Chuxiong Prefecture
楚雄州
楚雄彝族自治州
Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture
Chuxiong city overview.jpg
Location of Chuxiong Prefecture in Yunnan
Location of Chuxiong Prefecture in Yunnan
Coordinates (Chuxiong Prefecture government): 25°02′46″N 101°31′41″E / 25.046°N 101.528°E / 25.046; 101.528Coordinates: 25°02′46″N 101°31′41″E / 25.046°N 101.528°E / 25.046; 101.528
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceYunnan
Admin HQChuxiong
Area
 • Total29,256 km2 (11,296 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total2,684,000
 • Density92/km2 (240/sq mi)
Postal code
675000
Area code(s)0878
ISO 3166 codeCN-YN-23
Websitecxz.gov.cn (in Chinese)

Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture (Chinese: 楚雄彝族自治州; pinyin: Chǔxióng Yízú Zìzhìzhōu; Chuxiong Yi script:

楚雄彝文-楚雄彝族自治州.svg
IPA: /ɣo21 lu2155 su33 ʑɔ3321 mi33/; Yi script: ꊉꇑꆑꌠꑼꂰ; Yi Pinyin: wop lup nut su yuop mi) is an autonomous prefecture located in central Yunnan Province, China. Chuxiong has an area of 29,256 km2 (11,296 sq mi). The capital of the prefecture is Chuxiong City.

Subdivisions

There is two county-level cities and eight counties.

Map
Name Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010)
Area (km2) Density (/km2)
Chuxiong City 楚雄市 Chǔxióng Shì 588,620 4,482 131
Lufeng City 禄丰市 Lùfēng Shì 422,770 3,631 116
Shuangbai County 双柏县 Shuāngbǎi Xiàn 159,867 4,045 40
Mouding County 牟定县 Móudìng Xiàn 208,726 1,494 140
Nanhua County 南华县 Nánhuá Xiàn 236,138 2,343 101
Yao'an County 姚安县 Yáo'ān Xiàn 197,676 1,803 110
Dayao County 大姚县 Dàyáo Xiàn 273,315 4,146 66
Yongren County 永仁县 Yǒngrén Xiàn 109,304 2,189 50
Yuanmou County 元谋县 Yuánmóu Xiàn 215,795 1,803 120
Wuding County 武定县 Wǔdìng Xiàn 271,963 3,322 82
Map including Chuxiong (labeled as CH'U-HSIUNG (TSUYUNG) (Walled) 楚雄) (AMS, 1954)
Map including Chuxiong (labeled as CH'U-HSIUNG (TSUYUNG) (Walled) 楚雄) (AMS, 1954)

Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, Chuxiong Prefecture has 2,684,000 inhabitants, and according to the 2000 Census, Chuxiong Prefecture has 2,542,530 inhabitants with a population density of 86.91 inhabitants/km2.

Ethnic groups in Chuxiong, 2000 census

Nationality Population Percentage
Han 1,714,851 67.45%
Yi 668,937 26.31%
Lisu 51,553 2.03%
Miao 41,077 1.62%
Dai 20,514 0.81%
Hui 20,189 0.79%
Bai 15,251 0.6%
Hani 5,376 0.21
Others 4,782 0.18%

The Chuxiong Prefecture Almanac (1993:411) lists the following two ethnic Hani subgroups and their respective locations.

The Bai language of Chuxiong is different from Bai of Dali, but the two are mutually intelligible nonetheless (Chuxiong Prefecture Almanac 1993:406)

Yi people

See also: List of lesser-known Loloish languages

See also: Wuding County § Languages

The Chuxiong Prefecture Ethnic Gazetteer (2013:361)[2] lists the following 13 ethnic Yi subgroups and their respective autonyms (endonyms), exonyms, and demographic information.

Subgroup Autonyms Exonyms Population Locations
Luoluo (罗罗) Luoluopu (罗罗濮), Luoluoru (罗罗儒), Laluopu (腊罗濮) White Yi (白彝族), Diga (底嘎族), Gaoshan (髙山族), Alu (阿鲁), Baijiaozi (白脚子) 140,000 Chuxiong (楚雄), Nanhua (南华), Yao'an (姚安), Dayao (大姚), Yanfeng (盐丰), Mouding (牟定), Yanxing (盐兴), Guangtong (广通), Shuangbai (双柏), etc.
Lipu (俚濮) Lipu (俚濮), Maci (骂池濮) White Yi (白彝族), Li (黎族), Li (栗族), Maci (骂池族) 93,800 Yongren (永仁), Yanfeng (盐丰), Dayao (大姚), Yuanmou (元谋), Luquan (禄劝), Wuding (武定), etc.
Nuosu (诺苏) Niesupu (聂苏濮) Liangshan (凉山族), Black Yi (黑彝族), Man (蛮族), Mansan (蛮散族) 1,643 Yuanmou (元谋), Yongren (永仁), Wuding (武定), Luquan (禄劝), etc.
Nasu (纳苏) Nasupu (纳苏濮), Nisupu (尼苏濮) Black Yi (黑彝族), Ache (阿车族), Red Yi (红彝族), Luowu (罗武族) 120,767 Luquan (禄劝), Wuding (武定), Fumin (富民), Tianmou (天谋), Guangtong (广通), Mouding (牟定), Shuangbai (双柏), etc.
Shansu (山苏) Shansuru (山苏儒) Shesu (赊苏), Shansu (山苏) 37 Shuangbai (双柏)
Chesu (车苏) Chesuru (车苏儒) Qisupu (气苏濮) 2,769 Shuangbai (双柏)
Misaru (米撒儒) Misaru (米撒儒) Menghua (蒙化), Tuzu (土族), Tujia (土家) 90 Nanhua (南华), Yao'an (姚安)
Miqiepu (米切濮) Miqiepu (米切濮) Micha (密岔族) 7,785 Wuding (武定), Luoci (罗次), Fumin (富民), Luquan (禄劝)
Gesupu (格苏濮) Gesupu (格苏濮) Yi (彝族) 6,753 Yanfeng (盐丰), Wuding (武定)
Sani (撒尼) Sanipu (撒尼濮) Minglang (明朗族) 953 Wuding (武定), Luquan (禄劝)
Shui Yi (水彝) Popei (婆胚) Shuitian White Yi (水田白彝), Shui Yi (水彝族) - Dayao (大姚), Yongren (永仁)
Naluo (纳罗) Naluopu (纳罗濮), Aluopu (阿罗濮) Gan Yi (干彝族) 8,522 Wuding (武定), Luquan (禄劝), Yuanmou (元谋)
Gepu (葛濮) Gepu (葛濮) Gan Yi (甘彝族) 747 Luquan (禄劝), Wuding (武定)

References

  1. ^ "武定县高桥镇尼嘎古村委会". Archived from the original on 2014-05-12.
  2. ^ Chuxiong Prefecture Ethnic Affairs Office (楚雄彝族自治州民族事务委员会编), ed. (2013). 楚雄彝族自治州民族志. Yunnan Nationalities Press (云南民族出版社).