A clarinet concerto is a concerto for clarinet; that is, a musical composition for solo clarinet together with a large ensemble (such as an orchestra or concert band). Albert Rice has identified a work by Giuseppe Antonio Paganelli as possibly the earliest known concerto for solo clarinet; its score appears to be titled "Concerto per il Clareto" and may date from 1733. It may, however, be intended for soprano chalumeau.[1] There are earlier concerti grossi with concertino clarinet parts including two by Johann Valentin Rathgeber, published in 1728.[2]

Famed publishing house Breitkopf & Härtel published the first clarinet concerto in 1772. The instrument's popularity soared and a flurry of early clarinet concertos ensued.[3] Many of these early concertos have largely been forgotten, though German clarinettist Dieter Klocker specializes in these "lost" works.[4] Famous clarinet concertos of the Classical and early Romantic era include those of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Carl Maria von Weber and Louis Spohr.

Relatively few clarinet concertos, or wind instrument concertos generally, were produced during the middle and late Romantic music era, but the form became more popular in the twentieth century, with famous clarinet concertos from Carl Nielsen and Aaron Copland, as well as more recent ones by composers such as John Adams, Kalevi Aho, Elliott Carter, John Corigliano, Magnus Lindberg, Donald Martino, Christopher Rouse, and John Williams.

Baroque period

The modern clarinet did not exist before about 1700. There are, however, a number of concertos written for its antecedent, the chalumeau.

The discovery of six clarinet concertos by Johann Melchior Molter (1696–1765) — the first of which may date from 1743[5] — and three concerti grossi for clarinet and oboe written by Antonio Vivaldi (1678–1741) as far back as 1711[6] have led music historians to revise the common view that the first concerto for the instrument was written by Johann Stamitz around 1755.[citation needed]

Classical period

Other concertos from the Classical era include those by Deshayes, Fuchs, Jan Kalous, Joseph Lacher, Lang, Philipp Meissner, Pfeilsticker, J.B. Wanhal, Wenzel Pichel, Johan Stich, and J.C. Stumpf.[3]

Romantic period

20th/21st century

See also


  1. ^ Rice, Albert R. (1992). The Baroque Clarinet. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 99–101.
  2. ^ Rice, Albert R. (1992). The Baroque Clarinet. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 93–94.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Hoeprich, Erich (2008). The clarinet. Yale University Press. p. 81 & 82. ISBN 978-0-300-10282-6.
  4. ^ "Dieter Klocker Discography".
  5. ^ Goodman, Jonathan Michael (2011). The Clarinet Concerti that Inspired the Composition of the Six Clarinet Concerti of Johann Melchior Molter (Thesis). Southern Illinois University, Carbondale.
  6. ^ Hoeprich, T. Eric (1983). "Finding a Clarinet for the Three Concertos by Vivaldi". Early Music. 11 (1): 61–64. doi:10.1093/earlyj/11.1.61. JSTOR 3137507.
  7. ^ Juan José Molero Ramos (September 2019). "A Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra in E-Flat Major by James Hook or Jean-Xavier Lefèvre: A Question Of Authorship". The Clarinet.
  8. ^ a b Hoeprich, Eric (2008). The Clarinet. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. p. 135.
  9. ^ "Basset Horn Concerto, Op.90 (Schneider, Georg Abraham)". IMSLP. Despite the title, the solo part does not use the notes below low written E characteristic of a basset horn; in modern terms these would be concertos for alto clarinet in F.
  10. ^ Marina Frolava-Walker. "Rimsky-Korsakov: (1) Nikolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov." Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (accessed December 1, 2006), grovemusic.com (subscription access).
  11. ^ Anderson, Keith. Spohr: Clarinet Concertos Nos. 1 & 3/Potpourri, Op. 80 (CD). Naxos Records. 8.550688. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
  12. ^ "John Adams List of Works". Archived from the original on 9 February 2007. Retrieved 20 January 2007.
  13. ^ "The Official Leonard Bernstein Web Site: Music for Performance". Retrieved 20 January 2007.
  14. ^ Tirimo, F. (no date) Works - Clarinet Concerto (Lost Lanes, Shadow Groves). Available at: http://www.jamesfrancisbrown.com/works/work.asp?workid=306&order=catdate (Accessed: 13 October 2015)
  15. ^ Antony Beaumont. "Busoni, Ferruccio." Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (accessed December 1, 2006), grovemusic.com (subscription access).
  16. ^ "Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra, John Corigliano". G. Schirmer, Inc. Retrieved 31 January 2007.
  17. ^ "The saint and the shebeen". The Herald. 20 June 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-06-29. Retrieved 2007-06-22.
  18. ^ Tuthill, Burnet C (Spring 1962). "The Concertos for Clarinet". Journal of Research in Music Education. 10 (1): 47–58. doi:10.2307/3343911. JSTOR 3343911.
  19. ^ "Oakland Symphony performs a clarinetist's 'Dream'". Inside Bay Area. 2007-03-21. Retrieved 2007-03-21.
  20. ^ "Beaver Valley Philharmonic: Mozart, Goodman in season finale". Lincoln Park Performing Arts Center. 2008-04-17. Archived from the original on 2009-01-13. Retrieved 2007-04-19.
  21. ^ Giselher Schubert. "Hindemith, Paul." Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (accessed December 1, 2006), grovemusic.com (subscription access).
  22. ^ "Clarinet Concerto—Thea Musgrave, Composer". Thea Musgrave web site. Archived from the original on 6 February 2007. Retrieved 31 January 2007.
  23. ^ Tower, Joan (1988). "Concerto for Clarinet". G. Schirmer Inc. Retrieved January 21, 2016.