Mahamat-Saleh Haroun, widely regarded as the most prominent filmmaker in Chad today
Mahamat-Saleh Haroun, widely regarded as the most prominent filmmaker in Chad today

The Cinema of Chad is small though growing. The first film made in the country appears to have been 1958 John Huston adventure film The Roots of Heaven, filmed when the country was still a part of French Equatorial Africa.[1] Documentary filmmaker Edouard Sailly made a series of shorts in the 1960s depicting daily life in the country.[2] During this period there were a number of cinemas in the country, including in N'Djamena Le Normandie, Le Vogue, the Rio, the Étoile and the Shéherazade, and also the Rex in Sarh, the Logone in Moundou and the Ciné Chachati in Abéché.[3][4][5] The film industry suffered severely in the 1970s-80s as Chad became engulfed in a series of civil wars and foreign military interventions; film production stopped, and all the cinemas in Chad closed down. Following the ousting of dictator Hissène Habré by Idriss Déby in 1990 the situation in the country stabilised somewhat, allowing the development of a nascent film industry, most notably with the work of directors Mahamat-Saleh Haroun, Issa Serge Coelo and Abakar Chene Massar.[6][7] Mahamat-Saleh Haroun has won awards at the Panafrican Film and Television Festival of Ouagadougou, Venice International Film Festival and the Cannes Film Festival.[8][9] In January 2011 Le Normandie in N'Djamena, said to now be the only cinema in Chad, re-opened with government support.[10][11]

List of Chadian films

The following is a sortable list of films produced or shot in Chad.[12][13]

Year Title English translation Director Genre Notes
1958 The Roots of Heaven John Huston Adventure American film partly shot in Chad
1960 Les Tonnes de l'Audace - Mission Ténéré Tchad The Tons of Audacity - Mission Ténéré Tchad René Quinet and Louis Sommet Documentary
1966 Pêcheurs du Chari Fishers of the Chari Edouard Sailly Ethnographic short
Le Lac Tchad Lake Chad
Salam el Kebir
Les Abattoirs de Forchia The Abattoirs of Forchia
Largeau
1967 Le Troisième Jour The Third Day Drama Short
1969 L'Enfant du Tchad The Infant of Chad Ethnographic short
1972 A la Découverte du Tchad Discovering Chad
1994 Maral Tanié Mahamat-Saleh Haroun Drama Short
Un Taxi pour Aouzou A Taxi for Aouzou Issa Serge Coelo Drama Short
1995 Goï-Goï Mahamat-Saleh Haroun Drama Short
Dilemme au Féminin Female Dilemma Zara Mahamat Yacoub Drama TV film
1999 Bye Bye Africa Mahamat-Saleh Haroun Drama
2000 Daresalam Let There Be Peace Issa Serge Coelo War drama
2002 Abouna Our Father Mahamat-Saleh Haroun Drama
2005 Addabache Djay Wara Abakar Chene Massar Drama
2006 Daratt Dry Season Mahamat-Saleh Haroun Drama
DP75: Tartina City Issa Serge Coelo Drama
Kalala Mahamat Saleh Haroun Documentary
2009 Le Pèlerin de Camp Nou Captain Majid (a literal translation would be The Pilgrim of Camp Nou) Abakar Chene Massar Drama
La Deliverance Richard Hunt Documentary
2010 Un homme qui crie A Screaming Man Mahamat-Saleh Haroun Drama
2013 GriGris Drama
2015 Parler de Rose, Prisonnière de Hissène Habré Talking with Rose, Prisoner of Hissène Habré Isabel Coixet Documentary Spanish doc shot in Chad
2017 Hissein Habré, une Tragédie Tchadienne Hissène Habré, a Chadian Tragedy Mahamat-Saleh Haroun Documentary Co-produced by Senegal, France, Netherlands and the United Kingdom
2021 Lingui, les liens sacrés Lingui, The Sacred Bonds Drama

See also

References

  1. ^ IMDb - Chad, 8 October 2019
  2. ^ Various (2000) Les cinémas d'Afrique: Dictionnaire, Editions Karthala, p. 407
  3. ^ Un cinéma renaît à N'Djamena, Jeune Afrique, 8 April 2011, retrieved 9 October 2019
  4. ^ Que sont devenues les salles de cinéma au Tchad?, Africultures, 12 October 2010, retrieved 9 October 2019
  5. ^ Patrick Ndiltah (6 March 2016), Les écrans noirs de N'Djaména : les ciné-clubs comme réponse à la fermeture des salles traditionnelles en Afrique : le cas du Tchad?, retrieved 9 October 2019
  6. ^ (in French) Bambé, Naygotimti (April 2007); "Issa Serge Coelo, cinéaste tchadien: On a encore du travail à faire Archived 30 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine", Tchad et Culture 256.
  7. ^ White, Jerry, Vertigo - Fatherlands: On Mahamat-Saleh Haroun, Africa and an Evolving Political Cinema, retrieved 8 October 2019
  8. ^ Chang, Justin (23 May 2010). "'Uncle Boonmee' wins Palme d'Or". Variety. Retrieved 23 May 2010.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ Goi-Goi: The Dwarf, 9 April 2011, retrieved 8 October 2019
  10. ^ Dawn - Chad's only cinema dusts off its silver screen, 9 April 2011, retrieved 8 October 2019
  11. ^ The Hindu The man who brought cinema to war-hit Chad, 9 December 2017, retrieved 8 October 2019
  12. ^ IMDb - Chad, 8 October 2019
  13. ^ Various (2000) Les cinémas d'Afrique: Dictionnaire, Editions Karthala, p. 407