Clay County
West Point City Hall at West Point Central City Historic District.
Map of Mississippi highlighting Clay County
Location within the U.S. state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 33°39′N 88°46′W / 33.65°N 88.77°W / 33.65; -88.77
Country United States
State Mississippi
Founded1871
Named forHenry Clay
SeatWest Point
Largest cityWest Point
Area
 • Total416 sq mi (1,080 km2)
 • Land410 sq mi (1,100 km2)
 • Water5.9 sq mi (15 km2)  1.4%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total20,634
 • Estimate 
(2018)
19,386
 • Density50/sq mi (19/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.claycountyms.com/index.php/

Clay County is a county in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,634.[1] Its county seat is West Point.[2] Its name is in honor of American statesman Henry Clay,[3] member of the United States Senate from Kentucky and United States Secretary of State in the 19th century. J. Wesley Caradine, an African American, was the first state representative for Clay County after it was established in 1871.[4]

The federal government formerly designated Clay County as the West Point Micropolitan Statistical Area, but the county lost that status in 2013.[5] It is part of the Golden Triangle region of the state.[6]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 416 square miles (1,080 km2), of which 410 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 5.9 square miles (15 km2) (1.4%) is water.[7]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
188017,367
189018,6077.1%
190019,5635.1%
191020,2033.3%
192017,490−13.4%
193017,9312.5%
194019,0306.1%
195017,757−6.7%
196018,9336.6%
197018,840−0.5%
198021,08211.9%
199021,1200.2%
200021,9794.1%
201020,634−6.1%
2018 (est.)19,386[8]−6.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2013[1]

2020 census

Clay County Racial Composition[13]
Race Num. Perc.
White 7,196 38.61%
Black or African American 10,785 57.87%
Native American 35 0.19%
Asian 57 0.31%
Pacific Islander 1 0.01%
Other/Mixed 376 2.02%
Hispanic or Latino 186 1.0%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 18,636 people, 7,618 households, and 4,841 families residing in the county.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 20,634 people living in the county. 58.2% were Black or African American, 40.5% White, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 0.3% of some other race and 0.6% of two or more races. 1.0% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

2000 census

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 21,979 people, 8,152 households, and 5,885 families living in the county. The population density was 54 people per square mile (21/km2). There were 8,810 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 56.33% Black or African American, 42.82% White, 0.05% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.42% from two or more races. 0.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to the census[14] of 2000, the largest ancestry groups in Clay County were African 56.3%, English 35% and Scots-Irish 4.5%.

There were 8,152 households, out of which 35.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.80% were married couples living together, 22.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.80% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.80% under the age of 18, 10.40% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 21.10% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 89.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,372, and the median income for a family was $35,461. Males had a median income of $30,038 versus $19,473 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,512. About 19.20% of families and 23.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.20% of those under age 18 and 21.90% of those age 65 or over.


Education

Clay County is within the service area of the East Mississippi Community College system.[15]

Public schools

Communities

Cities

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Ghost town

Politics

United States presidential election results for Clay County, Mississippi[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,181 41.03% 5,844 57.36% 164 1.61%
2016 4,150 41.49% 5,722 57.20% 131 1.31%
2012 4,291 38.76% 6,712 60.62% 69 0.62%
2008 4,466 40.26% 6,558 59.12% 68 0.61%
2004 4,342 47.50% 4,753 52.00% 46 0.50%
2000 3,570 43.72% 4,515 55.30% 80 0.98%
1996 2,948 38.97% 4,267 56.41% 349 4.61%
1992 3,297 38.50% 4,620 53.95% 646 7.54%
1988 3,645 48.26% 3,849 50.96% 59 0.78%
1984 4,112 50.23% 4,046 49.42% 29 0.35%
1980 3,439 43.18% 4,275 53.68% 250 3.14%
1976 3,017 44.13% 3,514 51.40% 306 4.48%
1972 4,035 71.39% 1,410 24.95% 207 3.66%
1968 494 8.97% 1,510 27.41% 3,505 63.62%
1964 2,848 92.65% 226 7.35% 0 0.00%
1960 451 19.01% 626 26.39% 1,295 54.60%
1956 410 18.25% 1,225 54.52% 612 27.24%
1952 1,077 46.68% 1,230 53.32% 0 0.00%
1948 22 1.30% 59 3.50% 1,605 95.20%
1944 109 8.60% 1,158 91.40% 0 0.00%
1940 103 7.71% 1,232 92.22% 1 0.07%
1936 32 2.46% 1,271 97.54% 0 0.00%
1932 34 2.42% 1,371 97.44% 2 0.14%
1928 128 8.08% 1,456 91.92% 0 0.00%
1924 82 6.73% 1,136 93.27% 0 0.00%
1920 48 5.84% 771 93.80% 3 0.36%
1916 27 3.14% 832 96.74% 1 0.12%
1912 4 0.60% 628 93.45% 40 5.95%


See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved September 3, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 83.
  4. ^ Lowry, Robert; McCardle, William H. (October 12, 1891). A History of Mississippi: From the Discovery of the Great River by Hernando DeSoto, Including the Earliest Settlement Made by the French Under Iberville, to the Death of Jefferson Davis. R.H. Henry & Company. ISBN 9780788448218 – via Google Books.
  5. ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). United States Office of Management and Budget. February 28, 2013. Retrieved April 3, 2013.
  6. ^ "Golden Triangle economic development model could be emulated across state". Retrieved May 20, 2014.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 8, 2021.
  14. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  15. ^ "CATALOG 2007-2009 Archived 2010-12-18 at the Wayback Machine." East Mississippi Community College. 3 (3/147). Retrieved on March 1, 2011.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 4, 2018.

Coordinates: 33°39′N 88°46′W / 33.65°N 88.77°W / 33.65; -88.77