Oklahoma: Downtown Stillwater. Retrieved 20 December 2015.[permanent dead link]
  16. ^ a b c d Gane 1970, p. 795.
  17. ^ Jones 2005, p. 85.
  18. ^ Charles, Michelle (April 23, 2009). "Merger strengthens Starting Point II". Stillwater, Oklahoma: The Stillwater Journal. p. 1. Retrieved 20 December 2015.

Bibliography