Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorCVG Airport Authority (formerly Kenton County Airport Board)
ServesCincinnati metropolitan area
Location2939 Terminal Drive
Boone County, Kentucky, U.S.
(Hebron postal address)
OpenedJanuary 10, 1947; 77 years ago (1947-01-10)[1]
Hub for
Focus city forDelta Air Lines[2]
Operating base for
Elevation AMSL896 ft / 273 m
Coordinates39°02′56″N 084°40′04″W / 39.04889°N 84.66778°W / 39.04889; -84.66778
Websitewww.cvgairport.com
Maps
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
Map
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
9/27 12,000 3,658 Asphalt/Concrete
18C/36C 11,000 3,353 Asphalt/Concrete
18L/36R 10,000 3,048 Concrete
18R/36L 8,000 2,438 Concrete
Statistics (2023)
Total passengers8,718,443
Aircraft operations165,739
Total cargo (tons)2,095,117
Source: CVG Airport[3]

Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport (IATA: CVG, ICAO: KCVG, FAA LID: CVG) is a public international airport located in Boone County, Kentucky, United States, around the community of Hebron. The airport serves the Cincinnati tri-state area. The airport's code, CVG, is derived from the nearest city at the time of the airport's opening, Covington, Kentucky. The airport covers an area of 7,700 acres (3,100 ha).[4] It is included in the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2023–2027, in which it is categorized as a medium-hub primary commercial service facility.[5]

Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport offers non-stop passenger service to over 50 destinations in North America and Europe,[6] handling numerous domestic and international cargo flights every day.[7] The airport is a cargo global hub for Amazon Air, Atlas Air, ABX Air, Kalitta Air, and DHL Aviation. The airport is currently the 6th busiest airport in the United States by cargo traffic and 12th largest in the world. CVG is the fastest-growing cargo airport in North America.[8][9]

History

Beginnings

President Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration approved preliminary funds for site development of the Greater Cincinnati Airport on February 11, 1942. This was part of the United States Army Air Corps program to establish training facilities during World War II. At the time, air traffic in the area centered on Lunken Airport just southeast of central Cincinnati.[10] Lunken opened in 1926 in the Ohio River Valley; it frequently experienced fog, and the 1937 flood submerged its runways and two-story terminal building.[11] Federal officials wanted an airfield site that would not be prone to flooding, but Cincinnati officials hoped to build Lunken into the region's main airport.[12]

Officials from Boone, Kenton, and Campbell counties in Kentucky took advantage of Cincinnati's short-sightedness and lobbied Congress to build an airfield there.[13] Boone County officials offered a suitable site on the provision that Kenton County paid the acquisition cost. In October 1942, Congress provided $2 million to build four runways.[10]

The field opened August 12, 1944, with the first B-17 bombers beginning practice runs on August 15. As the tide of the war had already turned, the Air Corps only used the field until it was declared surplus in 1945.[10] However, this was not before the first regularly scheduled air freight shipment in the United States arrived in mid-September, signalling the future importance of the airport.[14]

On October 27, 1946, a small wooden terminal building opened and the airport prepared for commercial service under the name Greater Cincinnati Airport. Boone County Airlines was the first airline to provide scheduled service from the airport and had its headquarters at the airport.[10][a]

The first commercial flight, an American Airlines DC-3 from Cleveland, landed on January 10, 1947, at 9:53 am. A Delta Air Lines flight followed moments later.[16] The April 1957 Official Airline Guide shows 97 weekday departures: 37 American, 26 Delta, 24 TWA, 8 Piedmont, and 2 Lake Central. As late as November 1959 the airport had four 5,500 ft (1,700 m) runways at 45-degree angles, the north–south runway eventually being extended into today's runway 18C/36C.

In the 1950s Cincinnati city leaders began pushing for expansion of a site in Blue Ash to both compete with the Greater Cincinnati Airport and replace Lunken as the city's primary airport.[17] The city purchased Hugh Watson Field in 1955, turning it into Blue Ash Airport.[18] The city's Blue Ash plans were hampered by community opposition, three failed Hamilton County bond measures,[19] political infighting,[20] and Cincinnati's decision not to participate in the federal airfield program.[21]

Jet age

Main atrium

On December 16, 1960, the jet age arrived in Cincinnati when a Delta Air Lines Convair 880 from Miami completed the first scheduled jet flight. The airport needed to expand and build more modern terminals and other facilities; the original Terminal A was expanded and renovated. The north–south runway was extended from 3,100 to 8,600 ft (940 to 2,620 m). In 1964, the board approved a $12 million bond to expand the south concourse of Terminal A by 32,000 sq ft (3,000 m2) and provide nine gates for TWA, American, and Delta.[10] A new east–west runway crossing the longer north–south runway was constructed in 1971 south of the older east–west runway.

In 1977, before the Airline Deregulation Act was passed, CVG, like many small airports, anticipated the loss of numerous flights; creating the opportunity for Patrick Sowers, Robert Tranter, and David and Raymound Mueller to establish Comair to fill the void. The airline began service to Akron/Canton, Cleveland, and Evansville. In 1981, Comair became a public company, added 30-seat turboprops to its fleet, and began to rapidly expand its destinations. In 1984, Comair became a Delta Connection carrier with Delta's establishment of a hub at CVG. That same year, Comair introduced its first international flights from Cincinnati to Toronto. In 1992, Comair moved into Concourse C, as Delta Air Lines gradually continued to acquire more of the airline's stock. In 1993, Comair was the launch customer for the Canadair Regional Jet, of which it would later operate the largest fleet in the world. By 1999, Comair was the largest regional airline in the country worth over $2 billion, transporting 6 million passengers yearly to 83 destinations on 101 aircraft. Later that year, Delta Air Lines acquired the remaining portion of Comair's stock, causing Comair to solely operate Delta Connection flights.[22]

In 1988, two founders of Comair, Patrick Sowers and Robert Tranter launched a new scheduled airline from CVG named Enterprise Airlines, which served 16 cities at its peak. The airline spearheaded the regional jet revolution in a unique manner by operating 10-seat Cessna Citation business jets in scheduled services. The flights became popular with Cincinnati companies. The airline served destinations including Baltimore, Boston, Cedar Rapids, Columbus (OH), Green Bay, Greensboro, Greenville, Hartford, Memphis, Milwaukee, New York–JFK, and Wilmington (NC).[23] The airline also became the first international feed carrier by feeding the British Airways Concorde at JFK. In 1991, the airline ceased operations because of high fuel prices and the suspension of the British Airways contract after the first Gulf War.

Delta Air Lines hub

Delta Air Lines Boeing 767-300ER heading to Paris

In the mid-1980s, Delta opened a hub in Cincinnati and constructed Terminals C and D with 22 gates. During the decade, Delta ramped up both mainline and Comair operations and established Delta Connection. Delta's continued growth at CVG then prompted them to spend $550 million to build their own terminal facility in the 1990s.[24] The new terminal, known then as Terminal 3, opened in 1994 and would largely replace Terminal D. Terminal 3 consisted of three airside concourses, with most of Terminal D's gate space being repurposed into Terminal 3's Concourse A while Concourses B and C were new construction. Concourses A and B were parallel concourses connected to Terminal 3's main building by an underground walkway which also included a people mover (a similar layout to Delta's main hub at Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport). Concourse C was only accessible by shuttle buses and was a ground-level facility for regional aircraft used by Delta Connection (operated by Comair). After the opening of Terminal 3, the former Terminals B and C were renamed Terminals 1 and 2 respectively, which continued to house non-Delta airlines.[25]

Aircraft operations dramatically increased from around 300,000 to 500,000 yearly aircraft movements. In turn, passenger volumes doubled within a decade from 10 million to over 20 million. This expansion prompted the building of runway 18L/36R and the airport began making preparations to construct Concourse D while adding an expansion to Concourse A and B.[26]

At its peak, CVG became Delta's second largest hub, handling over 600 flights daily in 2005.[27] It was the fourth largest hub in the world for a single airline, based on departures, ranking only behind Atlanta, Chicago–O'Hare, and Dallas/Fort Worth.[28] The hub served everything from a 64-mile flight to Dayton, to a daily nonstop to Honolulu and Anchorage, to transatlantic destinations including Amsterdam, Brussels, Frankfurt, London, Manchester, Munich, Paris, Rome, and Zürich.[29] Additionally, Air France operated flights into CVG for several periods for over a decade before finally terminating the service in 2007.[30][31]

When Delta went into bankruptcy in September 2005, a large reduction at CVG eliminated most early-morning and night flights.[29] These initial cuts caused additional routes to become unprofitable, causing the frequency of low-volume routes to be further cut from 2006 to 2007. Planning for the new east–west runway stopped, along with all expansions to current terminals; Terminal 1 was closed due to lack of service. In 2008, Delta merged with Northwest Airlines and cut flight capacity from the Cincinnati hub by 22 percent with an additional 17 percent reduction in 2009.[27] Concourse C, opened in 1994 at a cost of $50 million, was permanently closed in 2008 and demolished in 2016.[32] Further reductions in early 2010 caused Delta to close Concourse A in Terminal 3 on May 1, consolidating all operations into Concourse B. This resulted in the layoff of more than 800 employees.[33]

By 2011, Delta was down to roughly 130 flights per day at CVG.[34] After several years of cuts to its older fleet, which were cited as being cut due to high costs associated with rising oil prices, Delta's wholly-owned and CVG-based subsidiary, Comair, ceased all operations in September 2012, ending over three decades of operations.[35] In 2017, the hub was downgraded to a focus city.[36]

Recent history

Concourse B Ramp Tower

Until 2015, CVG consistently ranked among the most expensive major airports in the United States.[37] Delta operated over 75% of flights at CVG, a fact often cited as a reason for relatively high domestic ticket prices.[38] Airline officials suggested that Delta was practicing predatory pricing to drive away discount airlines.[37][39] From 1990 to 2003, ten discount airlines began service at CVG, but later pulled out,[40] including Vanguard Airlines, which pulled out of CVG twice.[41] After Delta downsized its hub operations, low cost carriers began operations and have been sustained at the airport ever since.[42][43]

Terminal 2 was closed in May 2012, and CVG re-opened and consolidated all non-Delta airlines to Concourse A in Terminal 3 at that time, which became the sole terminal.[44] Renovation and expansion of the ticketing/check-in area and Concourse A took place that year to accommodate the move.[45][46] Terminals 1 and 2 were torn down in early 2017 to construct an overnight parking and deicing area.[47] Both concourses, the customs facility, baggage claim, and ticketing areas were renovated in late 2017 to mid 2018 under a $4.5 million plan.[48][49] In 2021, the airport opened a new rental car and ground transportation center adjacent to the main terminal.[50]

Location

77 Comair Boulevard, the offices of the airport and the former headquarters of Comair

The airport is in an unincorporated area of the county.[51] Various articles of the Cincinnati Enquirer describe the airport as being in Hebron.[52][53] The airport terminal uses a Hebron postal address, while the administrative headquarters uses an Erlanger postal address.[54] The airport is outside of the Hebron census-designated place, which is defined by the U.S. Census Bureau, and the airport is also not in Erlanger, a city.[51]

The office, at 77 Comair Boulevard, was formerly the headquarters of the American regional airline Comair.[55]

Facilities

Interior view of Concourse B

Terminal

The airport has one terminal and two concourses with a total of 51 gates.[56] Both concourses are islands and are only accessible by an underground moving walkway and people mover.[57] All international arrivals without pre-clearance are handled in Concourse B.[57]

Art

Main article: Winold Reiss industrial murals

The airport is home to 14 large Art Deco murals created for the train concourse building at Cincinnati Union Terminal during the station's construction in 1932. Mosaic murals depicting people at work in local Cincinnati workplaces were incorporated into the interior design of the railroad station by Winold Reiss, a German-born artist with a reputation in interior design. When the train concourse building was designated for demolition in 1972, a "Save the Terminal Committee" raised funds to remove and transport the 14 murals in the concourse to new locations in the Airport. They were placed in Terminal 1, as well as Terminals 2 and 3, which were then being constructed as part of major airport expansion and renovation. When Terminals 1 and 2 were demolished, the murals in those areas were stored and the new Security Screening building was designed to accommodate the heavy weight of the murals with the eastern "store front" windows designed to be removable to permit the future installation of the murals. The murals were also featured in a scene in the film Rain Man starring Dustin Hoffman and Tom Cruise. In addition, a walkway to one of the terminals at CVG was featured in the scene in the film when Hoffman's character, Raymond, refused to fly on a plane. The nine murals located in the former Terminals 1 & 2 were relocated to the Duke Energy Convention Center in downtown Cincinnati.[58]

Additionally, there are several pieces of Charley Harper artwork in the Concourse B food court.

Cargo hubs

A DHL Boeing 767-200 (N784AX) taxiing at CVG

In 1984, DHL opened its CVG hub and began operations throughout the world. However, in 2004, DHL decided to move its hub to Wilmington, Ohio, in order to compete in the United States shipment business.[clarify] The plan ended up failing, and DHL moved back to CVG in 2009 to resume its original operations. CVG now serves as the largest of DHL's three global hubs (the other two being Leipzig/Halle and Hong Kong) with numerous flights each day to destinations across North America, Europe, Middle East, Asia, and the Pacific.[citation needed] DHL has completed a $105 million expansion and employs approximately 2,500 at CVG. Because of this growth, CVG now stands as the 4th busiest airport in North America based on cargo tonnage and 34th in the world.[59]

Amazon Air Boeing 767-300 cargo aircraft at CVG, its primary cargo hub

On May 28, 2015, DHL announced a $108M expansion to its current facility, which doubled the current cargo operations. The money was used to double the gate capacity for transferring cargo, an expansion to the sorting facility, and various technical improvements, which was completed in Autumn 2016. In addition, this has provided many more jobs for the Cincinnati area, and will dramatically increase the airport's operations.[60][61]

On January 31, 2017, Amazon announced that its new cargo airline, Amazon Air would pick CVG as its main worldwide shipping hub, following an investment of $1.49B in the construction and expansion of a cargo facility on the airport grounds.[62] The company used DHL's facilities prior to the construction of its new facility. The hub is Amazon's principal shipping hub and was constructed on 1,129 acres (457 ha) of land at the airport with a 3,000,000 sq ft (280,000 m2) sorting facility and parking positions for over 100 aircraft. On April 30, 2017, Amazon began operations at CVG with 75 Boeing 767-200ER/300ER aircraft based at the airport and planned to have 200 daily takeoffs and landings from its CVG hub to destinations across the U.S. and internationally.[63] The hub could create up to 15,000 jobs in the Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky region.[64] On August 11, 2021, Amazon debuted its new cargo hub at CVG. On May 28, 2024, Atlas announced that "Atlas Air has successfully reached an agreement to fully exit their Amazon CMI operations, which no longer aligned with our company plans. Separately, through Titan, we are pleased to extend the dry leasing portion of our relationship with Amazon."[citation needed]

Ground transportation

The TANK 2X bus provides daily service in to downtown Cincinnati.[65]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Air Canada Express Seasonal: Toronto–Pearson [66]
Alaska Airlines Seattle/Tacoma [67]
Allegiant Air Austin, Charleston (SC), Denver, Destin/Fort Walton Beach, Fort Lauderdale, Jacksonville (FL), Key West, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Myrtle Beach, Newark, New Orleans, Orlando/Sanford, Phoenix/Mesa, Punta Gorda (FL), Sarasota, Savannah, St. Petersburg/Clearwater, West Palm Beach
Seasonal: Norfolk, Providence
[68]
American Airlines Charlotte, Dallas/Fort Worth, Phoenix–Sky Harbor
Seasonal: Cancún, Miami, Philadelphia
[69]
American Eagle Boston, Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Miami, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Raleigh/Durham, Washington–National [69]
Breeze Airways Charleston (SC), San Francisco
Seasonal: Hartford, Providence, San Diego
British Airways London–Heathrow [70]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Denver, Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Orlando, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma, Tampa
Seasonal: Cancún
Delta Connection Austin, Boston, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Newark, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Raleigh/Durham, Washington–National [71]
Frontier Airlines Atlanta, Boston, Cancún, Charlotte, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Houston–Intercontinental, Las Vegas, Miami, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–LaGuardia, Orlando, Pensacola, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (ME), Tampa
Seasonal: Raleigh/Durham
[72]
Southwest Airlines Baltimore, Chicago–Midway, Denver, Nashville,[73] Orlando
Seasonal: Fort Myers, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Sarasota, Tampa
[74]
Sun Country Airlines Seasonal: Minneapolis/St. Paul [75]
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark [76]
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Newark, Washington–Dulles
Seasonal: Houston–Intercontinental
[76]
Viva Aerobus Seasonal: Cancún, San José del Cabo [77]

Cargo

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
ABX Air Miami [citation needed]
AeroLogic Bahrain, Frankfurt, Seoul-Incheon, Leipzig/Halle [citation needed]
Amazon Air Albuquerque, Allentown/Bethlehem, Austin, Boise, Chicago–O'Hare, Chicago–Rockford, Denver, Fort Worth/Alliance, Hartford, Houston–Intercontinental, Lakeland (FL), Los Angeles, Manchester (NH),[78] Miami, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, Ontario, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma, Stockton, St. Louis, Tampa [citation needed]
Ameriflight Albany, Huntsville, Louisville, Wilkes-Barre/Scranton, Smyrna [79]
Atlas Air Anchorage, Austin, Baltimore, Boise, Chicago–O'Hare, Chicago–Rockford, Fort Worth/Alliance, Houston–Intercontinental, Kansas City, Lakeland, Laredo, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Mexico City-AIFA, Manchester (NH), Miami, Miami–Opa Locka, Ontario, Portland, Richmond, Riverside/March Air Base, San Juan, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita [80]
Cargojet Calgary, Edmonton, Guadalajara, Hamilton (ON), London–Heathrow, Mexico City-AIFA, Monterrey, Montréal–Mirabel, Nottingham, Vancouver, Winnipeg [citation needed]
Castle Aviation Akron/Canton, Hamilton (ON), Indianapolis–South Greenwood [81]
DHL Aviation Albany, Anchorage, Atlanta, Austin, Bahrain, Baltimore, Bogotá, Boston, Brussels, Calgary, Cedar Rapids, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, East Midlands, Edmonton, El Paso, Greensboro, Guadalajara, Hamilton (ON), Harlingen, Harrisburg, Hartford, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Houston–Intercontinental, Kansas City, Laredo, Leipzig/Halle, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Louisville, Memphis, Mexico City-AIFA,[82] Miami, Milan–Malpensa,[83] Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Monterrey, Montréal–Mirabel, Moscow–Domodedovo (suspended), Moscow–Sheremetyevo (suspended), Nagoya–Centrair, Nashville, New Orleans, Newark, New York–JFK, Omaha, Orlando, Oscoda, Panama City–Tocumen, Philadelphia–International, Philadelphia–Northeast, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Querétaro, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Richmond, Rochester, Sacramento–Mather, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San José de Costa Rica, San Juan (PR), San Pedro Sula, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore,[84] St. John's, St. Louis, Sydney, Tokyo–Narita, Tulsa, Vancouver, Wilkes–Barre/Scranton, Winnipeg [citation needed]
FedEx Express Louisville, Memphis
Seasonal: Detroit, Los Angeles, Oakland, Pittsburgh
[85][86]
Silk Way West Airlines Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare, Luxembourg, Seoul-Incheon [citation needed]

Statistics

Top destinations

Busiest domestic routes from CVG (April 2023 - March 2024)[8]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Atlanta, Georgia 409,000 Delta, Frontier
2 Denver, Colorado 279,000 Allegiant, Delta, Frontier, Southwest, United
3 Orlando, Florida 267,000 Delta, Frontier, Southwest
4 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 244,000 American, Frontier
5 Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 199,000 American, United
6 Charlotte, North Carolina 163,000 American
7 Newark, New Jersey 148,000 Allegiant, Delta, United
8 Tampa, Florida 141,000 Delta, Frontier
9 Las Vegas, Nevada 139,000 Allegiant, Delta, Frontier
10 New York–LaGuardia, New York 126,000 American, Delta
Busiest cargo routes from CVG (January 2019)[87]
Rank City Cargo (pounds) Carriers
1 Anchorage, Alaska 38,686,878 AirBridgeCargo, DHL
2 Leipzig/Halle, Germany 14,447,211 AirBridgeCargo, DHL
3 Miami, Florida 14,427,248 Amazon, American, DHL
4 Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 10,341,326 Amazon, American, Delta, DHL, United
5 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 8,819,609 Amazon, American, Delta, DHL
6 Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Arizona 8,431,588 Amazon, Delta, DHL
7 Brussels, Belgium 8,223,096 AirBridgeCargo, DHL
8 Guadalajara, Mexico 7,990,928 AeroUnion, Cargojet, DHL
9 Houston, Texas 7,066,885 Amazon, Delta, DHL, United

Airline market share

Largest Airlines at CVG
(April 2023 - March 2024)
[88]
Rank Airline Passengers Share
1 Delta Air Lines 2,069,000 24.45%
2 Frontier Airlines 1,226,000 14.48%
3 Allegiant Air 1,003,000 11.85%
4 Endeavor Air 834,000 9.85%
5 American Airlines 765,000 9.04%

Annual traffic

Graphs are unavailable due to technical issues. There is more info on Phabricator and on MediaWiki.org.
Annual passenger traffic at CVG airport. See Wikidata query.
Annual passenger traffic at CVG
1992–Present
[89][90]
Year Passengers Year Passengers Year Passengers Year Passengers
1992 11,545,682 2002 20,812,642 2012 6,038,817 2022 7,573,416
1993 12,213,874 2003 21,197,447 2013 5,718,255 2023 8,718,443
1994 13,593,522 2004 22,062,557 2014 5,908,711 2024 3,625,960 (YTD)
1995 15,181,728 2005 22,778,785 2015 6,316,332 2025
1996 18,795,766 2006 16,244,962 2016 6,773,905 2026
1997 19,866,308 2007 15,736,220 2017 7,842,149 2027
1998 21,124,216 2008 13,630,443 2018 8,865,568 2028
1999 21,753,512 2009 10,621,655 2019 9,103,554 2029
2000 22,406,384 2010 7,977,588 2020 3,615,139 2030
2001 17,270,475 2011 7,034,263 2021 6,282,253 2031

Accidents and incidents

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See also

References

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency

Footnotes

  1. ^ Commercial flights had been previously carried out on an ad hoc basis due to the flooding of Lunken in March 1945.[15]

Notes

  1. ^ "CVG Airport Marks 75th Anniversary with Year-Long Celebration". cvgairport.com. CVG Leadership. 10 January 2022. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  2. ^ Russell, Edward (July 11, 2023). "Delta's Expansion in Austin May Be Too Little, Too Late to Catch American and Southwest". Airline Weekly.
  3. ^ "2022 CVG Air Traffic Stats" (PDF). cvgairport.com.
  4. ^ "CVG Airport Fact Sheet - October 2020" (PDF). CVG Airport. CVG Leadership. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  5. ^ "NPIAS Report 2023-2027 Appendix A" (PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. October 6, 2022. p. 54. Retrieved March 15, 2024.
  6. ^ "CVG Fact Sheet October 2020" (PDF). Retrieved 13 January 2021.
  7. ^ "Amazon, DHL key in new CVG strategy to land development". Retrieved 2 June 2018.
  8. ^ a b "Cincinnati, OH: Cincinnati/ Northern Kentucky International (CVG)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics. May 2017. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
  9. ^ "Launching Point 2017: A Year in Review" (PDF). Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  10. ^ a b c d e "Detailed History". cvgairport.com. Archived from the original on December 4, 2010. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
  11. ^ Stulz, Larry (February 14, 2008). "Lunken Airport". Cincinnati-Transit.net.
  12. ^ Steve Kemme (December 28, 2010). "Flood sank Lunken plans". Cincinnati Enquirer-Our History. Cincinnati.com. Archived from the original on December 29, 2010. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
  13. ^ "MTM Cincinnati: Why Is Cincinnati Airport In Kentucky?". Edged in Blue. 27 September 2010.
  14. ^ "Aerial Freight Skips Lunken in Fog, Lands at Kenton". Cincinnati Post. 15 September 1944. p. 30.
  15. ^ "Commercial Airline Service is Inaugurated at Kenton County's Greater Cincinnati Port". Cincinnati Enquirer. 9 March 1945. p. 2. Retrieved 9 May 2022.
  16. ^ Donna M. DeBlasio; John Johnston (July 31, 1999). "Cincinnati's Century of Change: Timeline". The Cincinnati Enquirer. enquirer.com. p. S3. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
  17. ^ Gale, Oliver (November 1993). "On the Waterfront". Cincinnati Magazine. 27 (2). CM Media: 75–76. ISSN 0746-8210.
  18. ^ Rose, Mary Lou (March 22, 2012). "Letter to the Editor: History of Blue Ash Airport is important". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Archived from the original on February 15, 2013. Retrieved January 20, 2013.
  19. ^ "Renaissance in '70s led to place among 'Fab 50'". Cincinnati.com. Archived from the original on May 9, 2008.
  20. ^ Wessels, Joe (October 26, 2006). "Council votes to sell airport land". The Cincinnati Post. p. A2. Cincinnati City Council voted 8-1 Wednesday for an agreement to sell 128 acres of the approximately 230-acre airport to the city of Blue Ash.... The city of Cincinnati purchased the airport, located six air miles northeast of Cincinnati, in 1946 from a private company that had been using it as an airfield since 1921. Cincinnati officials intended to use the land to build a new commercial airport after 1937 Flood completely submerged Lunken Field in the East End, then the only airport with commercial flights in the area. A series of failed bond issues and political infighting – and Northern Kentucky politicians' successes at securing federal funding – wound up with the region's major airport being developed in Boone County.
  21. ^ "From Humble Beginnings... to an International Hub". Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport. December 12, 2012. Archived from the original on December 4, 2010. Retrieved January 20, 2013.
  22. ^ "Nonstop Performance Since 1977". Departed Flights. Comair. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  23. ^ "Enterprise Airlines". Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  24. ^ "The Death and Rebirth of Memphis (MEM) and Cincinnati (CVG)". AirlineGeeks. Retrieved 2 April 2022.
  25. ^ "Cincinnati/Northern KentuckyInternational Airport (CVG)". Cincinnati Transit. Retrieved 23 June 2023.
  26. ^ "CVG 2025 Master Plan" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 8 August 2020.
  27. ^ a b Kelly Yamanouchi (August 2, 2009). "Cincinnati hub is shrinking". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. ajc.com. Retrieved August 2, 2009.
  28. ^ "New Delta hub plan in wings". Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  29. ^ a b "Why CVG lost half of all flights". Retrieved 2015-05-28.
  30. ^ "Air France Suspends Paris Flight". The Cincinnati Post. June 8, 2001. Archived from the original on November 6, 2012. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
  31. ^ "Air France Starts New Daily Service in Cincinnati". Archived from the original on July 15, 2015. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
  32. ^ Jason Williams (March 4, 2016). "CVG saying goodbye to Concourse C". Cincinnati Enquirer. cincinnati.com.
  33. ^ "Delta further reduces operations at Cincinnati hub; 840 face layoffs". Cleveland Plain Dealer. Associated Press. March 16, 2010. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
  34. ^ Yamanouchi, Kelly. "Hub changes hit Cincinnati hard". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution – via AJC.com.
  35. ^ "Comair to Cease Operations". July 27, 2012. Retrieved July 28, 2012.
  36. ^ "Delta announces new routes from Cincinnati 'focus city'". USA Today. Retrieved 26 March 2022.
  37. ^ a b Coolidge, Alexander (January 3, 2007). "Cincinnati's sky-high airfares are tops in the USA". The Cincinnati Enquirer. p. A8. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
  38. ^ Rose, Marla Matzer (January 27, 2008). "Governors push to keep Delta hub". The Columbus Dispatch. Archived from the original on November 3, 2013. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
  39. ^ Paul Barton (December 20, 1999). "High air fares getting attention". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Cincinnati.com. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
  40. ^ Pilcher, James (November 23, 2003). "Curse of high fares has economic upside". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
  41. ^ Duke, Kerry (November 30, 2006). "Discount Airline Passes on CVG". The Kentucky Post. p. A1. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
  42. ^ Williams, Jason (July 23, 2015). "Allegiant Air makes CVG a home, creates jobs". Allegiant Air makes CVG a home, creates jobs. Cincinnati.com. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
  43. ^ "CVG doesn't suck anymore. How did that happen?". 3 August 2017. Retrieved 8 August 2020.
  44. ^ "Ground Control". May 2013. Retrieved 8 August 2020.
  45. ^ "CVG's new Concourse A: SLIDESHOW". www.bizjournals.com. Retrieved 2022-11-12.
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